Ex Ltbrii \
K. OGDEN ;
A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
BY THE SAME AUTHOR
WILKES & THE CITY
With Illustrations. Twelve Shillings net
"Sir William Treloar has created a wonder-
fully human portrait of a very much dis-
cussed historical character. His portrait
is by no means done in whitewash, but
he seeks to justify and explain many of the
things which historians of the City of
London have condemned in Wilkes' life
and personality. ... It is a book which
you cannot help enjoying." The Tatler.
LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
BY WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR
AUTHOR OF "WILKES AMD THE CITY," ETC.
TO WHICH IS ADDED
THE OFFICIAL DIARY OF MICAJAH PERRY
LORD MAYOR 1738-9
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET, W.
I DEDICATE THIS BOOK
MY DAUGHTER FLORENCE,
WHOSE DUTIFUL AND HELPFUL LOVE HAS
BEEN ONE OF THE BLESSINGS OF MY LONG
AND HAPPY LIFE.
WHEN, in 1881, I became a member of the Corpora-
tion, I had no idea of becoming Lord Mayor of London.
If I had possessed such an ambition I might probably
have become an Alderman in 1882 and the Lord
Mayor in 1887, for I think I should have beaten
Mr. De Keyser in the election for Alderman at that
I should say that very few men who join the Cor-
poration, on what is called the " floor of the Court,"
do so with any idea of eventually becoming Lord
Mayor. Whereas, those who join the Corporation as
Aldermen know that they must, if they live, occupy
the position at some time.
In the Corporation, one need not begin at the
beginning which is a pity. An apprenticeship is
always a good thing in any walk of life ; this is recog-
nised more by Labour than by others. You must
serve an apprenticeship to be a carpenter or a brick-
layer ; but need not do so if you want to be a peer, a
politician, or even a statesman.
My year of office was a very interesting one for me.
I entertained monarchs, princes, premiers, and other
notable people; I presided at many grand and im-
portant functions, both at the Guildhall and the
Mansion House, and much enjoyed the experience
and appreciated the many honours I received.
But there is nothing that pleased me more, nothing
I prize more amongst all those tributes, than the
receipt of the Freedom of the Borough of Helston, in
Monarchs come to the Guildhall and monarchs go,
and the mere fact that I happened by a lucky chance
to be Lord Mayor when such great visits and events
took place is, after all, something in the nature of a
fluke. It might have happened to someone else my
immediate predecessor or successor; but to be given
the Freedom of dear little Helston (the home of my
fathers), in the quaint and ancient guildhall there, is
something more humanly rich to me, if I may say so.
Mind, I am not running down the glorious things
which occurred to me at the other Guildhall not at
all. I am pleased and proud about them also; but
there was something of home about Helston.
I had a regular royal progress through the Duchy
of Cornwall for three days, and both Helston and
Truro honoured me with their Freedom.
As to Helston, the people there went mad with
delight as I danced the Furry dance through the hilly
streets. I remember how, on the 8th of May, 1907,
men and women stopped me in my dancing course
and gave me small sums of money silver and copper
with a squeeze of the hand, and the words " for
the little cripples " and a " God bless 'ee ! "
When I first thought of publishing this diary I
naturally searched to find out whether such a book had
ever before been written by a Lord Mayor. I cannot
find that it has, with the exception of that of Micajah
Perry, Lord Mayor 1738-1739, and this I have given
in full as an appendix to this work. It suggests
certain interesting comparisons.
It is curious that no other Lord Mayor has left an
account of his year of office. It would have been
very interesting to read now such a book, no matter
in what century it was written. Think what a flood
of light might have been thrown on social, historical,
and political events by such a record ! There is in
the Guildhall Library a Diary of a Sheriff, Richard
Hoare, written in 1740, and curiously interesting it is
to one who knows the customs and traditions of the
City; but although he afterwards was Lord Mayor in
1745, he left no record of his mayoralty.
Micaiah (or, as he wrote his name, Micajah) Perry
was a merchant residing in St. Mary Axe, in the Ward
of Aldgate. He was elected Alderman on the 24th
of February, 1728, and, almost at the same time
became Master of the Worshipful Company of Haber-
dashers. In the previous October (1727) he was
elected one of the three Whig Members of Parliament
for the City, the fourth being a Tory.
He served the office of Sheriff in 1734-1735, and
on Michaelmas Day, 1738, was elected Lord Mayor,
assuming office on the 28th of October following,
when he was forty- three years old. He lost his wife
on the icth of October, 1738, and he lost his seat in
the House of Commons at the General Election in
1741 perhaps because he had the support of the
Dissenters, although he was then the Ministerial
candidate. He was never knighted, probably because
up to 1741 he had persistently voted against Walpole
and the Government.
He was Colonel of the Orange Regiment 1738-1745.
The City Train Bands were then divided into regi-
ments distinguished by colours, the territorial limits
of the Orange Regiment coinciding with my own
Ward of Farringdon Without.
He surrendered his office of Alderman in November,
1 746, on account of ill-health, and at the same Court
his brethren voted him two hundred pounds per
annum, which payment was continued until he died
in January, 1753. His ill-health is evident from the
fact that the document was signed with his mark, and
witnessed by Sir John Bosworth, the City Chamber-
lain, and Ann Cocke, a relative of his deceased wife.
I cannot discover the cause of the change in Perry's
circumstances ; but I find that on the 2nd of December,
1746, the Chamberlain acquainted the Court " that
Micajah Perry, Esq., late Alderman of the Ward of
Aldgate, desired him to return his most humble and
hearty thanks for their generous and kind concern
for him and for the seasonable support they have
given him in his present necessity."
The family of Perry must have been well-to-do at
one time, as is evidenced by a notice in a contem-
porary newspaper, announcing the marriage of a
Mr. Cade to Miss Perry, sister of Mr. Alderman Perry,
a young lady of 10,000 fortune.
There is a fine full-length portrait of Perry in
his official robes at Haberdashers' Hall.
On the 28th of October, the day Perry left office,
he records that, " The day being Sunday, no ladies
were invited, and I only entertained the Aldermen
above the Chair, the Officers of Guildhall, and the
Haberdashers' Company." Apparently, after paying
this easy tribute to their true Sabbatarian instincts,
the gentlemen contentedly enjoyed their dinners as
well as they could without the ladies.
Three days before he left office he laid the chief
corner-stone of the present Mansion House. It seems
to have been a very quiet affair. He says, " After
attending adjourned Quarter Sessions at Guildhall
Violet I afterwards put on the Scarlet Gown, and
went to Stocks Market, attended by several Gentle-
men of the Committee appointed to erect a Mansion
House for the Lord Mayor of this City in their Gowns,
preceded by the City Musick and my Officers with the
Sunday Sword and Mace, and laid the chief corner
stone of the said Mansion House, and placed therein
a copper plate with an inscription engraved thereon,
and afterwards returned home."
Before 1753 the Aldermen and other wealthy
citizens lived over or near their business premises,
and the private residence of the Lord Mayor became
the Mansion House during his mayoralty. The halls
of the City Companies were lent to the Lord Mayor
when required, and he was also allowed to use the
stables. This latter courtesy was continued after the
Mansion House was built.
As far back as 1670 it was thought that there
should be an official residence for London's Chief
Magistrate, and in 1 734 it was decided that a Mansion
House should be erected ; and the first stone was laid
by Lord Mayor Perry in 1739.
The foundation work was difficult and tedious ; the
site is close to the Wall-brook, and piling was found
to be necessary. When the building was finished,
dry rot appeared in the large beams of the roof to the
Egyptian Hall, and in 1793 it was moved in the
Court of Common Council that a Committee should
consider the erection of a new building " instead of
a general repair and alterations to the present
Certain alterations have been made since the
building was erected. The side porch was not built
to the private entrance on the west side until a much
later date. An attic story, called the Mayor's Nest,
existed over the Egyptian Hall (so named, I am told,
after the Egyptian Hall described by Vitruvius) and
another over the ball-room; but they were removed
in consequence of dry rot; and a fine state staircase
from the principal floor to the first floor has alsobeen
removed. There was an open courtyard at the level
of the first or principal floor. This was entirely sur-
rounded by the building, and a short open colonnade
was formed at the entrance to the Egyptian Hall.
The steps and railings in front were altered, and the
width of the public way was considerably increased.
The illustration shown is taken from a rare print
in the possession of my friend, Sir William Soulsby.*
The first Lord Mayor who occupied the Mansion
House was Sir Crisp Gascoyne, in 1753, one of the
ancestors of the Salisbury family.
Perry was buried in Epsom churchyard, presum-
ably in the same grave as his wife. The inscription
on her grave reads as follows :
" Sacred to the memory of Elizabeth, late wife of Micajah
Perry, Esq., daughter of Richard and Mrs. Ann Cocke, who
was possessed of many great and good qualities. . . . She lived
many years in this parish, and died 10 Oct., 1738, in the 39th
year of her age."
It will be observed that she died eighteen days
before he entered on the duties of Lord Mayor.
* If Sir William Soulsby some day gives us his recollections of
the Mansion House, how interesting they will be ! Fancy his
opinions and criticisms upon the forty-four Lord Mayors under
whom he has served as private secretary so faithfully and well !
I don't think that Lord Mayor Perry in 1738 had
such a good time as I had in 1906. In one thing he
had the advantage of me : he was but forty-three years
old, whereas I was sixty-three. But I do not think
I was an old sixty-three, and I fancy he was not a
very young forty-three.
The traditional idea or opinion used to be that
Lord Mayors and Aldermen were men who ate and
drank more than was good for them. Most certainly
that is not the case now, nor was it in 1906.
According to Perry's diary, he did not attend any-
thing like the number of dinners, luncheons, and
suppers that I did; but I fancy the men of two hun-
dred years ago fed more heartily, and drank more
heavily than we of this generation.
After all, it is not where you dine so much as how
you dine that tells. I can safely say that the Alder-
men of to-day are very abstemious, and even careful
livers. I know that when I was in the Chair I carefully
refrained from taking meat; I drank no spirits and
only took one sort of wine at my meals. I do not
smoke. I observed careful rules in other respects;
and so it is, I think, with all of my brethren. The
fact is, we know more on this subject than did the
men who lived two hundred years ago.
We are not like the woman who told the Board
School mistress that she did not wish her little girl
to be taught so much about her stomach, as she
thought it was rude to talk of the inside.
It does not appear that Perry could have spent so
much money during his year of office as we modern
Lord Mayors are obliged to do. He was paid, as was
then the custom, by fees, which probably amounted
to about 5,000, jioo of which was derived from the
profits of Bartholomew Fair ; when the Fair ceased to
be profitable two Freedoms of the City, valued at
25 a piece, were granted as compensation for the
100, as the facsimile below testifies.
He had no Mansion House to keep up with its many
servants and other daily expenses. Apparently there
were very few settled formal dinners or luncheons,
and not so many charity appeals and meetings. The
practice of going into the London markets to beg
food for charities and the poor, as he did, has passed
away, I am inclined to think, happily.
There was, apparently, not a great Show on the
28th of October, which was the date of the Lord
Mayor's Show then, and it was not a hired Show as
it is at present. The Aldermen, Sheriffs, and Guilds
attended in their own barges, with the Lord Mayor,
and were rowed from Three Cranes Wharf to West-
minster. It must have been a pretty sight, and I
wish we made more such use of our dear historic
Thames. After all that dignity and pageantry, the
annual junketing trip on the Maria Wood was rather
like a poor harlequinade. In the evening there was
a dinner at Guildhall.
I am indebted to the Rev. A. B. Beaven's excellent
work upon the Aldermen of the City of London for
some of the facts in this notice. I also owe thanks to
my friend Mr. Deputy Bull and the members of the
Library Committee for permission to copy documents.
My friend Mr. Bernard Kettle, the Librarian, has
also assisted me greatly in my searches, and I should
like to record my opinion of him as a most excellent,
able, and ever courteous Librarian, and a good friend.
Other times, other manners and, it will have been
seen, there was a very different City of London in
George II.'s reign.
Smollett described London then as an " overgrown
monster; which, like a dropsical head, will in time
leave the body and extremities without nourishment
or support. The tide of luxury has swept all the
inhabitants from the open country, the poorest squire
as well as the richest peer must have his house in
town, and make a figure with an extraordinary
number of domestics. . . . There are many causes
that contribute to the daily increase of this enormous
mass; but they may be all resolved into the grand
source of luxury and corruption."
This criticism is somewhat like that to which we
are often treated now; but just fancy the difference in
the traffic in the streets then and now ! Swift motor-
cars and trolleys, buses, and trams block the streets
and are everywhere; whereas then gilt coaches, drawn
by four horses, hackney carriages, and carts, were
the means of locomotion, and there was little or no
The evidence given before the Select Committee on
Traffic by Sir W. J. Nott Bower, Commissioner of
the City Police, is very revealing and significant :
30,934 vehicles passed the Mansion House on the
26th of November, 1912, proceeding as follows:
From King William Street . . . . . . 5,756
,, Cornhill . . . . . . . . 3,365
,, Threadneedle Street . . . . . . 5,972
,, Princes Street . . . . . . . . 4,038
,, Poultry . . . . . . . . 5,080
Queen Victoria Street . . . . 6,723
Iii his " Trivia," Gay tells us about the markets
for food which were the same as now:
" Shall the large mutton smoak upon your Boards ?
Such, Newgate's copious market best affords.
Wouldst thou with mighty Beef, augment thy meal ?
Seek Leaden Hall; St. James's sends thee Veal;
Thames-Street gives Cheeses, Covent Garden Fruits,
Moorfields old books, and Monmouth Street old suits.
Oh bear me to the Paths of fair Pell Mell,
Safe are thy pavements, grateful is thy smell."
And that splendid lover of our City and Metro-
polis, Dr. Samuel Johnson, in his " London," which
was published in Perry's year of 1738:
" For who would leave unbribed Hibernia's land,
Or change the rocks of Scotland for the Strand ?
There none are swept by sudden fate away,
But all whom hunger spares with age decay.
Here malice, rapine, accident conspire,
And now a rabble rages, now a fire ;
Their ambush here relentless ruffians lay,
And the fell attorney prowls for prey.
Here falling houses thunder on your head,
And here a female atheist talks you dead.
Prepare for death, if here at night you roam,
And sign your will before you sup from home ;
Some frolic drunkard, reeling from a feast,
Provokes a brawl and stabs you for a jest."
Yes, things are changed, happily changed in many
Well, I am proud to have served on the Corporation,
and to have been Lord Mayor, the chosen represen-
tative of the citizens ; for this mighty London of ours
was made by the citizens of long ago and by the
example they set us. Stow tells us that, " This
realm hath only three principal rivers whereon a
Royal City may well be situated, Trent in the North,
Severn in the South-West, and Thames in the South-
East, of the which Thames, both for the straight course
in length reacheth furthest into the belly of the land,
and for the breadth and stillness of the water is most
navigable up and down the stream." He then goes
on to tell the story of how, when Queen Mary, angry
with the citizens, threatened to remove the Term
and Parliament to Oxford, a certain Alderman
asked whether she intended also to divert the Thames
from London; because if not, " By God's Grace we
shall do well enough at London, whatsoever become
of the Term and Parliament." No doubt the river
the " fishful Thames," Stow called it, in which
Perry records there were sturgeons ! gave us a good
start; but it was those old citizens who made our
London the first city in the world.
Domine dirige nos (O God, direct us), and those who
follow us to keep it so. Amen.
W. P. T.
November gih, 1919.
INTRODUCTORY - i
THE DIARY ... - 53
LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY - - -229
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
THE AUTHOR - Frontispiece
Front a pencil drawing by Phil May (photogravure)
ST. THOMAS'S DAY ELECTION, DECEMBER 21, 1881, FARRING-
DON WITHOUT WARD: "THE FARRINGDON DERBY" to face 8
THE MANSION HOUSE OF WHICH THE FOUNDATION-STONE
WAS LAID BY MICAJAH PERRY - to face 12
THE LORD MAYOR, SIR GEORGE TYLER, AND SOME OF THE
ALDERMEN AT THE SAVAGE CLUB - to face 26
From a drawing by John Proctor
THE JEWEL AND CHAIN OF OFFICE - - - 37
FIREPLACE IN THE SERVANTS' HALL, MANSION HOUSE,
SHOWING THE " WOODEN HORSE " ON THE RIGHT - 39
THE STATUE AT NEWBY HALL, RIPON - to face 40
GOGGLES AND MAGOGGLES: A CHANCE THAT SIR WILLIAM
TRELOAR MISSED - to face 46
By kind permission of the proprietors oj " Punch "
THE LORD MAYOR, 1906-7 - - to face 54
From the original painting at Guildhall by P. Tennyson Cole
SIR WILLIAM AND LADY TRELOAR RECEIVING THE FIRST
LITTLE PATIENTS AT THE RAILWAY-STATION, ALTON,
SEPTEMBER 8, 1908 - - to face 64
Drawn by G. L. Stampa from photographs
xxii LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
A FLEET STREET REVEL AT THE PRESS CLUB WITH VIS-
COUNT BURNHAM AND SlR W. H. DUNN ON SATURDAY,
FEBRUARY 9, 1907 - - to face 98
SKETCH FOR THE LORD MAYOR'S COACH - - no
from the drawing by E. T. Reed
DESIGN FOR THE SEND-OFF BANQUET TO H. BEERBOHM
TREE - - 121
COLONIAL PREMIERS AT GUILDHALL, APRIL 16, 1907 :
GENERAL BOTHA AND DR. JAMESON INTRODUCED TO
THE ALDERMEN - to face 124
From the drawing by Ernest Prater, by kind permission of the
editor of the " Graphic"
ROYAL SIGNATURES FROM MY AUTOGRAPH BOOK - - 127
ALL-HIGHEST! - 143
SOME AUTOGRAPHS OF FAMOUS MEN - 159
THE EDITOR, MR. PETT RIDGE, AND CONTRIBUTORS TO THE
SOUVENIR BOOK OF THE QUEEN'S FTE, AT THE MAN-
SION HOUSE ON THURSDAY, JUNE 13, 1907 - to face 164
From a drawing by A. L. Boyd
VISIT OF QUEEN ALEXANDRA TO ALTON IN JULY, 1912 168
PRINCESS MARY'S COLLECTING CARD ,, 170
"SANS Souci " PALACE, JUNE 20, 1907: BARON VON
REISCHBACH, LORD CHAMBERLAIN, AND CHIEF BURGO-
MASTER KIRCHNER - to face 182
THE FIRST LITTLE PATIENTS, SEPTEMBER, 1919, AT THE
PAVILION AT SANDY POINT, HAYLING ISLAND - to face 198
"ROSES, ROSES ALL THE WAY" - ,, 214
From the cartoon bv John Leech, by kind permission if the
proprietors of " Punch "
" OH, WHAT A FALL WAS THERE, MY COUNTRYMEN " to face 228
From the cartoon by John Leech, by kind permission oj the
proprietors of " Punch "
A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
I PROPOSE to set down in chronological order a record
of my civic doings day by day, and to make some
reference to the people with whom I came in contact
during my mayoralty from the 9th of November,
1906, to the 9th of November, 1907. Before I begin
the diary of my year of office I will try to give an
account of my civic career.
It was on St. Thomas's Day, the 2ist of December,
in 1 88 1, that I became a Common Councilman for
the Ward of Farringdon Without. The widening of
Ludgate Hill had been commenced in 1862, and some
of my neighbours, thinking it was now time that the
work should be finished, induced me to enter the Cor-
poration for the express purpose of calling attention
to the delay, and if possible of getting this much-
needed improvement completed.
I served for eleven years as a Common Councilman,
until the year 1892, when I became an Alderman; and
I had a very pleasant time. I enjoyed my term on
the " floor of the Court," and my close association
with the members of the Court of Common Council,
quite as much as the time I have spent since in the
Somehow or other, in the lower chamber, if there
are disagreements, as there must be, and one gets
the better of another in a dispute, when it is over it
4 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
is over; the men take the winning or losing as sports-
men ought to do, and no malice remains. This makes
the Court of Common Council an agreeable body to
belong to. Men who are subject to annual election
have robust opinions, and seldom or never do you
find amongst them any conspiracy of envy, hatred,
and malice. 1 sometimes wish I was a younger man,
when I might resign my present position, and enter
again in the running for a Common Councilman in
the largest and best ward in the City; but, alas !
perhaps the ratepayers would not elect a man of
seventy-seven; so, as a bird in the hand is said to be
worth two in the bush (I'm not sure that it always
is), I will e'en stay as I am, and take the consequences,
although by doing so I may perhaps disappoint one
or two of my friends.
Farringdon Without is the largest and best ward in
the City. Its boundaries are: in the west, the Law
Courts, including the Temple and Chancery Lane up
to Holborn; in the east, the Church of St. Martin's,
Ludgate; on the north, Holborn and the Central
Meat Market; and on the south, Whitefriars down to
The Ward takes its name from one William de
Farndone, or Farendon, citizen and goldsmith, three
times Mayor of the City; he purchased it in 1279 of
Ralph de Feure, it being then called the Ward of
Ludgate and Newgate; the Ward of Fleet Street was
afterwards added to it. In 1 393 the W T ard had become
so large as to necessitate its division by an order in
Parliament; and from that time the portion within
* It has been said that as Alderman of the Ward I represent
the World, the Flesh and the Devil i.e., Fleet Street, the home of
the newspaj-er press; the Central Meat Market ; and the Temple.
FARRINGDON WITHOUT 5
the walls has been called Farringdon Within, and that
outside the walls Farringdon Without.*
It is interesting to learn that the Spital Sermons
were for many years preached in this Ward viz.,
at the Church of St. Bride, Fleet Street. Stow says
that " time out of mind it hath been a laudable
custom " to preach these sermons during Easter at
Paul's Cross and at the Hospital of St. Mary Spital,
near Bishopsgate. From the Restoration till 1797
they were preached at St. Bride's, and since then at
Christ Church, Newgate Street. St. Bride's Church
was long noted for its chimes, and here the curfew was
anciently rung. When the bells were first put up,
about 1726, and for some years afterwards, Fleet
Street was frequently thronged with carriages, the
gentry coming from far and near to hear them rung.
Some poet has written :
" Bells of St. Bride's, wheresoever I be,
My heart in the night-time must travel to thee ;
They may say it is Cockney, and what not beside,
But I ne'er shall forget thee, Sweet Bells of St. Bride."
Some of the questions which were raised in the
Corporation during my membership of the Common
Council, and in which I took part may, I think, be
At this time 1881 when my neighbours asked
me to become a candidate, I was in the most blissful
state of ignorance as to the Corporation. I had heard
of the Court of Common Council, the Livery, Common
* Sir W. H. Dunn, the Lord Mayor at Christmas, 1916, very
kindly gave a specially printed copy of Stow's " London," which
gives an account of the Ward, to the members of the Corporation
and his friends. It is a volume which is indeed a real feast for
antiquaries, and was a very welcome Christmas present to those
who were favoured with a copy.
6 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Hall, and last, but not least, the Court of Aldermen;
but I knew none of the personnel of these bodies. I
did not then know who was Lord Mayor, nor was I
aware of the name of the Alderman of the Ward, or
of any other of its sixteen representatives. The only
official of the Ward known to me was the rate-collector,
and I hardly looked upon him as a personal friend.
However, 1 soon made the acquaintance of the
Common Councilmen, most of whom impressed upon
me the absolute necessity in my own interest of not
then prosecuting my candidature for the Ward; they
advised me to retire gracefully and come out next
year. I did not, however, take their advice; but I
went to the poll, with an excellent result, so far as I
There were other ratepayers in the Ward who, like
myself, had no knowledge of the Corporation and its
officials. I remember that shortly after I was elected
a gentleman called upon me and, after offering his
congratulations, told me that although his business,
which was a very large and successful one, had been
carried on in the Ward for a very long time, and he
was one of the largest ratepayers, yet he had never
received an invitation to any function such as the
Lord Mayor's Banquet. We had a pleasant con-
versation, from which I learnt that this large and
influential ratepayer had never taken the smallest
interest in the affairs of the Ward, he had never
attended any of the Wardmotes or other meetings,
and had therefore never voted for a candidate, or even
He eventually agreed with me that he was not in a
position to claim any recognition from those to whom
he himself had vouchsafed none; but that any invi-
ELECTIONEERING INCIDENTS 7
tations that were going about were due to those who
supported one or other of the candidates at the annual
elections, on St. Thomas's Day. I am afraid, even
now, there is not as much activity shown in muni-
cipal and even imperial matters as there ought to be
by many " large and influential " ratepayers.
The Ward had always been noted for its contests.
I believe " Orator Hunt " disturbed it in 1828 by
becoming a candidate; I did the same in 1881. I
remember some incidents during my canvass. I
called upon a certain baker who was considered to
be a " wire puller " of great importance. He came
up through a trap-door in his shop to receive me;
he was in his shirt-sleeves, and quite floury.
" Well," he said, " you're the carpet man, aren't
you, and you've called to ask for my vote, I suppose ?"
" Yes, sir," I replied.
" Well, look here, young feller," he said, " I've
never yet been to the banquet on the pth of November,
and if you will promise to get me an invitation to the
next one, I'll undertake to get you elected me and
the missis, of course, I mean."
I declined to give a promise; and he then said:
" Then I'm damned if I vote for you !"
I called then on a certain publican, who was also
a " wire puller." He was not in when I called; but
I had the pleasure of a chat with his third wife, and
left her in the bar parlour with her solemn promise
that the " old gentleman " should vote for me, for,
she said, " you're the best-looking one of the lot."
In the City Press of the 22nd of September, 1917,
Mr. Lidstone, a very well-known inhabitant of the
Ward, gives a description of the voting in the Ward
fifty years ago. Among the Ward-mote incidents he
8 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
tells how the Ballot Act had not been passed and the
Aldermen had to sit whilst the votes were recorded
openly. Once, when Sir James Duke was presiding,
a tree and independent elector approached, and, when
asked for whom he wished to vote, said: "I don't
know; it was a cove that stood me a quartern of
rum." The Alderman told the poll clerk to read the
names of the candidates to him; when the clerk
came to a certain name, " That's the cove as stood
the rum I votes for him," said the voter. "Take
the vote," said" the Alderman.
Ihe contest on the 2ist of December, 1881, was a
very rowdy, noisy affair; it was popularly called
' The 1-arringdon Derby." There were twenty can-
didates for sixteen places. The Corrupt Practices
Act was not then in force for City Municipal elections,
and much money was spent. That perhaps is why.
i was fortunate enough to be returned at the head
of the poll. A broadside, here reproduced, was
published during the election, which gave a prophecy
as to the position of the candidates. James Piggins
was at that time Alderman; he retired in 1882.
I made it my business after the election to issue
on my own account a circular letter to the electors in
the \\ ard, asking them to tell me whether they wished
to have the Ballot Act in force in the City or not.
The replies were: 632 in favour of the ballot, 327
against it, and 115 neutral.
On the 3oth of April, 1885, a petition of electors,
praying the Court of Common Council to take the
necessary steps to secure the adoption of the ballot
at all future contested elections for Common Council-
men of the City of London, was ordered to lie
ELECTION BY BALLOT 9
on the table votes 61 to 50. I voted in the
On the 7th of May, 1 886, a motion that all future
elections of members should be by ballot was defeated
by 77 votes to 57. I voted in the minority. Fortu-
nately, the Court eventually decided to follow my
example, and sent a circular to every voter in the
City, asking his opinion. The result was an over-
whelming consensus of opinion in favour of the Ballot,
and on the ist of July, 1886, I moved, and Mr. A.
Brookman seconded, the following resolution, which
was carried without a division, viz.:
" That inasmuch as a very large majority of
the Citizens are in favour of the ballot in such
elections in the City as are now conducted by
open voting, it be referred to the Local Govern-
ment and Taxation Committee to take such
steps as they are advised may be necessary for
giving practical effect to such opinion, by sub-
stituting vote by ballot for open voting wherever
practicable in the City."
So the Ballot Act came into work in the City.
The first contested election under this Act, in my
Ward, was on St. Thomas's Day, the 2ist of December,
1887, when I headed the poll with 1,044 votes.
Fifteen other candidates were elected as usual,
Mr. H. B. Marshall, the father of the late Lord Mayor,
being one of them.
The number of voters polling was certainly reduced,
and the proceedings altogether were not so lively or
amusing; but bribery and corruption were abolished,
or, at all events, we thought so.
One of the earliest functions I witnessed after my
10 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
election was the opening of Epping Forest, in 1882,
by Queen Victoria. 1 remember the Lord Mayor,
Sir \\hittaker Ellis, was on horseback on that occa-
sion, as was also another well-known citizen, Sir John
1 wore my mazarine gown, and felt very important,
but my pride had a fall. I went to a seat, but was
told by the custodian that 1 had come to the wrong
stand. For Common Councilmen the stand was over
the way; " this stand is for ladies and gentlemen."
Thirty-five years ago the members of the Corpora-
tion were very fond of taking excursions on the
Thames in the summer-time, i remember my first
voyage on the Maria Wood ; this was a barge used
frequently in the summer for taking the members of
the various committees, and their ladies, for river
trips. It started from Kew Bridge, and was towed
by horses up the river as far as Pope's Villa, then
occupied by Mr. Henry Labouchere. Maria was a
decked boat, and had a very roomy cabin, practically
the full length of the barge.
The gentlemen were all dressed in frock-coat suits,
and wore tall hats; dancing was carried on with
vigour and persistence almost immediately the boat
started. Refreshments were provided in variety and
profusion. There was a smaller boat, called " the
shallop," towed behind Maria, to which some of the
older men retired for cigars and other luxuries.
After plenty of exercise, a very good dejeuner was
served in the long cabin, and there also " plenty "
was the order of the day. Speeches, liqueurs, and
other pleasures followed, and so the day wore on. In
the evening members were landed again at Kew Bridge
to go home to ruminate on the doings of the day.
THE MARIA WOOD 1 1
I should not be surprised to hear that the expres-
sion " What cheer, 'Ria !" and perhaps the name
given to the City prison van, of " Black Maria,"
emanated from this barge. As I say, I remember
my first trip on this famous boat ; my friend the late
Sir Henry Knight was there with Lady Knight; and
I rather think my friend Sir Joseph Savory and Lady
Savory were of the party.
The Maria Wood was named after a daughter of
Matthew Wood, Lord Mayor 1815-1816, who was
a successful hop merchant, and represented the City
in nine successive Parliaments. He was a fierce
defender of Queen Caroline, George IV.'s unhappy
wife. In 1820 he was sitting in his counting-house
when an agent of the Duke of Kent, calling late on a
Saturday afternoon, asked him for the loan of 10,000.
The agent explained it was important, for reasons of
State, that the expected baby (afterwards Queen
Victoria) of the Duchess of Kent, who was then at
Ostend, should be born in England, and that H.R.H.
the Duke could not cross over unless he received that
sum of money to satisfy his more pressing creditors.
Mr. Wood promised to reply on Monday after consult-
ing his partners. The agent urged, however, that
the state of the Duchess's health admitted of no delay,
and that she ought to cross at once, so my grand-
father gave him the cheque.* Matthew Wood, who
died in 1 843, was created a baronet by Queen Victoria in
1 837, twenty-two years after he had been Lord Mayor.
On the ist of March, 1884, 1 moved in the Court of
Common Council :
* This anecdote is told by Sir Evelyn Wood, V.C., a grandson
of Sir Matthew Wood, in his book " From Midshipman to Field
Marshal." 1906. Vol. i., p. 2.
12 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
" That in the opinion of this Court it is desir-
able that, as regards the forthcoming loan exhibi-
tion of pictures in the Art Gallery, arrangements
should be made for the exhibition to be open on
Sunday afternoons, and that the Library Com-
mittee be instructed accordingly."
To this it was moved, " That the question be not
now put "; this was lost by 9 votes viz., 65 for my
motion, 56 against. It was then moved, " That the
debate be adjourned "; this was lost by 8 votes
64 to 56. It was then moved, " That this Court do
now adjourn "; this was lost by 11 votes 62 to 51.
It was then moved, " That it is undesirable that a
decision should be arrived at until the Library Com-
mittee have ascertained whether the people who had
lent pictures would consent to a Sunday exhibition,
and that it be referred to the Committee to ascertain
their views and report thereon "; this was defeated
by 12 votes 60 to 48. It was then moved, " That
the debate be adjourned "; this was defeated by 2
votes 50 to 48. The Court then adjourned.
At the next Court, on the 8th of March, twenty-
eight petitions were presented in favour of the opening
of the Guildhall Library, Museum, and Art Gallery
on Sundays, most of these petitions being from
labouring men's associations and societies. I moved
again on this day that the exhibition should be opened
on Sundays, and it was found that 88 voted for my
motion, and 88 against it.
The Lord Mayor, Sir George Tyler, thereupon gave
his casting vote in favour of my motion, and it was
resolved in the affirmative and ordered accordingly.
At the next Court, held on the 1 5th of March, it was,
however, moved, " That the minutes of the last
FOR A BRIGHTER SUNDAY 13
Court be amended, and that the name of A. C.
Morton, Esq., be inserted as voting against the motion,
and that the majority being for the negative, the
casting vote of the Lord Mayor be expunged." It
appeared from an explanation given by Mr. Morton
in his place, that, having inadvertently gone into the
wrong lobby, his vote had been recorded in the nega-
tive; that on discovering his mistake he applied to
the tellers, by whom the vote was erased, and his
vote recorded in the affirmative. On the motion
being put it was carried by a majority of 5 93 to 88.
Advantage was taken of Mr. Morton's mistake, and
so my motion was defeated. According to custom,
I could not raise the question again until the follow-
ing year; but where there's a will there's a way, and
I moved on the i2th of April, " That in the opinion
of this Court it is desirable that the exhibition should
be open to the public on alternate Sundays." This,
being different in form, was allowed.
It was moved that the question be not now put,
which was defeated by 4 votes 88 to 84. Then, and
at last, I won, carrying my motion by a majority of
8 87 to 79 votes, and the loan exhibition was opened
to the public on alternate Sundays.
Shortly afterwards viz., on the roth of March,
1896 Mr. Massey-Mainwaring, M.P., carried a
motion in the House of Commons, by 180 votes to
95, that the National Gallery and other Exhibitions
under Government control should be opened on
In the course of the debate Sir John Lubbock said
that " he had the honour of representing the Trustees
of the British Museum in that House, and they were
anxious to open the buildings in accordance with the
i 4 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
resolution now before the House. He admitted the
importance of evening opening; but they did not
think it any substitute for opening on Sundays. He
regarded the British Museum as one of the best
Sunday-schools in the country, for, owing to the vast
collection of antiquities that it contained, children
could be taught to understand their Bible better than
they could by any other means short of a visit to the
The vote, which showed a majority of 85, proved
what a change had taken place in public opinion on
this subject. In 1865 a similar motion to that of Mr.
Massey-Mainwaring was rejected by a majority of 328.
The National Sunday League can claim to have
done a great work in bringing about this change of
public opinion, and I think that body should be con-
gratulated upon the success of its efforts. Mr. Morrell
was the founder of the League ; he and the very able
Secretary of the League, Mr. Henry Mills, J.P.,
ex-Mayor of Islington, have done more than anyone
else known to me to make the League a force, and an
instrument in brightening the lives of the working-
classes of England. We in London especially know
the difference they have made. Thirty years- ago,
Sunday was often a day of particular gloom, with only
the public-houses to give their sort of cheer during
the hours when the churches and chapels were closed ;
but now it is an occasion for true recreation, with the
result of undoubted moral good. I was elected
President of the League on the 5th of January, 1893,
and am proud of still occupying that position after
more than twenty-five years of service.
I cannot resist making acknowledgment here of
a delightful tribute I enjoyed in April last at the
THE NATIONAL SUNDAY LEAGUE 15
Finsbury Town Hall, when, in the presence, on the
platform, of my daughter, with Sir William Dunn, Sir
Ernest E. Wild, K.C., Mr. Percival Clarke, Mr. Pett
Ridge, Mr. C. E. Lawrence, and others of my friends,
Lord Burnham, on behalf of the League, made me
a presentation of 1,000 for the furtherance of the
seaside branch of my hospital at Alton, and a silver
tea-service, which I shall treasure and my daughter
after me, as a souvenir of an association that has
been to me a very real source of joy. The occasion
so moved me that I did not make the speech I had
meant to make.
I jot down a few of the notable incidents of the
period when I was a Common Councilman.
The Lord Mayor, Mr. George Swan Nottage, Alder-
man of Cordwainer Ward, died on Saturday, the
nth of April, 1885.
He had gone to Brighton for Easter, and whilst
there attended a Volunteer Review on the Downs in
an open carriage; his death was, unfortunately, the
In accordance with precedent, a Common Hall was
at once called to elect an Alderman to be Lord Mayor
for the remainder of the term, that was until the
9th of November, 1885. The choice of the Livery
fell upon Sir Robert Nicholas Fowler, Bart., the im-
mediate past Lord Mayor.
The last case before this of a Lord Mayor dying in
his mayoralty occurred in 1770, when the famous
William Beckford, who was serving a second year,
died. His successor was the next Alderman on the
rota for the mayoralty, Mr. Barlow Trecothick.
Beckford was buried at Fonthills, but Mr. Nottage
1 6 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral. The funeral took
place on Saturday, the 1 8th of April, 1 885 . There was
a large attendance, and the ceremony was very im-
pressive. Amongst those present were H.R.H. the
Duke of Edinburgh and H.R.H. the Duke of Cam-
Nottage was the first, and is still the only Lord
Mayor buried in the present Cathedral, although
monuments are there to three citizens Hammond de
Chickwill, Sir John Poulteney, and Adam de Bury
all of whom had served the office of Mayor, though
none died during his year of office.
The inscription on the coffin was :
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE
GEORGE SWAN NOTTAGE
LORD MAYOR OF LONDON
BORN 16 NOVEMBER 1823
DIED ii APRIL 1885
" A man greatly beloved.
Daniel X Chapter n v.
The widow was graciously allowed to take the
same title, place, and precedence as she would have
done if her husband had been knighted. In her will
Lady Nottage expressed a wish to be buried in the
Cathedral with her husband ; but the authorities were
not able to comply with this wish.
On the 2oth of December, 1883, Sir John Bennett
moved, and Mr. J. Wheeler seconded, " That in the
opinion of the Court it is undesirable that the City
Corporation should remain the only Corporation in
the Kingdom where the Aldermanic veto can be
exercised." The previous question was moved, and
carried by 97 votes to 9. I was one of the nine.
TEMPLE BAR 17
On the 2nd of October, 1884, the new (and the
present) Council Chamber was first used for our
meetings. Mr. Deputy Fry was Chairman of the
Committee at the time, and it fell to him to bid fare-
well to the old room and give a welcome to the new,
into which we trooped.
On the 26th of February, 1885, it was resolved and
ordered, " That the Hall-keeper do arrange, on days
when the Court is sitting, to provide a room in Guild-
hall where members may take refreshments at their
S^On the 8th of October, 1885, a motion to have
Temple Bar erected in Battersea was unfortunately
On the 23rd of June, 1887, Temple Bar was given
to Sir H. Bruce Meux, Bt., to be erected at the en-
trance to Theobald's Park, Cheshunt. I shall never
cease to regret that this beautiful historic monument
was thereby lost to London.
On the 1 6th of February, 1882 I am rather going
backward in my dates, but never mind that Alder-
man Sir Francis Wyatt Truscott moved as follows in
the Court of Common Council, and it was carried:
" That it be referred to a Special Committee, con-
sisting of two aldermen and fifteen commoners, to be
now named, to consider the announcement in the
Queen's Speech having reference to the reform of the
Corporation of London, and the extension of Municipal
Government to the Metropolis, with instructions to
do therein as they may deem expedient, reporting from
time to time to this Court."
Sir Francis was elected Chairman of this Committee,
which certainly " did therein as they deemed ex-
1 8 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
pedient," with the result that certain charges were
brought under the notice of the House of Commons
by Mr. George Howell, the Labour leader and Member
for Bethnal Green, and Mr. Bradlaugh, the famous
Member for Northampton, " alleging improper use
and malversation of Public Funds of the Corporation
of London by or with the consent of members and
officials of such Corporation."
A Select Committee of the House of Commons was
appointed in March, 1887. It sat for some thirteen
days, under the presidency of the Marquis of Harting-
ton, and examined many witnesses, including the
following members and officials of the Corporation,
viz., Aldermen Sir Francis Truscott and Sir Robert
Nicholas Fowler, M.P.; Mr. T. Loveridge, C.C.;
Mr. E. J. Stoneham, C.C.; Mr. Benjamin Scott
(Chamberlain); Mr. Gabriel Prior Goldney (Remem-
brancer); Sir John B. Monckton (Town Clerk);
Mr. H. Crawford (City Solicitor); and Mr. W. J.
Soulsby (Private Secretary to the Lord Mayor).
I remember I paid a visit on the ist of April, 1887,
to the House of Commons Committee Room on the
pressing invitation of Mr. Stoneham, C.C., to hear
him examined, and to see how he would get the better
of Mr. Bradlaugh, who was to examine him.
Alas, poor Stoneham ! He got much the worst
of it. Bradlaugh, who was very courteous and equally
clear-headed, most patient but very pertinacious,
seemed to me to dominate every one in the room,
even from the Noble Marquis in the chair to the poor,
limp, frightened witness.
It was proved that the Special Committee of the
Corporation had expended 19,550 TOS. lod. in
extravagant and excessive advertising; in employing
THE LONDON COUNTY COUNCIL 19
agents without any proper supervision; and that
these agents had used the money given to them for
improper and indefensible purposes.
The report of the Committee was that " On a review
of the whole circumstances we are of opinion that the
charge of malversation has not been sustained, but
that improper use of a portion of the funds derived
from the City's Estate has been proved."
This was in 1887. On the 8th of May, 1888, a
motion to place the Corporation of the City under
statutory restrictions with regard to expenditure,
similar to those imposed upon other municipalities,
was negatived by a narrow majority in the House of
On the i /th of January, 1889, the first election of
members to the newly constituted London County
Council took place. Sir John Lubbock, M.P., and
Lord Rosebery were returned for the City; Mr. John
Burns, Mr. Augustus Harris, Sir Reginald Hanson,
Mr. E. Lawson, M.P., Lady Sandhurst, and Miss
Cobden, were also elected. The first meeting was
held on the 3ist of January. Sir John Lubbock
presided. The Council adjourned to the 5th of
February in order to consider the election of Alder-
men all but one of the nineteen Aldermen co-opted
being " Progressives," as the Radicals then called
themselves (it is said that self-praise is no recom-
mendation, but I think it is decidedly so when you are
in the majority). On the 7th of February Sir John
Lubbock wrote to the Corporation asking for the use
of the Guildhall for their meetings for three months.
This permission was, of course, given; and at the
Guildhall, on the i2th of February, Lord Rosebery
was chosen Chairman, Sir John Lubbock, M.P.,
20 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Vice-Chairman, and Mr. Bottomley Firth, Deputy
Chairman with a salary of 2,000 a year.
In 1893 still another Royal Commission was
appointed to attack or abolish the old Corporation,
the reference to it being " To consider the proper
conditions under which the amalgamation of the
City and the County of London can be eft'ected, and
to make specific and practical proposals for that
purpose." Mr. Leonard Courtney, M.P., afterwards
Lord Courtney of Penwith, presided over twenty-nine
sittings of this Commission, and their report indicated
how the proposed amalgamation should take place.
It should be noted that the reference was not to
give a verdict on the matter, but to pronounce sen-
tence. Sir Edward Clarke, always to the fore when
the City of London wanted help, made a splendid
speech in the House of Commons against the appoint-
ment of this Commission. I need not say how
doughty a champion the City has had at all times in
No action was taken by the Government upon the
report of the Commission until, on the 3rd of March,
1899, the " London Government Bill " was intro-
duced and passed.
By this Bill the present Metropolitan Boroughs,
twenty-eight in number, were created; and the old
Corporation of the City of London has very properly
become the fatherly friend of these younger munici-
palities, and the acknowledged head of Civic
If I remember rightly, the first Mayor of the im-
portant Borough of Camberwell, the late Deputy
Matthew Wallace, was then a prominent member of
the City Corporation.
A BREACH OF CUSTOM 21
On the 29th of September, 1883, Mr. Alderman
Hadley (Castle Baynard Ward) was senior on the
rota for Lord Mayor, and was elected by the Livery
in Common Hall with Mr. Robert Nicholas Fowler,
for the choice, as is the custom, of the Court of Alder-
men. The Court selected the latter, and the Livery-
men were very indignant and noisy about it. On the
Hustings Fowler said: " I came here this morning
without the smallest notion or idea that this high
honour would be conferred upon me. I came here
because I felt it my duty in a crisis like this not to
be absent from the election of a Lord Mayor of London ;
and without any hesitation I say that I felt that the
judgment of the Livery ought to be respected, and
accordingly, in my place on the Court of Aldermen,
I gave my vote for Mr. Alderman Hadley. My
brethren of the Court of Aldermen have arrived at
a different conclusion; they have conferred on me
the high office of Lord Mayor, and I feel that I have
no other course to pursue than, unexpected as the
honour is, to accept; but I do so most reluctantly, I
bow to their judgment, and take upon myself the
high honour of the office of Lord Mayor for the year
In the evening the Lord Mayor gave a dinner at
the Mansion House to his brethren of the Court of
Aldermen and their ladies to meet the Lord Mayor
Elect and the new Alderman of Langbourn Ward,
Mr. Joseph Savory, who had been received by the
Court of Aldermen that morning, and sworn in.
Actually it was possible for Mr. Savory to have been
selected by the Livery instead of Mr. Fowler, in which
case he would have been chosen for Lord Mayor on
the same day that he was elected Alderman. What
22 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
a record it would have been Sheriff in 1882; Alder-
man, 1883; Lord Mayor, 1883 even beating that of
John Wilkes, who was Alderman in 1771, Sheriff in
1773, and Lord Mayor in 1774.
Hadley retired in 1884 from the Court of Aldermen,
and died in 1890.
Mr. Polydore De Keyser was for some years a
Common Councilman for the Ward of Farringdon
Without. He was a Belgian, but had become a
naturalised British subject. He founded a large
and prosperous hotel on the Embankment De
When James Figgins resigned his position as Alder-
man in April, 1882, De Keyser became a candidate;
he was elected on the pth of May. There were two
other candidates, and the poll which was taken dis-
closed the following result :
Polydore de Keyser . . . . . . 902
H. W. Waterlow . . . . . . 662
H. B. Marshall . . . . 83
A petition against his return was lodged on the
ground of disqualification, through his being an alien
born and a licensed innkeeper. Mr. Waterlow claimed
The case against his return was argued by Mr.
Edward Clarke, Q.C., M.P., and Mr. H. A. Farman.
Sir Hardinge Giffard, Q.C., M.P., (afterwards Lord
Halsbury), and Mr. Muir Mackenzie appeared for
Mr. de Keyser, and pointed out that in 1705 Sir J.
Parsons, Alderman of Bassishaw, was the licensee of
the Red Lion public-house; that Alderman Kennett
of Cornhill was a wine merchant in 1 707 ; that Sir T.
Rawlinson, Alderman of Farringdon Without, 1686,
TO WIDEN LUDGATE HILL 23
kept the Mitre Hotel in Fenchurch Street. He cited
many other instances of Lord Mayors who were
publicans when elected Aldermen. He also referred
to several instances of Aldermen who were the sons
of natives of Germany, Italy, Flanders, Alderney,
Jamaica, and France.
Judgment was given by the Court of Aldermen on
the 27th of June, 1882, viz., that " The objections
were overruled, and that the return was valid, and
Mr. De Keyser was called in and sworn."
Three days before this he had been elected Sheriff
by the Livery in Common Hall, and had as his
colleague Mr. Joseph Savory. De Keyser was Lord
Mayor in 1887, being the first Roman Catholic to be
elected to that position since the Reformation. He
was knighted at the conclusion of his year of office
.in 1888. He resigned his gown in 1892 on account
of deafness (when I succeeded him). He died on the
1 4th of January, 1898.
It was on the loth of February, 1891, that I was
fortunate enough to induce the Commissioners of
Sewers to pass a resolution which practically com-
pleted the improvement of Ludgate Hill. It had
taken more than a quarter of a century to accomplish
by degrees the widening of this important thorough-
I said at the time, and I repeat now, that a still
further useful improvement would be accomplished
if the north side of St. Paul's Churchyard could be
thrown open to vehicular traffic. This could be done
at a trifling cost by removing the railings, and making
some other slight alterations. As far back as 1868
the Metropolitan Board of Works considered this
24 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
would be desirable, and negotiations for carrying it
out were entered into by the Commissioners of Sewers
with the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's. The Cathe-
dral authorities, however, objected to the proposal,
and, therefore, no action has been taken in the
It was intended that when the railway bridge across
Ludgate Hill was built there should be stairs leading
up from the street and a footway over the viaduct.
By the original plan a footway was to be constructed
beside the bridge, by which passengers might cross
the street without going on the roadway, the bridge
was to be reached by an enclosed staircase on each
side in much the same manner as that which leads
up to the Holborn Viaduct from Farringdon Street.
That this was the intention is shown by the fact that
the houses on each side of the Viaduct have been set
back; but the railway company were somehow or
other allowed to escape this expense.
On the 9th of February, 1892, I was elected Chair-
man of the Commissioners of Sewers a body quite
separate and apart from the Corporation, although
all the members of it were chosen from and by the
The duties of the Commission were of a very im-
It was the rating authority for the City, and had
to see to all matters connected with the widening of
thoroughfares, the cleansing of the streets, lighting,
paving and drainage, sewerage, etc.
Whilst I was Chairman of the Commission, on the
3rd of June, 1892, I was unanimously elected Alder-
man for the Ward of Farringdon Without on the
retirement of Sir Polydore De Keyser.
ELECTED ALDERMAN 25
I was received and sworn in at a Court of Aldermen
on the i6th of June, 1892.
After taking the Oath of Allegiance and signing the
book, I was, as usual, taken round the Court to be
introduced to each of the Aldermen, and I remember
that Sir George Faudel Phillips' words of welcome
were, " Treloar, if you were my size and I was yours,
I'd give you a damned good hiding!" which was,
I think, a very good welcome.
The Commissioners very graciously altered the
hour of their meeting from one to two o'clock, so
that I could attend the meetings of the Court of
Aldermen which are usually held at one o'clock on
I might here note some interesting facts relating
to the value of rubbish, derived from my experiences
while on the Commission.
The dust and refuse collected from the streets of
the City, in the year 1892, when sifted and sorted,
produced various marketable commodities, which
were sold for a total of 1,171 i6s. 6d., made up as
follows viz., bottles, i 1 6 i2S.6d.; glass, 105 6s. 2d.;
boots, 6 75. 3d.; knives, i 8 1 93. od.; iron, 66 95. 3d.;
corks, 32 45. od.; string, 190 75. 6d.; paper,
437 95. 8d.; rags, 39 93. id.; metals, 91 43. 7d.;
tins, 18; oddments, 10 8s. 8d.; bones, 38 8s. lod.
Many articles of value were from time to time
found in the rubbish, and many letters, some con-
The Commissioners of Sewers were abolished by
the City of London Sewers Act of Parliament of
1897, which came into operation in the January
of the following year. The work formerly carried
26 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
on by them is now done by certain committees,
forming the Public Health Department of the
To turn to the social side of life for a moment.
In 1892 I had the pleasure of becoming a member of
the Savage Club, of which I am now a Trustee. It
is a club second to none for the right spirit of happy
fellowship, and it was often my practice, as still it is,
to find refreshment of mind from the strain of business
and municipal affairs in the good comradeship and
bright talk of my brother Savages. It was my
custom every year to entertain to dinner there certain
of my colleagues in the Corporation. The accom-
panying menu, drawn by my old friend, John
Proctor, illustrates one such gathering in 1894. The
guests here portrayed are Sir George Tyler, Lord
Mayor, Sir George Faudel Phillips, Sir John Voce
Moore, Sir Joseph Dimsdale, Sir Reginald Hanson,
I was unanimously elected Sheriff, with Mr. Alfred
Bevan, on the 24th of June, 1899; and on the 2oth
of September the inhabitants of my Ward presented
me with my shrieval chain and badge.
On the 29th of September we gave a luncheon to
our friends at Merchant Taylors' Hall, kindly lent to
us by the Court of that Worshipful Company. This
customary function was discontinued during the War,
but was resumed in 1919.
I remember making my first public speech at the
Mansion House on the 2ist of October, 1896, when I
proposed the Navy and Army at a dinner given by
the Lord Mayor (Sir Walter Wilkin) to the winners
of the Elcho Challenge Shield. I have made many
speeches there since.
Sir Alfred Newton was elected on the 29th of Sep-
tember, 1 899, to be Lord Mayor for the year ensuing.
On Sunday, the i7th of December, he invited me
to the Mansion House to meet Colonel Boxall, Sir
W. Soulsby, and my co-Sheriff, Alfred Bevan, and
as a result I went that same day to Mercers' Hall to
ascertain where and when I might be able to see the
Worshipful Master, Mr. Lane-Claypon, with the
object of inducing the Mercers, the Premier Company,
to subscribe to the Lord Mayor's Fund for sending
out to South Africa, to take part in the Boer War, a
regiment to be called the City Imperial Volunteers.
I saw Mr. Lane-Claypon the next day, with the result
that the Mercers' Company subscribed 5,000. The
Fund was very successful, the amount obtained being
117,893 175. lod.
Sir Alfred Newton was much congratulated and
thanked by the citizens for his prompt action in this
matter, and he earned it. My co-Sheriff and I did
our best to help the Lord Mayor in his very successful
efforts to raise, equip, and despatch the C.I.V., as
they came to be called. We assisted in enrolling the
men, and accompanied the Lord Mayor on more than
one occasion to Southampton to witness the embarka-
tion and to wish God Speed and Good Luck to those
soldiers of the City. The last contingent left the
Albert Docks on the 3rd of February, 1900, by the
Queen Victoria drove to the City on the 8th of
March, 1900, by way of the Embankment, just for a
drive round " a joy ride." A stone tablet has been
placed on the Embankment recording the fact that
28 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
on that spot, the Boundary of the City, Her Majesty
was received by the Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, and Cor-
poration. Sir Alfred Newton presented the pearl
sword, as usual; and two days afterwards he received
the following letter from the Marquis of Salisbury:
" FOREIGN OFFICE,
" loih March, 1900.
" MY DEAR LORD,
" Her Majesty yesterday informed me that it
was her gracious intention to confer a Baronetcy on
your Lordship and a Knighthood on each of the two
"In doing so she has not only resolved to follow
the custom which has prevailed in reference to Royal
visits to the City, but she has desired to mark her
sense of the distinguished services which the City of
London has rendered to the Empire within the last
" Believe me, my dear Lord,
" Yours very truly,
" To THE RT. HON. THE LORD MAYOR."
On the 28th of March I received the following
" HOME OFFICE,
"March 28th, 1900.
" The Queen will confer the honour of knight-
hood upon you at Windsor to-morrow, March 29th.
You should travel by the train leaving Paddington
at 1.5, and should wear ordinary morning dress
(frock coat). Luncheon will be served at the Castle.
1 Kindly acknowledge the receipt of this commu-
" Believe me,
" Yours faithfully,
" J. A. LONGLEY.
" MR. ALDERMAN AND SHERIFF TRELOAR."
I went to Paddington in accordance with this
letter, and found my colleague Bevan on the platform.
A royal carriage met us at Windsor Station and took
us to the Castle. We were the only guests. We
lunched with the Lords and Ladies-in- Waiting, and
I remember, amongst other dishes, we had a very nice
beefsteak pudding, which was, if not royal, certainly
toothsome and satisfying, and reminded me of the
Cheshire Cheese puddings of my youth.
After lunch we were taken to the Queen, one at a
time. I, as Senior Sheriff, went in first. The Queen
was sitting in a very low chair, and several Equerries
and Lords and Ladies stood behind her. I think
Princess Beatrice was there too. I had been duly
instructed, and a cushion was properly placed for
me to kneel upon. I kissed hands, and someone said,
" Mr. William Treloar," whereupon the Equerry gave
Her Majesty her sword, with which she lightly
touched me on each shoulder, and said, as if correcting
him, " Sir William Treloar." I then rose, and backed
out as well as I could. The door was closed a little
while, and then Bevan was taken in and done for
in the same way.
We then went into another room and chatted with
Dr. Reid, the Queen's medical attendant, and some
others. He asked me my height, and said Her
Majesty had asked him the question.
30 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
The carriage then took us to the station, and, having
duly tipped the footman, who saluted me as " Sir
John " and Bevan, whose Christian name is Alfred,
as " Sir James," we returned to London Knight
Bachelors. My wile that morning left London for
Bournemouth, and I calculated that, although she
was Mrs. Treloar at Waterloo Station, she was Lady
Treloar by the time she reached Bishopstoke. I sent
her the following telegram to Bournemouth, " Opera-
tion successfully performed; both doing well/' which
upset Bevan, who seemed to have an idea that we
might be " unknighted " if it became known that I
treated the matter in such a way.
Queen Victoria was not always in the humour to
confer knighthoods upon the Sheriffs of London, as
may be seen from her letter to Sir John Russell, dated
the 1 5th of July, 1851 :
" The Queen has received Lord John Russell's
letter. She has no objection on this particular
occasion to knight the two Sheriffs, this year being so
memorable a one; but the Queen would wish it to be
clearly understood that they have no right or claim
to be knighted whenever the Queen goes into the
City. On the occasion of the opening of the Royal
Exchange the Sheriffs were not knighted."*
Sir Charles Hall, Recorder, died on the pth of
March, 1900, and Sir Forrest Fulton, Common Ser-
geant, succeeded him, and Mr. A. Bosanquet was
elected Common Serjeant.
In February, I dined at Brewers' Hall, in Addle
Street, where w r e had strong beer in loving-cups.
* " The Letters of Queen Victoria," vol. ii., p. 387. John
LORD MAYOR ELECT 31
Bevan, who was a partner in Barclay and Per kins <
Brewery business, told me that the Brewers' Com-
pany had not had a dinner in this hall for nine years.
Sir Alfred Newton became a Parliamentary candi-
date for Southwark during his mayoralty. I went
with him to a very rowdy meeting on the ist of
October, 1900. Lord George Hamilton spoke for
Sir Alfred. Harry Newton, the Lord Mayor's son,
was assaulted by some roughs at this meeting, and
had his head knocked through a thick glass door.
I took him to St. Thomas's Hospital to have his
wounds dressed. Newton did not get in. The poll
showed the following result viz.:
Causton, R. K. .. .. ..2,893
Newton, Sir A. J. .. .. .. 2,763
In August, 1900, I went for a holiday to Sweden
and Finland, and came home through Germany. I
got home on the roth of September, and gave up the
position of Sheriff on the 28th. Six years afterwards
I was elected Lord Mayor.
LORD MAYOR ELECT, 1906
To everyone but the chief actor the election of a
Lord Mayor must be an interesting and picturesque
The Lord Mayor comes at noon on the 29th of
September from the Mansion House in state, with
sword and mace, to the Guildhall to take part in the
election of his successor. A procession, consisting of
the Lord Mayor, the Aldermen, Sheriffs, Under-
Sheriffs, high officers and officials, all in Court dress,
fully robed, and each carrying a nosegay, walk to the
32 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Church of St. Lawrence, Jewry, where a short service
is held. Afterwards the election takes place in the
The Liverymen, the electors, are assembled there
in force. They are the members of the various City
companies or guilds, numbering about 8,000, who
constitute a very important electorate, quite apart
and distinct from the ratepayers; and for position,
wealth, influence, and intelligence, they will compare
very favourably with any other constituency in the
kingdom. It is their right and duty to elect two
Aldermen who have served the office of Sheriff, in order
that the Court of Aldermen may select one of the two
to be Lord Mayor for the ensuing year. I was elected
with Sir John Bell, and the Court of Aldermen selected
me for Lord Mayor.
Before the election the Lord Mayor issues invita-
tions for a dinner during the War it was a lunch
to " meet the Lord Mayor elect." There is, they
say, many " a slip 'twixt the cup and the lip," and
I have known two instances when some of the Alder-
men who had accepted the invitation to dine or
lunch with the Lord Mayor were not present. The
absentees, it is presumed, were very much upset
that they had not succeeded in their efforts to upset
The Lord Mayor of London is chosen in quite a
different manner from that adopted by any other
municipality in the kingdom. Instead of being elected
by the members of the Corporation, or Council, who
may, and often do, for political party reasons choose
someone who has never done suit or service to the
town, the Lord Mayor can be chosen only from those
who have served an apprenticeship of some years to
HIS MAJESTY'S APPROVAL 33
the Corporation. He must first be elected an Alder-
man by the ratepayers of the Ward, and accepted and
sworn in by the Court of Aldermen ; then he must have
served the office of Sheriff, to which position he has
to be elected by the Liverymen, and afterwards
approved by the Sovereign.
Then, and not till then, is he eligible to ask the
Liverymen to elect him as Lord Mayor; the Court of
Aldermen afterwards again having the power to
refuse him, the approval of the Sovereign being again
necessary before he can take office.
On the 24th of October, 1906, I attended at the
House of Lords, accompanied by some of the Alder-
men, the two Sheriffs, the Under-Sheriffs, the high
officers and officials, and there to the Prince's Chamber
came in state the Lord Chancellor (Lord Loreburn),
to whom the Recorder (Sir Forrest Fulton) presented
me in an eloquent and very kindly speech. Lord
Loreburn congratulated me on my election, saying that
it must be a source of proud satisfaction to me to
recall the fact that in the hour of my election to the
greatest civic dignity in the world, I had not forgotten
the claims of the most helpless of suffering humanity.
In conclusion, he said he might without presumption
express the confident hope that my tenure of office
would add lustre to the position to which I had been
He said he had it in command from the King to
signify His Majesty's gracious approval of the choice
made by my fellow-citizens. He then shook hands
with me, and drank my health in a loving-cup be-
decked with flowers, which, after I had drunk his
health, circulated to those present. There were, in
fact, two cups; one contained red, the other white
34 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
wine, spiced and warmed, and there were also bis-
cuits. I believe the Lord Mayor pays for these deli-
cacies and also gives a fee of 2 los. to the Lord
That evening I gave my presentation dinner, or, as
some call it, " inaugural banquet," at Goldsmiths'
Hall, which was kindly lent to me by the PrimeWarden
and Court of that Worshipful Company. My guests
on this occasion were the Aldermen, Sheriffs, high
officers and Under-Sheriffs, and some personal friends.
On the 8th of November a luncheon took place at
the Mansion House, the invited guests being the
Aldermen, Sheriffs, high officers, Under-Sheriffs, and
other officials, the members of the Courts of the
Cutlers' and Loriners' Companies, those being the
Companies to which the Lord Mayor and I belonged.
This luncheon was given on our joint invitation, and
we shared the expense of it according to the number
of guests we each invited.
After luncheon we went in state to the Guildhall
for the ceremony of installation, going first to the
Aldermen's Court-room, where the Lord Mayor made
a farewell speech to his brethren, and thanked them
for their help during his year of office. The procession
then went into the Great Hall, where a large company,
including a great many ladies, had assembled. After
we had taken our seats the Town Clerk, making three
obeisances as he walked up and retired, read to me
the declaration according to the Promissory Oaths
Act, 1868. I repeated it after him, and afterwards
signed it. The outgoing Lord Mayor thereupon sur-
rendered his seat to me, and took his place on my
left. Then the Chamberlain (Sir Joseph Dimsdale)
presented the Sceptre (called the Crystal Mace) to the
THE CEREMONY OF INSTALLATION 35
outgoing Lord Mayor, who handed it to me, and the
same was done by the Chamberlain with the seal and
the purse ; all these symbols of office, after being first
given to me, were then placed on cushions on the
The same ceremony was performed by the sword-
bearer and the mace-bearer (Major Ker-Fox and
Colonel Kearns), the sword and mace being left on the
table. All these insignia of office were then taken
back by the various officers after they had received
them from me.
Each officer as he advanced and retired made three
obeisances. The Comptroller then presented to me
some documents, one of them being the agreement
for the payment to me, in quarterly instalments, of
10,000 in lieu of all fees, which I promptly signed.
The outgoing Lord Mayor then delivered to me the
keys of the City Seal, etc. The Aldermen, Sheriffs,
high officers, and other officials in proper rotation
then shook my hand, and offered me their congratu-
lations, and I went back to the Mansion House with
my predecessor. This ceremony at Guildhall takes
place every year, and is conducted as it has always
been, in a very medieval way, accompanied by the
blowing of trumpets, as in olden times. It is well
worth seeing, and as admittance to it is quite free,
no invitation or ticket being required, I am sur-
prised that more people do not attend it.
The chain of office and the jewel are not handed
over to the incoming Lord Mayor on this occasion.
It was on the following morning that I received these.
Their history is curious, and so interesting that I
venture to tell it.
The chain of office of the Lord Mayor is a most
beautiful Collar of SS, one of the finest as well as
earliest known to be in existence, and has formed
part of the City insignia for over three and a half
centuries. Its history, unlike that of the maces and
swords, is quite clear throughout. It was bequeathed
to the Lord Mayor for the time being, and his suc-
cessors by Sir John Aleyn, citizen and Mercer, who was
Lord Mayor in i 525-1526, and again in 1535-1536. He
died about August, 1 545 , and a condition of the gift was
that the Lord Mayor and his successors should " come
yerely to myne obytte in the Mercers' Chapell," or
the Collar was to be returned to his executors of " such
like waight, fynes of golde and vallue as it is now
delyuerid." No mention of the Jewel is made in the
donor's will, and it was not until 1558 that Sir Martin
Bowes, Lord Mayor in i 545, gave for a pendant to the
Collar a gold cross or jew r el set with pearls and pre-
cious stones. In 1607 a new jewel was offered for
sale to the city by Richard Gosson, goldsmith, which
was bought for 480; this displaced the jewel given
by Sir Martin Bowes, which was not to be sold, but
kept " as a remembrance of him that gave it." It
has, however, long since disappeared, and nothing
whatever is known of its history subsequent to its
disuse. So far as can be ascertained from the evi-
dence of portraits, etc., the jewel bought in 1607 has
substantially continued to be worn down to the
present day. It was probably during the reign of
Henry VII. that the chiefs of the King's Bench, the
Common Pleas, and the Exchequer were decorated by
the Sovereign with the Collar of SS, which is now
worn as the insignia of office by the Lord Chief Justice
of England. The City records do not state by what
royal authority the Lord Mayor is entitled to use the
THE JEWEL AND CHAIN OF OFFICE.
38 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Collar, nor is it known under what circumstances Sir
John Aleyn became the holder of a Collar of SS, but
Dr. Purey-Cust, Dean of York, was probably right in
assuming that the Chief Magistrate obtained the
Royal sanction to add it to the insignia of office, of
which it has since formed so conspicuous an orna-
ment. The Collar is 5 feet 4^ inches long, if inches
wide, and consists of twenty-eight letters S, fourteen
roses, thirteen knots and one portcullis (the badge of
John of Gaunt, founder of the Beaufort family), and
weighs 40 ounces avoirdupois. Many conjectures
have been made as to the origin and meaning of the
Collar, but as yet no definite solution has been found.*
The jewel, or " Diamond Badge," as it is called,
measures 3! inches in length by 3^ inches in width.
It consists of an onyx cameo set in gold, and carved
with the arms, crest, supporters, and motto of the
City, with the cap of maintenance in chief; this is
encircled by a buckled band of dark blue enamel,
garnished with small diamonds, and inscribed, also
in diamonds, with the City motto: " Domine dirige
nos." Surrounding the whole is a wreath of eight
roses, with the thistle and shamrock intertwined,
composed of 219 brilliants and 24 rose diamonds, all
set in silver. The loop for suspension is also set with
nine small brilliants. On the gold back of the jewel
are engraved the City armorial ensigns, as on the
front. The wreath of roses, thistles, and shamrocks
only dates from 1880, when the jewel was reset.
When not used as a pendant to the Collar of SS, the
jewel is worn suspended from a dark blue ribbon.
Directly I became Lord Mayor Elect I went with
* " The Collar of SS, a History and a Conjecture," by Arthur
P. Purey-Cust, D.D., Dean of York, JQIO. p. 30.
RULES OF THIS HAU.
gvlfXK MOT. UE MOT
jo A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
the General Purposes Committee to inspect the
Mansion House, by permission of the Lord Mayor,
to see if there were any suggestions I wished to make.
This Committee has the power to spend money to
meet the wishes of the incoming Lord Mayor, it some-
times is extravagant, sometimes the reverse; I do not
know by what rule it is guided. I was much inter-
ested in the various rooms. The chimney-piece in
the servants' hall is noteworthy, and records the
name of the first Lord Mayor who resided in the
Mansion House, Sir Crisp Gascoyne, whose great-
granddaughter was the mother of the Fourth Marquis
of Salisbury. The kitchens are good; they are lofty,
brick-vaulted, and well ventilated. The cellarage
also is excellent, and ample. I was able to have my
own cellar accommodation there some years before
I was elected Lord Mayor. The Mansion House is
probably the only house in the kingdom used as a
residence, as a Court of Justice, and as a prison. It
is looked at from different points of view by different
people. There is a story of a man and woman passing
it on a bus. She was heard to say, " What place is
that, Bill ?" He replied, " That is the Mansion
House, where I got my fourteen days."
The site upon which it stands was originally one of
the markets of London, called the Stocks Market,
which took its name from a pair of stocks erected
there for the punishment of offenders in the year
It was here, in the open place, that Robert Vyner,
Lord Mayor, erected in 1675 an equestrian statue of
Charles II. trampling on Oliver Cromwell at all
events, that is what Vyner called it; but when he
bought it, it represented John Sobieski, King of
THE STATUE AT NEWBY HALL, RIPON.
This statue stood on the site of the Mansion House in 1737.
To face p. 40
THE VYNER STATUE 41
Poland, trampling on a Turk. It was altered and
put up by this loyal Lord Mayor, who was afterwards
made a baronet by a grateful Sovereign.
This statue was taken down to make room for the
Mansion House to be built in 1738. It remained in
an inn yard in Aldersgate Street until 1779, when, by
a resolution of the Court of Common Council, it was
given to Mr. Robert Vyner, a descendant of the
clever Lord Mayor, and it is now standing in the
park at Newby Hall, Ripon, where I have seen it.
I was allowed to take a photograph of it, which I
Now ior the doings of Friday the pth of November.
There is so much to tell, and I am so anxious to record
the play and the events of " the day " without being
prolix and wearisome, that I feel I am facing a diffi-
culty as great as was that of playing the part
We did not take up our residence at the Mansion
House until Thursday the 22nd of November; but
lived at De Keyser's Royal Hotel from the gth. Of
course I was up very early on the pth; but I made
up for it by going very late to bed not quite follow-
ing the Charles Lamb tradition. At about 1 1 o'clock
I appeared at Guildhall where a " light breakfast "
was ready for the Aldermen, Sheriffs, the officers, and
others who were doomed to be in the show. A light
breakfast it may be called, but I think a " heavy
luncheon " would be the correct name for it. The
42 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
procession made a start shortly after u, and I, who
came last, reached the Law Courts about 2 o'clock.
My carriage stopped in the Central Markets, where an
address in a beautifully bound album containing the
names of the subscribers, was presented to me by
the late Mr. William Cooper on behalf of the Market
tenants of the Corporation. A splendid gold loving-
cup, specially designed and manufactured by Elking-
ton, accompanied the album. I drank from the cup
that same evening at Guildhall to some of my friends.
Again, at St. Sepulchre's Church, in Holborn, my
carriage stayed a minute in order that I might receive
a presentation from the hands of the senior church-
warden, the late Thomas Simpson, on behalf of his
fellow-parishioners, consisting of an address, accom-
panied by a silver inkstand, a pair of candlesticks,
and a carriage clock.
Opposite to my premises on Ludgate Hill further
presentations were made to me. One was made by
the late W. Bland, representing the staff of Treloar
and Sons; he referred to the fact that many of the
signatories had, like himself, served the firm for more
than fifty years. A beautiful silver rose bowl accom-
panied the address. My friend, the Hon. Harry
Lawson, M.P., now Viscount Burnham, acted as
spokesman for an address from the electors of my
Ward, and referred in sympathetic terms to my en-
deavours to help crippled children. Then came
another address of congratulation from the parish-
ioners of St. Bride, whose spokesman was the Vicar,
my friend the late Rev. W. C. Heaton. At the Law
Courts I signed the following declaration before the
Lord Chief Justice (Lord Alverstone) and Justices
Ridley and Darling:
THE DECLARATION 43
11 I, the Lord Mayor, Sir William Purdie Tre-
loar, Knight, do solemnly and sincerely declare
that I will faithfully perform the duties of my
office as Lord Mayor of the City of London."
After I had signed this the document was handed
to the King's Remembrancer. The Recorder then
read a warrant from the Mayor, commonalty, and
citizens of London, appointing their attorney to sue,
prosecute, defend and lay claim to all their liberties,
etc., in the King's Bench Division, which was after-
wards read by the King's Remembrancer.
The Recorder prayed their Lordships that this
warrant might be recorded. The Lord Chief Justice
then said: " Let the warrant be recorded." The
Judges were then asked by the Recorder to honour
the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs with their presence at
the banquet at Guildhall in the evening, and the Lord
Chief Justice answered: " Some of us will attend."
I was delighted to see in the Court my dear friend
Sir Edward Clarke in his wig and gown; the sight
of him cheered me and gave me courage. It was like
him to be there.
Lord Alverstone, when congratulating me, said :
" I have heard with very much interest the account
brief, but full of incident with which the learned
Recorder has presented you to our notice. I may be
allowed to offer you my personal congratulations as
an old school-fellow [the cadets of King's College
School, which school Lord Alverstone here refers to,
furnished the guard of honour at the Guildhall], for
I learn from the Recorder that you were born a few
days after myself, and that we were both educated
at the same school, where, if we learnt nothing else,
44 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
we learnt how to work. I think you have been a
striking example of the advantages that may result
from habits of industry early inculcated. The Re-
corder has referred to the active part which you have
taken in the improvements in the City, and particu-
larly to the approach of the Cathedral. I, in that,
had the pleasure of taking a humble and a less dis-
tinguished part. I well remember the time when I
was acting for the Commissioners of Sewers, the
commencement of that work, the difficulties which
surrounded it, and the fear of the great expense that
would be involved. I am sure, however, that anyone
who remembers Ludgate Hill as it was, and looks at
it now, will feel satisfied that the citizens of this
great City have reason to congratulate you upon
your efforts, always regretting that anybody was
allowed to put a railway bridge across that great
thoroughfare. The Recorder has also referred to the
part you have taken in connection with the promo-
tion and advancement of the loan art collections in
the City, and I am very glad of the opportunity,
through you, of congratulating the City upon the
admirable collections of art which from time to time
have been brought together to delight, not only the
citizens of London, but everyone who is a lover of
art in the best sense of the word. I am glad to know
that through your efforts more of the poorer and more
hardly worked inhabitants of London have been en-
abled to appreciate and enjoy these treasures. But
the subject which has caused me greatest pleasure,
although it was no news to me, is the active part you
have taken, and the success of your efforts, in im-
proving the condition of the children of the poor, and
giving some pleasure to those who have otherwise no
LORD ALVERSTONE'S SPEECH 45
opportunity of actually enjoying pleasure, and no
resources of their own. It is a subject which is coming
very prominently before our notice at the present
time. You, my Lord Mayor, will be for the year at the
head of the greatest Corporation in this country, if
not the greatest Corporation in the world. You have
around you twenty-eight or twenty-nine other muni-
cipalities of, comparatively speaking, recent estab-
lishment, but yet with great local interests. I do
not for one moment suggest that you can as Chief
Magistrate take an active or direct part in any of the
operations of these municipalities; but you can set
them an example. The Mansion House has always
been a source from which have issued many streams
of sympathy and support; it is, as I have said, not
possible for you directly to extend your personal
efforts to the various municipalities which surround
you; but if, by your example and influence, you can
inspire in these Corporations the wish to advance the
cause of physical improvement and innocent recrea-
tion for the workers and toilers of greater London,
you will add to the great traditions of the City a lustre
which will never dim, and which will be remembered
by generations to come."
I had with me in my carriage my chaplain, the Rev.
Dacre Craven, and the sword-bearer and mace-bearer,
with the sword and mace. I left the Law Courts
about 3 o'clock, and proceeded westwards as far as
Northumberland Avenue, returning by the Embank-
ment and Queen Victoria Street to Guildhall, where I
arrived about 4 o'clock, rather tired and weary.
I was very pleased at seeing so many little children
comfortably seated in various shops and warehouses
in the City, enjoying the pageant, and I am afraid I
earned the title of " the unconventional Lord Mayor "
upon this the first day of my office, by having my
carriage stopped for a minute on Ludgate Hill, and
stepping out to salute the little crippled children
The procession was, I think, a fairly good average
show, if one can judge by the papers the next day.
There were eighteen bands, and some Crimean
veterans Chelsea pensioners in carriages; a life-
boat, manned by a Worthing crew; a car carrying
Cornish miners at work; a car representing various
departments of the work of the Ragged School
Union; boys of the Duke of York's Military School,
with four /-pounder guns ; a detachment of frontiers-
men. The spectacular element in the show was the
historical pageant of famous Lord Mayors with their
1 3th century
Henry Fitz Alwyn Lord
Sir John Philpot
Sir Thomas Gresham
Sir Thos. Myddleton
John Wilkes, Esq.
Robert Waithman, Esq.
But the hardest part of my day's work was yet
to come, as, although sitting in the old coach, rocking
and swaying, is something like being on a boat in
mid-Channel, it is not hard work for one who is a
At 6 o'clock the guests began to arrive at Guildhall,
and I had the pleasant duty of receiving them in the
I was sorry that the Prime Minister, Sir Henry
Campbell-Bannerman, was not able to attend the
["Punch," November-], 1906.
GOGGLES AXD MAGOGGLES : A CHANCE THAT SIR WILLIAM TRELOAR
Lord Mayor's chauffeur (feelingly] : " Domine, dirige nos. "
To face p. 46
THE BANQUET 47
banquet. He had just been bereaved by the death
of Lady Campbell-Bannerman. The First Lord of
the Admiralty, Lord Tweedmouth, was also absent
for a similar reason. There were, however, many
other Cabinet Ministers present, and many Ambassa-
dors and Ministers from foreign Courts. Amongst
these distinguished guests were the Marquis of Ripon,
the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Japanese Am-
bassad&r, the Italian Ambassador, the Earl of Crewe,
the Earl of Elgin, Earl Carrington, L.C.C., the Bishop
of London, the Speaker, Mr. Herbert Gladstone, M.P.,
Mr. H. H. Asquith, K.C., M.P., Mr. Augustine
Birrell, K.C., M.P., Mr. Sydney C. Buxton, M.P.,
Lord Justice Moulton, Mr. R. B. Haldane, K.C.,
M.P., the Greek Minister, the Swiss Minister, the
Belgian Minister, the Swedish Minister, the Nor-
wegian Minister, Mr. Justice Grantham, Mr. Justice
Bigham, Mr. Justice Warrington, Mr. Justice Deane,
Mr. Justice Parker, Mr. J. Lawson Walton, K.C.,
M.P., Sir Edward Clarke, K.C., Mr. Winston Churchill,
M.P., Lord Fitzmaurice, and many others over 800
A novel feature was introduced into the scheme of
decoration by the wish of my wife. The Library, the
corridors, and the walls of the Guildhall were decorated
with a large array of flowers, which filled every nook
and corner; these were all artificial, except those
which stood upon the tables, and consisted of masses
of roses, chrysanthemums, carnations, and picotees,
made by the crippled girls of the Water-cress and
Flower-girls Mission. My wife had also a beautiful
bouquet of roses made by these girls; in all some
30,000 flowers were used, and the effect was striking.
After dinner the quaint ceremony of " Crying the
48 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Guests " was performed, and, the loving-cup having
circulated, I proposed the King's health, and read
the following telegram from Lord Knollys:
" The King asks your Lordship to convey to
the Citizens of London his sincere thanks and
appreciation of their loyal good wishes and con-
gratulations on the occasion of His Majesty's
After I had proposed" The Queen, the Prince and
Princess of Wales, and the rest of the Royal Family,"
and the Royal toasts had been loyally honoured, the
senior Sheriff, Mr. Alderman Crosby, proposed " The
Imperial Forces of the Crown," to which Mr. Haldane,
Minister of War, in the absence of the First Lord of
the Admiralty, responded. In the course of his reply
he said, and I reproduce his words because of their
significance to these present days, " My noble friend
(Lord Tweedmouth) and I represent in the Govern-
ment the care of the Imperial Forces.
' We may wish, and we do wish, that the nations
would abate the rivalry of armament. We may think,
and we do think, that it is a duty of every Christian
people to try what it can do to set an example, and to
give a lead. But this we know, that unless response
is made, unless the change comes, it is impossible in
the interests of peace itself for any nation to let down
its strength. And, therefore, speaking not only in
the name of my noble friend, but speaking in the
name of His Majesty's Ministers, I say that our policy,
and our solemn obligation is to maintain at the
present juncture, in their full strength, the fighting
efficiency of the forces of the Crown.
" Ours not to attack, ours to defend; and yet
LORD HALDANE'S WORDS 49
defence means the capacity of swift and prompt
action if once the moment comes when diplomacy can
avail no more. That is not the spirit of militarism.
" On the contrary, we would fain see things
changed, fain see the time which I believe will come,
when nations will look back upon such periods as
ours as periods of barbarism, and wonder how men
could spend millions unnecessarily to the prejudice
of the problems around them.
" Yet we must deal with the circumstances of our
times, and we must be prepared to face the emer-
gencies of our time."
Other speakers were the Marquis of Ripon, Baron
Komura, Mr. Sheriff Dunn, Lord Justice Fletcher
Moulton, the Attorney-General, the Archbishop of
Canterbury, the late Lord Mayor, Sir Walter Vaughan
Morgan, and then " the company dispersed." Some
went to the Council Chamber, where a concert was
given by students of the Guildhall School of Music;
others to the Smoking-room, or to the Library, where
dancing proceeded for some time; some, wiser in
their generation than the others, went home to bed,
and, as Pepys might have said if he had been in my
place, " so away home to bed with infinite content
at this ' my day/ for it was mighty pretty and every-
thing mighty rich; but methinks it do seem a great
expense for one day, and it pleases me to know that
the Sheriffs must bear half the cost."
Probably the banquet on the pth of November had
its origin in the Lord Mayor inviting a few personal
friends to a feast to celebrate his election, and as the
electors were the members of the Livery, it would
have been from that body that his list of guests was
So A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
It is evident that prior to the year 1777 the members
of the Court of Common Council were not invited,
and formed no part of the company at the banquet.
In that year the Council recommended the appoint-
ment of a Committee, to consist of twelve members
of the Court, eight to be nominated by the Lord
Mayor and Sheriffs, and four by the Court, to super-
intend the entertainment ; and a further recommenda-
tion suggested that the sum of 500 should be allowed
to the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs towards the expenses.
We must remember that the Lord Mayors did not
then receive a fixed allowance as at present, their
emolument was by fees. All the reports I have
examined go to show that the Common Council have
always been anxious to control the management of
It appears that what was called the fitting up of
the Guildhall for the banquet was done under the
direction of the Court of Aldermen; all the reports,
resolutions, and recommendations tend to show that
the members of the Court of Common Council resented
the fact that it was so. On the pth of October, 1781,
it was recommended that the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs
should entertain the members of the Corporation and
their ladies at the Guildhall on Lord Mayor's Day
next. In 1838 it was recommended that the Lord
Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs should no longer sit
at raised tables separated from the members of the
Court of Common Council, as such distinction tended
to degrade the members. At this time a light iron
railing, 4 feet high, was put up across the Guildhall
at the end of the short tables to preserve order at the
The question of seating the guests was referred to
THE GUILDHALL 51
in 1868, 1872, 1873, and 1874, and the position and
shape of the tables, the number of inches to be occu-
pied by each guest, and such matters, were all dis-
The Court wished to know also whether special
seats (apart from their several Wards) could not be
allocated to the Chairmen of Committees and their
At present the number of seats arranged for is, I
think, 855 and 412 of these are occupied by the
members of the Court of Common Council and their
ladies the remaining 443 seats are for the Lord
Mayor and Sheriffs and their friends, the Aldermen,
the high officers and their ladies, the officers of State,
Judges, Ambassadors, Ministers, treasurers of Royal
Hospitals and Inns of Court, etc.
At present the expense of the banquet and show is
borne by the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs; perhaps the
time may come when the Corporation will bear this
expense, and the Sheriffs be relieved of spending
1,000 each, and the Lord Mayor 2,000, on the 9th
For, after all, this is much more than a personal
occasion. The Guildhall, during the hours of the
banquet, is a focus of interest to every part of the
Empire, as well as to foreign Governments, who know
that Ministerial pronouncements of the first signifi-
cance are delivered there. It needs no words of mine
to point its historical importance. Many sovereigns,
and most of our greatest statesmen have spoken under
its roof. Read the inscriptions on the monuments,
and you get some, though but a slight, impression of
the widespread influence that has been exerted there.
The Guildhall has often been the sounding-board
52 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
of the Empire; for I say it with pride the City of
London has never faltered in its stand for liberty,
justice, and humanity; it has helped with both hands
every cause that improves the condition of sufferers
and the weak; and has backed these activities of
spirit with a hospitality, I venture to believe, un-
" All life is a stage and a game; either learn to play it,
laying by seriousness, or bear its pains." PALLADAS.
THE LORD MAYOR, 1906-7.
From the original painting by /'. Tennysan Cole, presented to the Guildhall by
Sir William H. Dunn. Bart,
To face p. 54
Friday, 9th November. In the Great Assembly Hall
at Whitechapel there was another banquet, to 2,140
poor men, women, and children. The event is an
annual one, and the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs sub-
scribe towards the cost. It was organised twenty
years ago, mainly through the efforts of Mr. F. N.
Charrington, a son of the founder of the famous
brewery firm. When twenty-one years of age he
declined a partnership in the firm, preferring to devote
his life to evangelical work amongst the East End
poor. His work is quite unsectarian, and has, 1
believe, been very successful.
Saturday, 10th November. My first function. I went
to a concert at Queen's Hall. This was a " West
Country festival," and was attended by some
thousands of Cornish and Devonshire people; Mr.
Croydon Marks, Member of Parliament for the Laun-
ceston Division, presided. There was much singing of
" Trelawny," and of " The Land between the Seas,"
" O Devon, my Devon," and some comic recitations
of humorous Cornish stories, and as a bonne bouche, a
speech from the newly hatched Lord Mayor, up to
which time I think all the West Country people had
thoroughly enjoyed themselves.
I once received good advice from an octogenarian
Cornishman, whom I met near the Lizard; he told
5 6 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
me to get plenty of fresh air, plenty of good company,
no smoking, not too much whisky, and never to cross
a bridge until I came to it. It was on the principle
of not meeting care or trouble half-way that I acted
on the previous day, for I remembered that Shake-
speare, who knew everything, said :
" Come what, come may,
Time and the hour get through the Lord Mayor's day."
A meeting of the Society of Cogers was held at
Cogers' Hall, Fleet Street, Lieutenant-Colonel R.
Manifold Craig opening a debate on " The Govern-
ment Speeches at the Guildhall Banquet." The
Grand Coger referred to the fact that in the Lord
Mayor's Show they witnessed representatives of two
former members of the Society, Wilkes and Waithman ;
and their President of to-day, Sir William Treloar, the
Lord Mayor. The survival, he said, of the Civic
Procession was not more remarkable than was that
of the Cogers. Both served a useful purpose the
pageant, to remind the citizens through the eye of
their civic duties; and the Cogers to inform the
citizens through the ear of their civic and national
Monday, 12th November. I went in state with the
Sheriffs to lay the foundation-stone of a new building
for the Gospel Lighthouse Mission. I was received
by the Member for Southwark, Mr. R. K. Causton,
now Lord Southwark, the Mayor (Mr. Hilton), and
Miss H . Gladstone, who made a charming little speech
in thanking me.
Forty years before this I had lived for five years
in Southwark, as my father then had a factory there,
which factory I still keep going to-day. For five
VISIT OF THE KING OF NORWAY 57
years I used to ring the workpeople in to work at
6 a.m., acting in every way as foreman. I worked
very hard then, and the experience did me good, and
has been of great help to me.
Tuesday, 13th November. For the first time a King
of Norway paid a visit in state to the City of London.
King Haakon and Queen Maud came from Windsor
to Paddington by special train, arriving there about
noon. A guard of honour was formed by the Cold-
stream Guards, and a sovereign escort of Life Guards
was waiting their arrival. They took their seats in a
postillion landau, drawn by six bay horses.
Before this an address had been presented by the
Mayor of Paddington (Mr. Herbert Lidiard), and
some other quick ceremonies and compliments had
been performed. Then on went the glittering caval-
cade, en route for Guildhall. At Oxford Circus the
Mayors of Westminster (Mr. G. W. Tallents), Holborn
(Mr. D. Rawlins, K.C.), and Marylebone (Sir T. H.
Brooke-Hitching), were assembled with their Coun-
cillors in robes of office, and presented a joint address
of welcome. The Lady Mayoress and I were early
at Guildhall to receive the guests, who began to arrive
about 12 o'clock. I wore an ermine robe, which is
de rigueur when a Lord Mayor receives Royalty.
According to ancient custom this robe is provided
and paid for by the Court of Aldermen, and becomes
the property of the Lord Mayor.
A list of the celebrities who came to the Library
for presentation from 12 to i o'clock would fill many
pages, and cannot therefore be given; all the leading
statesmen, soldiers, and churchmen were present,
including:,; the Norwegian Minister, Dr. Fridtjof
58 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
At about 11.45 I went from the Library to the
Porch, or entrance, of Guildhall, with the Lady
Mayoress and the Reception Committee, to receive
the Prince and Princess of Wales, the Duke and
Duchess of Connaught, and Princess Patricia, Alder-
man Sir Whittaker Ellis, Bart., taking my place in
the Library during my absence. At i o'clock the
silver trumpets gave warning by a fanfare that the
King and Queen of Norway had arrived; so the
Duke of Fife, with Princess Patricia of Connaught,
led a procession from the Porch to the Library,
followed by the Duke of Connaught with the Princess
of Wales, wearing a costume of heliotrope and two
orders set in diamonds. The Prince of Wales, wearing
an Admiral's uniform, escorted the Duchess of Con-
naught; then I came, with Queen Maude, who was
wearing a heliotrope dress and toque to match, an
ermine stole covering a bodice covered with rich
cream lace; then the King of Norway escorted my
wife. He was wearing naval uniform, over which
was the broad ribbon of the Order of the Garter,
with which he had been invested the previous
The Band of the Royal Artillery stationed in the
Library played " God save the King." As we en-
tered the Library there was much cheering by the
guests there, and so we proceeded to the dais, where
we took our allotted seats.
The Town Clerk gave the usual signal (two knocks)
for calling the Court to order, for a Court of Common
Council was now held. He then read the resolution
for presenting the address. The Recorder, in his
black robe and full-bottomed wig, read the address;
1 then presented the gold casket, which was on the
table in front of us. The King graciously acknow-
ledged these presentations.
I presented Mr. Alderman and Sheriff Crosby and
Mr. Sheriff Dunn, Sir Horace Marshall and Alderman
Sir Whittaker Ellis, Bart., mover and seconder of
the address, and the two senior Aldermen. I con-
ducted the royal party to a boudoir, where the King
and Queen signed the official register.
His Majesty then invested me as a Knight Com-
mander of the Order of St. Olaf, and I wore this
decoration at once; he also made the two Sheriffs,
the mover of the address, and the Town Clerk, knights
of the first class; and the Remembrancer and Sir W.
Soulsby (my private secretary) knights of the second
By this time the general company (about 850) had
taken their seats at the luncheon tables in the Great
Hall, and the royal party, headed by the King and
the Lady Mayoress, processed round the tables, with
trumpets gaily blowing, and the band playing the
National Anthems of the two countries.
The floral decorations were the same as used on the
9th artificial roses, chrysanthemums, etc., made by
the crippled girls of London. When I proposed the
health of the King and Queen, I finished by saying
" Skaal !" in a loud voice in true Norwegian style;
this salutation was repeated by all the guests, raising
The King said: " I am happy in the certainty that
every word you have spoken of England's good-will
towards Norway is founded on sincerity and truth.
We, both of us, the Queen and I, revert affectionately
in memory to the country where she was born and
educated, and where we spent for so many years a
6o A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
happy married life, where our little boy was born,
and where I was treated with the frank, generous,
kindly cordiality of an Englishman during the period
of ten years, when 1 had not the shadow of an idea
of the destiny that awaited me."
The King, of course, spoke English fluently and
well. He conversed in a very pleasant, frank manner
with my wife, principally about his year-old son, the
little Olaf, who was at Windsor; the Lady Mayoress
expressed her regret that the little chap (though she
no doubt said Prince) had not come with his parents
to Guildhall. The King was very amusing about my
speech, which I had, of course, carefully prepared,
as it had to be submitted before being delivered. I
had provided myself with a copy in very large type,
from which I could read whilst it remained on the
table unseen by the audience.
His Majesty, noticing this, said: "Ah: the Lord
Mayor is a cheat; he is reading his speech from a
paper on the table, and the people do not know that
he is reading it, as they cannot see the paper. Now,
when I have to speak I must read what I have to say
from a paper held in my hand, and so all the people
will see that I am reading it. He is a cheat, this
Lord Mayor of ours, and I wish that I also had been
prepared to do as he has done."
The royal party left soon after luncheon, and the
King and Queen arrived at Windsor Castle about
5 o'clock, and no doubt had tea with little Olaf, and
told him all about the ceremony and doings in London.
The Corporation of London serves a very useful
purpose in giving a welcome to royal and other
potentates who visit this country. Long usage and
great experience guarantee that the arrangements and
HOSPITALITY OF THE ITY 61
management of these functions will be carried out in
a very perfect manner as to every detail, with a touch,
and more than a touch, of medieval splendour. The
old Guildhall, the quaint customs, and the antique
style of dress, give a finish to the ceremonies which
must impress foreign visitors.
There is no other body which can in this respect
take the place of our old Corporation, or do with
tclat and the approbation of every citizen what it
performs so easily. The expenses are borne by a
mysterious fund called " the City's cash." No rate-
payer is called upon to pay a penny of the cost.
Thursday, 15th November. Sir Horatio D. Davies,
K.C.M.G., Alderman of the Ward of Bishopsgate, who
had served as Lord Mayor in 1897-1898, vacated his
seat as Alderman on the soth of October, 1906, pur-
suant to 12 and 13 Victoria, he having been adjudi-
cated a bankrupt. I presided this day at a Ward-
mote to elect an Alderman in his place ; there being
no opposition, and his bankruptcy in the meantime
having been annulled, he was unanimously chosen
again to be Alderman of the Ward. He was received
by the Court of Aldermen and duly sworn in for
the second time on the 4th of December, 1906.
As Lord Mayor, I said to him then: " I am very
pleased to inform you that the Court has passed the
following resolution: ' That Sir Horatio D. Davies,
K.C.M.G., having been re-elected to the office of
Alderman, be invited to take the same position in the
Court which he occupied previous to the vacancy.' '
Sir Horatio died on the i8th of September, 1912,
and was succeeded by my friend, Mr. E. C. Moore.
Friday, 16th November. Presided at a meeting of
Lord Roberts' Committee on National Defence.
62 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Dined with the Plumbers' Company at Haber-
dashers' Hall, Gresham Street (Mr. William Douglas
Caroe, the Master, presiding). After dinner an " At
home " was held by the ladies of the Court of Assis-
tants, at which the English Dramatic Societ}' gave a
performance of the " Interlude of Youth," a Lambeth
Monday, 19th November. Opened the Sessions at
the Central Criminal Court at 10 o'clock. (Mr.
Justice Grantham; 64 prisoners.)
Received a deputation of Liverymen, asking me to
nominate Mr. C. C. Wakefield, C.C., as a candidate
for next year's Shrievalty; this I promised to do, and
pointed out that by an act of Common Council the
Lord Mayor can nominate three candidates, and that
his nomination of any candidate was not to be con-
sidered as displaying any favouritism.
Presided at a Court of Lieutenancy at 2, at Guildhall.
Dined with the Loriners at De Keyser's Hotel;
the Rev. G. H. Smith, B.A., the Master, presiding.
Tuesday, 20th November. Received the Judge (Mr.
Justice Grantham) at Central Criminal Court at 10.30.
Attended the Court of the Irish Society.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Butchers
at their hall in Bartholomew Close; the Master,
Mr. J. G. Randall, presiding.
Wednesday, 21st November. Received a deputation
from the East London Nursing Society, 10.40.
Attended a Court of St. Thomas's Hospital at 4 p.m.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths
at their hall, Mr. C. J. Lucas, the Prime Warden, pre-
Thursday, 22nd November. Attended meeting at
St. Bartholomew's Hospital at 1 1 .
A TRUMP CARD 63
Received a visit from Lord William Cecil re North-
Eastern Hospital for Children.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Fish-
mongers at their hall, the Prime Warden, Sir Richard
Biddulph Martin, presiding.
The Master, in proposing the toast of the Lord
Mayor and Corporation, said: " The Lord Mayor had
begun his year of office well ; he had played the King
and Queen of trumps, and there was also the little
individual who had gratified the hearts of all the
ladies of England, and most of the gentlemen, Prince
Olaf. He had played these three trumps, and no
doubt had the ace somewhere about him; having
begun such a prosperous deal, he only hoped, and he
felt sure, that when at the end of the game the Lord
Mayor gathered up the trumps, he would find that
he had not only swept the board of tricks, but that
he also had four by honours to score."
In replying, I said: " You, sir, have said that I
have taken some tricks or played some trumps. I
want to play a card to-night. It is this: One of the
chief reasons why I wished to become Lord Mayor
was that the position might enable me to do some-
thing permanently to benefit the little crippled
children of the Metropolis. For more than ten years
that subject has been ever present to my mind. I
have been continually confronted with the painful
necessities of 7,000 little ones, all cripples. Ten years
ago, when first the hampers from the Guildhall went
out, not one-fifth of London's cripples were known.
To-day, I am happy to think nearly all of them are
regularly visited, and a few of them are even taken
to school; but much remains to be done. Paris and
New York are ahead of us. What we want is a cripple
64 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
institution, which shall do its best to cure the suffer-
ing and then to train the helpless cripples to become
useful members of society. I am told by experts that
the cost of setting such an institution on foot will
be 60,000. Very well; then I ask for 60,000, and
I am glad that I make that appeal first of all within
the walls of one of London's foremost guilds, renowned
for its generous charity, and I am proud, too, to
believe as I have reason for doing, as I happen to
know privately from a very reliable source that
His Majesty the King, who is always foremost in
helping every good work, and whose sympathy with
cripples is unfailing, thoroughly approves of my
scheme, and that I have his best wishes for my
success. I shall not appeal in vain to the benevolent
public, and I am sure that the Livery Guilds will
loyally and generously support a Lord Mayor of the
greatest City in the world in his efforts for promoting
a scheme which is of national importance, and which
has the approval of the Sovereign."
The Deputy Lord Mayor of Manchester (Mr. J. H.
Thewlis), in speaking afterwards, said he regarded
it as a remarkable sign of progress that the Lord
Mayor of London on such an occasion as that should
have made the chief feature of his speech an appeal
for crippled children. Crippled children were very
largely the result of our imperfect municipal govern-
ment, which permitted the creation of slums.
This was how and when the Lord Mayor's Little
Cripples' Fund was launched.
* Thirteen years have passed since that memorable hour.
The scheme has been a wonderful success. His Majesty the
King has just (i January, 1920) conferred the honour of Knight-
hood on Sir Henry Gauvain, who has been the able and zealous
SIR WILLIAM AND LADY TRELOAR RECEIVING THE FIRST LITTLE
PATIENTS AT THE RAILWAY-STATION, ALTON, SEPTEMBER 8, igoS.
Drawn by G. L. Staiitpafraiii photographs.
To face p. 64
THE CRIPPLES' FUND LAUNCHED 65
The day after the dinner at Fishmongers' Hall I
sent a letter to all the papers, appealing for support,
in which 1 stated that " The institution which I am
advised is urgently needed will not displace a single
existing agency; it will not compete with the hospital,
convalescent or holiday home, or special school; but
nevertheless, it may necessarily partake of the char-
acter of each." The Press was unanimous and en-
thusiastic in its support.
I should like here to acknowledge with lasting
gratitude the great help given to me in the early stages
of my appeal by Sir Ernest Flower; his advice, his
constant help were invaluable; he devoted prac-
tically all his time during my mayoralty to the work,
and the assistance he gave me I shall never forget.
The secretarial and other work was supervised by
him in the most efficient manner. He had a special
office and a small staff at the Mansion House, and
attended regularly every day.
Friday, 23rd November. Received a deputation at
the Mansion House of the London Philanthropic
Received a deputation of Foreign Consuls, and
afterwards entertained them at luncheon, i and 1.30.
Medical Superintendent at Alton since the start of the hospital in
1908. A new branch was opened at Sandy Point, Hayling Island,
in September, 1919, and 50 little children are there, bringing our
number of patients up to 350. My co-trustees Miss Treloar, the
Bishop of London, Viscount Burnham, and Sir W. H. Dunn unite
with me in congratulating Sir Henry Gauvain upon the honour
bestowed. He has well earned the distinction, for it is to his un-
tiring work that the Lord Mayor Treloar's Cripples' Hospital and
College at Alton has become famous all the world over. Per-
sonally I am as much delighted by this honour as if I had been
offered a Peerage.
66 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Presided at General Meeting of the Fourth City
Mutual Benefit Building Society, Cannon Street
Hotel, at 5.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Patten-
makers at De Keyser's Hotel, the Master, Mr. C. A.
Hanson, presiding. In responding to the toast of the
Lord Mayor, I said: " If my scheme for the founda-
tion of an institution for the permanent benefit of the
poor crippled children of London was not crowned
with success, I should consider my mayoralty to have
been a failure, whatever honours I might receive
during my year of office." Mr. Bram Stoker, in re-
sponding to the toast of Literature, said: "What
the Lord Mayor was doing for the cripples tran-
scended the work of imagination. It would be a
record of that great and strenuous present in which
we lived, and which did so much and would do so
much for the common good. They honoured the
Lord Mayor for doing so much for those little
withered buds that come from the Garden of Life,
and were so soon cut off by the frost before their
Saturday, 24th November. Attended at Guildhall
the annual Prize Distribution of the 3rd City of
London Volunteers. The Lady Mayoress handed the
prizes to the winners. When I spoke, I admitted
that I had never been a volunteer, but when quite a
boy I had attempted to join a corps which was going
out to assist Garibaldi. My father, however, frus-
trated my design roughly and effectively. On an-
other occasion I asked my father to buy me a com-
mission in the Army. He would not do that; but he
solemnly promised that if I chose to enlist as a private
he would not buy me out. I told the audience that
CHIEF OF "SIX NATION " INDIANS 67
I was inclined to think that it would be a good thing
for this great nation if we adopted conscription: it
would discipline the young men in times of peace as
well as in times of war. (I think so now more than ever.}
Dined at the Savage Club, to meet the Duke of
Connaught, who was that night elected an honorary
life member of the Club. The Duke said, in the
course of his remarks, that perhaps there were few
of those he was addressing who had more right to be
called a " Brother Savage " than himself, because he
happened to be one of the " six nation " Indians.
They live in Canada, not far from Montreal, and
in 1869 he was made a " brother savage," and
had a blanket put on his shoulders, and since then
had been one of the chiefs of the " six nation "
Monday, 26th November. Entertained to luncheon
at the Mansion House thirty-seven guests, members
of the Committee of the Franco-British Exhibition.
M. Jules Cambon, the French Ambassador, with
about fifteen French senators, Lord Desborough,
and others, were present.
In order to promote sympathy for my " Little
Cripples' Fund," I held a conference of the Mayors
and Mayoresses of London at the Mansion House, at
which many of the boroughs were represented by
their chiefs, while those who were absent wrote ex-
pressing their sympathy and offering their support.
All the Mayors present undertook to aid the movement
in their various localities, stipulating, however, that
if possible I should personally attend the introductory
meeting in each district. This, of course, I promised
to do, and to attend in state.
I told them I should not attempt to make the
68 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
scheme a national one, but that I hoped if it were
successful in London the great provincial cities and
towns would start similar movements, so as to help
the poor crippled children living in their midst.
Dined at Carpenters' Hall with the Worshipful
Company of Carpenters, the Master, Mr. William
Robertson, presiding. There was a very large attend-
ance at this dinner, and I seized the opportunity to
speak of my Crippled Children's Fund.
Tuesday, 27th November. Mr. Peacock, the hon.
secretary of the Savage Club, with Mrs. Peacock, and
Tom Catling and his daughter, to lunch, with several
In the evening dined with the Sette of Odd
Volumes at the Imperial Restaurant a merry time.
Wednesday, 28th November. Drove in state with
the Lady Mayoress and Sheriff Dunn and his daughter
to the British Home for Incurables at Streatham;
the Lady Mayoress opened a sale of work, the pro-
ceeds of which were to be given to the poor inmates
for pocket-money. Mr. H. H. Baker, Chairman of the
House Committee, received us, and I met many
friends and neighbours.
In the evening dined with the Stationers' Company
at their hall on Ludgate Hill, the Master, Mr. Richard
Stevens, presiding over a large party. One of the
toasts was the Archbishop of Canterbury, patron of
the Stationers' Company.
After dinner I attended a conversazione of the City
of London School Committee at the School on the
Embankment. The Chairman, Mr. Walter Bull,
C.C., received us. There were about 2,000 guests.
Thursday, 29th November. Presided at a Com-
mittee of the whole Court at 12.30; and at a Court of
A LATE NIGHT 69
Common Council at i o'clock, when 1,000 was
generously voted for my Crippled Children's Fund.
Presided at 3, at Mansion House, at a meeting of
the Council of the Hospital Sunday Fund.
There was also a meeting afterwards of the City
Council for the Organisation of Charity.
Dined at Grocers' Hall Metropolitan Dispensary
Dinner, Mr. Arthur Balfour, M.P., presiding. This
was the i26th anniversary. Over 10,000 patients
were admitted to the benefits of the dispensary last
year. The medical staff gave more than 27,000
consultations during the year.
Friday, 30th November. At 10.20 received a depu-
tation of the Working Lads' Institute.
At 10.30 presided at a Court of Lieutenancy.
At i o'clock entertained Lord Avebury, the Hon.
W. H. Goschen, and others, to lunch.
At 3 presided at a meeting of the Chamber of
Commerce in the Egyptian Hall, when Mr. Asquith,
an old City of London schoolboy, and Chancellor of
the Exchequer, presented the prizes, and made a
good speech on Commercial Education.
In the evening I drove to Croydon to deliver
prizes, at 8 o'clock, to the scholars of Whitgift
Grammar School. The Mayor, Mr. Keatley Moore,
and many of my friends and neighbours were there.
" On my way home " from Croydon I went to a
concert at the Criterion Restaurant in Piccadilly,
given by the Guildhall Cricket and Athletic Club,
and spent a pleasant, restful evening. Rather late
Saturday, 1st December. Anniversary of the
Queen's birthday. I sent Her Majesty a telegram of
congratulations, and received a gracious reply.
7 o A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Dined at the annual dinner of the Savage Club at
the Hotel Cecil, Dr. Fridtjof Nansen presiding. There
were 350 guests. I ventured to tell them " that
nobody liked long speeches except those who make
them." Eden Peacock, the hon. secretary, said in
his speech that the Club drew its members from
wherever it could find them, sometimes from the North
Pole, sometimes from the Antarctic, and sometimes
even from, the Mansion House
Sunday, 2nd December. Attended in state at 3.15,
St. Columba's, Pont Street, a Scottish service, and
took tea afterwards with the Rev. Dr. and Mrs.
Fleming in Beaufort Gardens.
Attended a concert at Queen's Hall given by the
National Sunday League in aid of my Fund, when I
announced the receipt of 100 each from the King
Mr. George Alexander was present, and made a
kindly speech. 31 was collected in the hall.
Monday, 3rd December. To St. Bride's Church at
1 1 .30, to sign the Ward list of electors.
Went to see Sir Arthur Bigge at Marlborough House
Mr. Gentle, Chief Constable of Brighton, Mr. and
Mrs. Lawrence, Mr. and Mrs. Lory, and other friends
to lunch, i .30.
At 4 presided at a meeting of the Surgical Aid
Society in the saloon of the Mansion House.
Dined with the W T orshipful Company of Makers
of Playing Cards, the Master, Mr. Baldwin Latham,
presiding. I told them the story of my predecessor,
John Wilkes, who, when asked to take a hand at
cards by a royal personage, replied that he did not
play, for he never could tell a knave from a king.
WILSON'S TRUST 71
Sir James Crichton-Browne told us that playing
cards were invented in France in the fourteenth cen-
tury for the amusement of the mad king, Charles VI.;
cards were largely in use in every lunatic asylum in
this country, but he did not know if they had a
Each guest was presented with a handsome pack
of cards, the design on the backs being commemora-
tive of the visit to India of the Prince and Princess
of Wales in 1905-1906.
Tuesday, 4th December. Meeting of Wilson's Trust
Committee, at 12.
In 1 766 Mr. Samuel Wilson, of Hatton Garden, by
his will directed his executors to pay the sum of
20,000 to the Chamberlain of the City of London,
"to be lent to men who have been set up one year
or not more than two years in some trade or manu-
facture in the City of London." No more than
300 nor less than 100 was to be lent to any one
person, nor for a longer term than five years, the
first year at i per cent, and afterwards at 2 per
The Trustees are the Lord Mayor, the two senior
Aldermen, and the Recorder. By a deed dated 1865
another Wilson, Colonel and Alderman Sir Samuel
Wilson, Alderman of the Ward of Castle Baynard,
gave a sum of 4,000, and appointed as Trustees the
two senior Aldermen, the Chamberlain, the Recorder,
or the Common Serjeant. The Trusts are:
1 . The presentation of certain rings to the Trustees
and to the Aldermen at the date of the donor's
2. To set aside 100 to accumulate not beyond 200
for a ring for the Alderman of the Ward of Castle
72 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Baynard, to be presented on the day he is sworn Lord
3. A dinner to the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and
4. A dinner to certain officers.
5. Balance of each year's income to be divided into
sums of 10 i os., and paid to certain charities. The
Trusts to be suspended if the income at any time be
Presided at a meeting of the Court of Husting at
12.30. ihe Common Cryer opened the proceedings
with, " Oyez, Oyez, Oyez 1 All manner of persons
who have been five times called by virtue of any
exigent directed to the Sheriffs of London and have
not surrendered their bodies to the said Sheriffs, this
Court doth adjudge the men to be outlawed and the
women to be waived." The last meeting of this Court
was held in 1 90 1 .
'ihis Court is of Scandinavian origin, for the laws
of Edward the Confessor directed the sittings to
take place every week. The term Husting signifies
a court held in a house instead of in the open air
according to the usual Saxon custom.
1 wo deeds relating to the City were enrolled at this
meeting. 1 he Common Cryer closed the proceedings
by saying, ' ' Oyez, Oyez, Oyez ! All manner of persons
who have anything more to do at this Hustings of
Pleas of Land may depart hence at this time, and
keep their day here again at the next Hustings of
Pleas of Land."
i he court of Aldermen at i .
'1 his Court, according to ancient custom, meets on
this date to inspect and select the cloth annually sent
to the great officers of state, and other parties, the
list of whom is as follows :
LIVERY CLOTH 73
Four and a half yards each of the best black cloth
are sent to
Lord Chief Justice of England.
Master of the Rolls.
Lord Chamberlain of His Majesty's Household
Vice - Chamberlain.
Secretary of State Home Department.
Secretary of State Foreign Department.
Mr. Common Serjeant.
Six yards Mr. Town Clerk, and 6 yards of green
cloth; 4 yards principal clerk in Town Clerk's office,
and 4 yards of green cloth.
Cloth notes are also issued as under
4 yards, i6s. a yard Attorney in Exchequer.
4 Attorney in Chancery.
4 The Cashier in Chamberlain's Office.
4 las. Mr. Recorder's Clerk.
4 ,, Usher to the Court of Aldermen.
The origin of the gift of livery cloth is supposed to
be that retainers of the great lords wearing their
liveries were so numerous as to be dangerous, and it
was prohibited to wear liveries ; but an exception was
introduced in the prohibition in favour of guilds and
fraternities, and men of the mysteries of cities and
The Mayor and Mayoress of Holborn (Mr. W. D.
Rawlins, K.C.), and Mrs. Rawlins to lunch, with a few
74 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Presided at the annual meeting of the City Asso-
ciation for the Poor at 5, in the Long Parlour. This
charity was started in 1 799, and was originally known
as the City Kitchen, its principal object being to dis-
tribute coals to the poor.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Innholders
at their hall, the Master, Mr. A. H. Baynes, presiding.
Wednesday, 5th December. Attended a meeting of
the Patriotic Fund, Seymour House, Waterloo Place,
the Duke of Connaught presiding.
Went to the funeral of my aunt, Mrs. Robertson,
Holland Park Avenue.
Four o'clock, presided in the saloon of the Mansion
House at the distribution of prizes, City Police
Six o'clock, attended Grand Lodge at Freemasons'
Hall, and proposed the election of the Duke of Con-
naught as Grand Master.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Leather-
sellers at their hall, St. Helen's Place, the Master, Mr.
Stanley G. Lutwyche, presiding. The Company
generously gave me 200 for my Fund.
Afterwards Mr. Sheriff Dunn and I went to the
Actors' Benevolent Fund Dinner at the Hotel Metro-
pole, where Sir Charles Wyndham was in the chair.
Thursday, 6th December. Mr. Harry Smith and
daughter, Mr. and Mrs. H. Regnart, Mr. Bernard
Evans and his niece, and other friends to lunch.
Presided at a meeting in the Mansion House for my
Dined with my old friends, the Churchwardens of
St. Sepulchre, Holborn, Mr. Sydney Ross presiding. ^
Friday, 7th December. Mr. H. Regnart, Mr. Sydney
Simmons, and others, to lunch.
POST OFFICE RIFLES 75
Saturday, 8th December. Presided at Guildhall at
the annual prize distribution of the Post Office Rifles
(24th Middlesex Volunteers). Colonel the Hon. F. L.
Colbourne mentioned that the enrolled strength of the
regiment was 1,264. Sir N. G. Lyttelton addressed
The officers afterwards dined with me at the Mansion
Monday, 10th December. Opened the Sessions at
Central Criminal Court at 10 o'clock. (Mr. Justice
Lawrence; 48 prisoners.)
Mr. and Mrs. Comfort and two daughters, Mr.
Lewis Waller, Mr. C. F. Corbould-Ellis, Mr. W. de
Selincourt, and others, to lunch.
Distributed prizes, at 8.30, to the 4th V.B. Royal
Fusiliers at Shaftesbury Street, N., General Mon-
crieff, Colonel and Mrs. Dunfee, and others, dining
with me at 7.30.
Tuesday, llth December. Opened a sale of work
held at 93, Eaton Square, lent by Lord and Lady
Armstrong in aid of the Royal Waterloo Hospital for
Women and Children. My daughter, in the absence
of the Lady Mayoress, and Sheriff and Miss Dunn
went with me. The Duchess of Albany and Princess
Alexandra of Teck were present.
Five o'clock, presided at the Mansion House at a
meeting of the Council of the Dwellings of the Poor.
Dinner in the evening with the members of the
Bartholomew Club (Mr. Carl Hentschel presiding) at
the Hotel Cecil; over 500 persons present. I have
been a member of the club for twenty-five years ( 1 907) .
Wednesday, 12th December. Received the Judge,
Mr. Justice Lawrence, at Central Criminal Court at
76 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Mr. F. A. Bevan and Mr. Carfey (London City
Mission) at 1 1 .
Attended in state, with the Lady Mayoress, meeting
at Camberwell Town Hall re Cripples' Fund at 3.
The Mayor, Mr. William Lane Mitchell, and Mrs.
Mitchell received us. Already they have more than
200 in hand for my Fund.
In the evening, at De Keyser's Hotel, presided at
the Annual Festival Dinner of the Infant Orphan
Asylum. Sheriff Dunn, Sir Benjamin Cohen, and a
very large number, were present. A little girl, one
of the children, aged eight, made a very delightful
speech to me, and we collected 3,000. This is my
first public dinner in support of a charitable institu-
tion as Lord Mayor.
Thursday, 13th December. With the Lady Mayoress
1 attended the annual distribution of hampers to
Jewish children at 12 o'clock, at that beautiful, clean,
compact Jewish soup-kitchen, Buller Street, Spital-
Presided at a Court of Common Council at i o'clock.
Attended the Police Committee Dinner at De
Keyser's Hotel, Sir Alfred Newton, Bart., Chairman,
Sir A. de Rutzen paid a compliment to the City
Magistrates, saying they were the wonder of the
world, and they dispensed justice in a way which no
human being could find fault with. I doubt if a
lady to whom I gave a month's hard labour a day or
two ago would endorse what Mr. de Rutzen said; but
" the bay horse says one thing, the man who saddles
Friday, 14th December. Mr. and Mrs. George Alex-
ander, Sir W. Richmond, and some others, to lunch.
KING EDWARD'S HOSPITAL FUND 77
Presided at a meeting of the Shakespeare Memorial
Fund Committee at 5.
Dined with the members of the City of London
Tradesmen's Club at De Keyser's Hotel, Mr. Louis
A. Newton presiding. Mr. A. J. Balfour, M.P., Mr.
Sheriff Dunn, and about 300 other guests attended.
Mr. Balfour made a very impressive speech.
Saturday, 15th December. Attended the opening of
the Piccadilly and Brompton Railway, now known
as the Piccadilly Tube ; and Sir E. Speyer afterwards
presided at a luncheon at the Criterion Restaurant.
Mr. Lloyd George was presented with a silver key as
a memento of the occasion.
Sunday, 16th December. Attended service at St.
Stephen's, Walbrook, at 1 1 .
At 5 attended in state, with the Sheriffs, the annual
Chanukah service at the Central Synagogue, Great
Portland Street. Dr. H. Adler, the Chief Rabbi, con-
ducted the service. Sir George White, V.C., Lieut.-
General Douglas, C.B., and many others, were present.
Monday, 17th December. Attended at Marlborough
House, at 1 1 .30, the General Council of King Edward's
Hospital Fund for London, the Prince of Wales pre-
siding. His Royal Highness moved the adoption of
the report, which recommended the application to
Parliament for a short Act to incorporate the fund.
I seconded the motion, which was carried.
At 2 o'clock attended a special matine'e at the Lyric
Theatre given by Mr. Lewis Waller in aid of my
Fund. The play was Robin Hood, I was in my robes
and chain of office, and so were the Sheriffs. The play
was a great success. I made an appeal from the stage
for my Fund, and thanked Mr. Lewis Waller, and
Miss Evelyn Millard, and the other performers.
78 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
At 8 o'clock I went to another performance in aid
of my Fund given by the Dickens Fellowship, of
which I am a Vice-President . The Broadway Theatre,
Deptford, was the scene of this performance; The
House of Dombey was the play. Mr. Herbert Tree
made a nice speech, in which he said it was his birth-
day, and presented me with a cheque for 75.
Tuesday, 18th December. Attended in state with
my daughter and the Sheriffs the Portman Rooms at
3 o'clock, and opened the Christmas-tree party or-
ganised by the Poor Children's Yuletide Association.
Among those present were Mr. C. Arthur Pearson,
the Duchess of Sutherland, the Duchess of Portland,
the Countess of Londesborough, and Lady St. Helier.
The object of the Association is to distribute toys,
books, and other gifts, to poor children.
At 5 o'clock I made a presentation of a silver salver
to Mr. Alderman Hanson, in connection with the
City of London Schools Guild.
This day it was resolved to present me with the
Freedom of the Butchers' Company, and record
the terms of the motion passed by my good friends
of the " Art or Mystery."
At a Special Court of Assistants of the Art or
Mystery of Butchers of the City of London, held at
the hall, Bartholomew Close, on Tuesday, the i8th
day of December, 1906,
' It was moved by Mr. William Haydon,
seconded by the Deputy Master, Mr. James
Kilby, and resolved unanimously, that the
Freedom and Livery of the Company be pre-
sented to the Right Honourable Sir William
Purdie Treloar, Knight, the Lord Mayor, in
FREEDOM OF THE BUTCHERS' COMPANY 79
recognition of the fact that he is the Alderman
of the Ward of Farringdon Without, in which
the principal meat markets of the Empire are
situate, and of his efforts at all times to promote
and protect the interests of the trade, and of
his practical philanthropy, especially in con-
nection with crippled children, which has en-
deared him to all classes of society, and of his
exertions on behalf of the Citizens generally,
which entitle him to the highest respect and
In the evening dined with the members of the
Farringdon Ward Club at Holborn Viaduct Hotel,
Mr. Deputy Weingott presiding.
Wednesday, 19th December. There was a meeting
at the Mansion House of the General Purposes Com-
mittee of the Hospital Sunday Fund at 1 1 .30. With
the Lady Mayoress and the Sheriffs started in state
for Croydon, to lunch at i o'clock at the Town Hall,
and at 2.30 to open a new Fire Station, a long and
We were met at the Norbury Boundary by the
Mayor (Mr. Keatley Moore) and an escort of the
Surrey Imperial Yeomanry.
In the evening dined with the members of the
United Wards Club at Cannon Street Hotel, Mr.
Harry Bird, C.C., presiding.
After dinner to a reception by the Mayor of Isling-
ton, Mr. G. S. Elliott, at the Town Hall, a very
splendid affair, and a great many guests present.
The Mayor allowed me to make my usual appeal for
Thursday, 20th December. Attended in state with
8o A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
the Sheriffs a service at All Hallows, Lombard Street.
Sermon preached by the Bishop of London. An
appeal was made for my Fund.
The Bishops of London and Croydon afterwards
lunched at the Mansion House.
At 3 o'clock presided at the annual meeting of
the constituents of the Hospital Sunday Fund at
the Mansion House. I moved the adoption of the
report, which was seconded by the Bishop of London.
Dined with the Merchant Taylors' Company at
their hall in Threadneedle Street, the Master, Mr.
Coles Child, presiding. This is called the Doctors'
Friday, 21st December. St. Thomas's Day, when
every Common Councilman has to come before his
constituents for election. As I write, I am reminded
that on the nth of December, 1890, Mr. A. A. Wood
moved in the Court, " That measures should be
taken to make all future elections to the Aldermanic
office to be for a term of years instead of for life,
as at present."
I was not then an Alderman, and I ventured to
suggest that " it should be referred to the Com-
mittee to consider the advisability of making the
Aldermanic election of an annual character while
the election of the Common Councilmen should be
There was no contest in my Ward this year.
In the evening I entertained the representatives
and some of the leading inhabitants of the Ward to
dinner at the Mansion House. 75 guests.
Saturday, 22nd December. Sir Marcus Samuel, the
Alderman of Portsoken Ward, was ill and unable
to attend, and as there was a contest I presided in
HAMPERS FOR CRIPPLED CHILDREN 81
his place at the Vestry Hall, Minories, counted the
votes, and announced the names of the gentlemen
who were elected to be Common Councilmen for the
Monday, 31st December. I despatched hampers
to 7,200 crippled children from Guildhall at i o'clock.
They were sent in thirty vans to various depots,
east, west, north, and south in the Metropolis, and
were to be delivered to the children to-morrow, or,
in some cases, this evening. The distribution is
undertaken by the Ragged School Union, with
whom I have been associated in this work since 1903.
Before the hampers were despatched a very touch-
ing ceremony took place : four little crippled children
were presented to me by Mr. John Kirk, and Leslie
Lamporte, one of the children, presented me with
a silver statuette representing two small cripples.
The little fellow made a speech thanking me, and
wishing me all success in my efforts to found the
hospital and college. On a medallion are the words :
" Presented to Sir William Purdie Treloar, Lord
Mayor of London 1906-7, from the pence, and with
the affection and gratitude of 6,000 crippled children
of the Ragged School Union and Shaftesbury Society,
December 31, 1906."
I afterwards entertained a party of 106 to luncheon
at the Mansion House. Among those present were
Sir Ernest and Miss Flower, Dr. Sheriff Crosby and
Miss Crosby, Mr. Sheriff Dunn and Miss Dunn, Mr.
and Mrs. Arthur Collins, Mr. and Mrs. George Alex-
ander, Mr. Lewis Waller and Miss Evelyn Millard,
Mrs. Burgwin, Dr. and Mrs. Eicholz, Miss Adler,
Mr. and Mrs. Kirk, and twenty-seven Metropolitan
82 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Mayors and Mayoresses. It was very sad for my
wife that she was not well enough to be present, for
the cause of the children was dear to her.
In the evening I entertained at Guildhall 1,300
poor children to dinner. Crackers from Tom Smith
and Co., and other gifts from various people, in-
cluding a woollen shawl or comforter for each child
from Deputy C. T. Harris, were distributed. Ring
and Brymer supplied the dinner. The guests con-
sumed 1,000 Ib. of meat, 6 cwt. of potatoes, 300
quarters of bread, 755 Ib. of plum pudding, 600 quarts
of milk, 1,300 oranges, and 1,300 apples.
This was the first banquet given at Guildhall to
children by a Lord Mayor, although it was the
thirteenth given by me there, and I continue to give
one every year still. His Majesty the King, follow-
ing the example of his illustrious father, King Edward,
contributes to my Fund every year, and I never
have had any doubt about getting the money for
this banquet and hamper distribution to " Little
1907: Wednesday, 2nd January. Attended a meet-
ing of Governors of Christ's Hospital at 12.
Dined at Butchers' Hall at the invitation of the
Deputies and Common Councilmen of my Ward.
A merry evening.
Thursday, 3rd January. Presided at the annual
meeting of the London Philanthropic Society at the
Mansion House, at 4.15.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of the
Armourers and Braziers at their hall in Coleman
Street, the Master, Mr. D. A. Bumstead, presiding.
Friday, 4th January. Attended a meeting of
Croydon magistrates, Town Hall, 10.30.
GRAND COURT OF WARDMOTE 83
To the Bank with Mr. Bernard Glover, at 1.30.
Presided at distribution of prizes (at the Art
Gallery, Guildhall) of Royal Drawing Society, 4.45.
Attended a concert at Cannon Street Hotel given
by Chough Musical Society.
Saturday, 5th January. Attended in state, at 12,
the funeral service at Westminster Abbey of Baroness
Attended National Orthopaedic Hospital, a Christ-
mas entertainment at Charing Cross Hospital at
At Drill Hall of the London Rifle Brigade, attended
a dinner to 1,200 children.
Attended conversazione of the United Kingdom
Commercial Travellers' Association at Hotel Cecil, 9.
Sunday, 6th January. Attended, with the Sheriffs,
a service at St. Lawrence Jewry, n.
Monday, 7th January. Attended Grand Court of
Wardmote at Guildhall, it being Plough Monday.
This Court is held to receive the returns as to the
elections from the several Wards, also any petitions
against the returns.
In the evening entertained to dinner at the Mansion
House the household and certain other Corporation
officials. At this dinner the Swordbearer proposes
the health of the Lord Mayor, and the Chaplain
that of the Lady Mayoress. 56 guests.
Opened the Sessions at the Central Criminal Court.
(Mr. Justice Lawrence; 84 prisoners.)
Tuesday, 8th January. Attended meeting of the
General Council of the Royal Patriotic Fund at the
Royal United Service Institution, the Duke of
Connaught presiding, 12.
Attended reception of the Mayor and Mayoress
84 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
of Hackney (Dr. and Mrs. Montagu Miller) at the
Town Hall, at 9 o'clock.
Wednesday, 9th January. Went to Buckingham
Palace to see Lord Knollys by appointment at 12.
Presented with the Honorary Freedom of the
Butchers' Company at the hall in Bartholomew
Close, afterwards lunching with the Master, Mr.
Joseph Gurney Randall.
Referring to the fact that after the banquet on
the 9th of November the food left over is given to
the poor, I told them that an old lady called at the
Mansion House on the loth of November and said
she had come for some of the " remains of the Lord
Juvenile ball at Mansion House. This is one of
the prettiest sights seen at the Mansion House, or
anywhere else. The Lord Mayor with Sheriffs in
state is a beautiful sight, but the Children's Fancy
Dress Ball is better at least, I think so.
There were about 1,264 guests. I am afraid some
of them had more parents than usual; in fact, there
were too many " grown-ups " who came to look on;
but the little ones in their joy and glee made up for
all. One of my guests was Chang, the Chinese
Giant, 8 feet tall. There were Sir Peter Teazles,
Columbines, Cupids, Pink Roses, Little Miss Muffets,
White Rabbits, Alices in Wonderland, Empresses,
Kings and Queens, and Robin Hoods, Puritan girls,
Cavaliers, David Garricks, and even Lord Mayors.
Supper was served " at intervals," and it was mid-
night before the Mansion House was quiet.
A 3 7 oung gentleman named Geoffrey Lewin ap-
peared as " the Lord Mayor, 1907," and " did me "
THE OLD BAILEY 85
Thursday, 10th January. Welcomed at Guildhall
members of the Incorporated Association of Head
Masters at 1 1 .
Presided at 3, at Mansion House, at a meeting
of the Council of the Hospital Sunday Fund.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Masons
at Haberdashers' Hall, the Master, Mr. Arthur W.
Friday, llth January. Committee of the whole
Court of Common Council, when I announced that
the King would open the new building of the Central
Criminal Courts in the Old Bailey early in February.
There was something very like a scandal in March,
1906, because a great effort was then made to open
this building long before it was finished; in fact,
the King had been induced to fix a day for the
ceremony. For what reason, and by whom this
attempt was engineered, I cannot say. If it had
succeeded the cost to the City would have been
some 20,000, and His Majesty would have resented
opening a building in an unfinished state. The
following extract on the subject is interesting; it is
from the Law Times of the 2oth of September, 1906:
" It will be remembered that an attempt was
made to invite the King to open the new Court in
May last; but, owing to the protest made against
the unnecessary expenditure required to push for-
ward the work on an unfinished building, it was
decided to postpone the ceremony until the building
should be completed.
"It may be remembered that in March last the
City Corporation were somewhat sharply criticized
for what looked like a resolve on their part to have
the new Old Bailey opened by the King long before
86 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
it could be ready for business ; the project was speedily
dropped. At the meeting of the Court of Common
Council last week a report was presented by the
City Lands Committee to the effect that since the
end of March no efforts had been spared to press on
the work by the builders, and that the Courts would
be ready for opening at a convenient date towards
the end of October. The report was adopted with-
out a word of discussion. The affair is, of course,
none of ours, but we will point out that by the end
of October the present Lord Mayor will have all but
completed his year of office. The mayoralty of his
successor, Sir William Treloar, an energetic public
servant, will commence on November gth. The
Old Bailey is in Sir William's own Ward. Would it
not in the circumstances be a courteous and graceful
thing to postpone the opening ceremony until he
has entered on his office ? And is there any reason
why this should not be done ?"
Friday, llth January. Travelled to Bristol with
Sir William Church, Bart., President of the University
College Colston Society, in order to attend the annual
dinner this evening. We are to be the guests to-
night of the Lord Mayor of Bristol at the Mansion
Saturday, 12th January. I left Bristol to spend
the week-end with my friend Lord Fitzhardinge at
Berkeley, and had a pleasant time. He was Master
of the Berkeley Hounds, and a very agreeable host.
The kennels, the shorthorns, and the duck decoy,
the salmon fishing in the Severn, were all shown
to me, and all interested me much. I was put into
the Blue Room, where there was supposed to be a
ghost; but he did not appear to me, although I took
AT BERKELEY CASTLE 87
a Welsh rarebit and a tankard of home-brewed
October ale for supper as an inducement.
I enjoyed my week-end at Berkeley Castle; his
Lordship was most kind. I happened to say I found
silk tights and knee-breeches very cold wear, and
shortly after I got home he sent me a pair of woollen
stockings which he had knitted for me himself.
He used to send me yearly a haunch of venison
with a cheery letter. He died at the ripe age of
eighty-six on the 5th of December, 1916.
Monday, 14th January. I gave a luncheon at the
Mansion House in connection with a movement to
present a testimonial to Mr. John Kirk, Secretary
to the Ragged School Union, when I heartily thanked
that gentleman for all the help he had rendered in
selecting the recipients for my annual distribution
of Christmas hampers. Lord Kinnaird presided over
the subsequent meeting, as I had to leave to go to
a memorial service at 3 .
He moved in my name, and seconded in his own,
" That after Mr. John Kirk's forty years' service as
Secretary of the Ragged School Union, the time had
come when he should be presented with a suitable
I went in state, accompanied by the Sheriffs, to
St. Lawrence Jewry, to a memorial service for my
dear frieud Mr. Winzar, the Swordbearer, a good
ceremonial officer, a good friend, and an honest,
Dined at the Mansion House with the members of
the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs' Committee. This is called
the " Audit Dinner," and is the completion of the
Committee's labours. The Lord Mayor and Sheriffs
presented the Chairman (Mr. Deputy Weingott) with
88 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
a diamond scarf-pin, and the Secretary (Mr. Roy
Treloar) with a gold watch.
Tuesday, 15th January. Received a Wesleyan
deputation at 1 1 .
Attended a Wilson Trust Committee, 12.
Presided at Court of Aldermen, i .
Presided at a Court of the Royal Waterloo Hospital
for Women and Children at Waterloo Bridge Road, 3.
Attended a meeting at the Holborn Town Hall
at 4.20, convened by the Mayor, Alderman Donaldson
Rawlings, in aid of my Fund. Mr. Sheriff Dunn
was with me, and amongst those present were Lord
Alverstone, Mr. Reader Harris, K.C., Mr. Justice
Kennedy, Mr. Justice Parker, Sir Edward Clarke,
K.C., Mr. Justice Joyce, and Lord Macnaughten,
who moved the following resolution after I had
explained my scheme: "That the opinion of this
Committee is that the scheme deserves the support
Attended a meeting re the Dwellings of the Poor,
Mansion House, at 5.30.
Entertained at dinner at the Mansion House my
colleaguss of the Court of Aldermen, the Sheriffs,
and the high officers of the Corporation. 65 guests.
Wednesday, 16th January. The members of the
Farringdon Club Ward visited the new Sessions
House, Old Bailey, at 1 1 .
Received a deputation re French Hospital to
luncheon at the Mansion House.
Attended an entertainment at Newington Baths
given by the Mayor of Southwark (Mr. R. D. Hilton)
to crippled children. The Lady Mayoress accom-
Presided at King's College School Old Boys'
KING'S COLLEGE SCHOOL OLD BOYS 89
Dinner, Grand Hall, Hotel Cecil. This was to me
a very interesting and happy evening. One of the
speakers referred to the fact that the Lord Chief
Justice of England, the Speaker of the House of
Commons, the Astronomer Royal, and the Lord
Mayor were at the present moment Old Boys of
King's College School. Lord Alverstone proposed
my health, and said that he had been attending
these annual dinners for some time with one sinister
hope, and that was that he might one day meet
again the boy who had knocked out one of his front
teeth. He said that he remembered he used to
attend chapel very regularly, and he regretted to
have to add that he could not remember young
Treloar being there very much. He then proceeded
darkly to remind me that at an Old Boys' dinner
about six years ago, when I was present, being then
a Sheriff, I had made a certain contract, and signed
a certain document, which had also been signed
by about 1 50 witnesses, and he went on to add that
if I did not fulfil the provisions of that document
within, say, the next seven months of my Lord
Mayoralty, he would personally institute a suit
against me which would be without parallel in the
whole annals of English jurisprudence, and in which
he would be at once witness, counsel, and judge.
I chaffed him in reply on not producing the docu-
ment. Was his Lordship afraid to produce it ? In
its absence I denied its existence. It was only the
bluff of a clever lawyer. One of the papers next
day said it was like two schoolboys meeting again,
and rotting each other. The contract was that I
had promised to have the Old Boys to dinner at
the Mansion House. I fulfilled this contract later on.
90 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Thursday, 17th January. Presided at a Committee
of the whole Court at 12.15, and at a Court of Common
Council at i .
The King has fixed the 27th of February next for
opening the new Sessions House, Old Bailey.
Mr. Ernest Lamb, M.P., moved that on the occasion
of the Colonial Conference, the representatives of the
Colonies be invited to an entertainment in Guildhall,
and that addresses be presented to the Prime Minis-
ters of the Colonies. The mover of such a resolution
is chosen to be Chairman of the Committee for carry-
ing out the work; he attains this position by being
the first to lodge with the Town Clerk notice of the
proposal. At this Court we elected Mr. E. M.
Borrajo, Librarian, in place of Mr. Welch, resigned.
I informed the Court that Sir Dighton Probyn had
written to me, intimating that the King would give
a thousand guineas to the Fund which His Majesty
anticipated would be opened at the Mansion House
for the sufferers from the Jamaica earthquake.
Mr. Williamson proposed, and Sir Joseph Savory
seconded, a motion that the Corporation subscribe
a thousand guineas, and it was resolved accordingly.
In the evening attended at Freemasons' Hall, and
was elected for a second term Worshipful Master of
St. Mary's Lodge. Afterwards dined at Lodge.
Friday, 18th January. I find in my diary that
there was a meeting of actors at the Mansion House
re my Cripples' Fund, and that we afterwards lunched,
but I have no record of the names of those present.
Attended the International Cookery Exhibition
at 3.30, at the Grand Hotel, and had a very amusing
time there. My daughter presented the prizes.
Presided at the City of London College, Moorfields,
SIR EDWARD CLARKE 91
where an address was presented to me by my dear
friend Sir Edward Clarke, who is Chairman of the
I presented the prizes to the students. I think
Sir Edward Clarke was an object-lesson to them all.
When fourteen years old he was a student there,
and we all know what his life has been. Politics is
a thing I do not think much of there is too much
intrigue in it. Sometimes the professional politician
thinks more of his party than of his country; Sir
Edward thought more of his country than his party,
and the party would not put up with him in con-
sequence, and, therefore, the country loses the ser-
vices of one of the most honest and straightforward
men in the world.
Saturday, 19th January. The Lady Mayoress
presented the prizes at the Drill Hall, Bunhill Row,
to the successful members of the London Rifle
Brigade, at 8 o'clock. Among those present were
the Sheriffs, Lord Bingham (Lieut .-Colonel), Major-
General Mackinnon, and Colonel the Hon. T. J.
Sunday, 20th January. Attended in state with
Sheriff Dunn a service at St. Bartholomew the Great,
when the Bishop of London inducted as Rector
the Rev. W. F. G. Sandwith, and at the same time
unveiled and dedicated the window of the Lady
Chapel, thus bringing the work of restoration to a
Monday, 21st January. A meeting of the John
Kirk Testimonial Committee at 4.30, at 32, John
Attended, at 8, with Sheriff Dunn a reception of
the Mayor and Mayoress of Woolwich (Mr. and Mrs.
92 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
W. J. Squires) at the Town Hall. There were 400
people present. We had supper afterwards in the
Mayor's Parlour, and got home rather late.
Tuesday, 22nd January. Presided at a meeting
in the Egyptian Hall at 3.30 of the Friendly Workers
among the Poor.
At 4 a meeting of the Finance Committee of the
Hospital Sunday Fund.
Dined at the Albion, Aldersgate Street, which used
to be a famous City dining place, with the John
Carpenter Club, Mr. J. Lulham Pound presiding.
Wednesday, 23rd January. Meeting of the
Governors of St. Bride's Foundation at 5.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Spectacle
Makers at Carpenters' Hall, the Master, Mr. Hylton
Afterwards went to the Cafe Royal, Regent
Street, to a supper of the Bons Freres Club (a late
Thursday, 24th January. To Madame Tussaud's,
with the Sheriffs, Miss Treloar, Miss Crosby, and
Miss Dunn, to a poor children's treat. They had
tea at many tables in the rooms with the wax figures.
The children cheered loud enough almost to wake up
The members of the Court of Common Council
dined with me at the Mansion House. Mr. Domoney,
the Chairman of the City Lands Committee, and
Mr. Deputy Algar, Chairman of the Bridge House
Estates Committee, replied for the toast of the even-
ing. 271 guests.
Sir Edward Clarke proposed the toast of the
London County Council and the Metropolitan
Boroughs, to which Mr. Evan Spicer, the Chairman
THE AUSTRALIAN COMMONWEALTH 93
of the County Council, and Mr. G. W. Tallents, the
Mayor of Westminster, responded.
Saturday, 26th January. Presided at a meeting
in the saloon of the Mansion House of the Advisory
Committee of the Balkan States Exhibition at 12.
The Servian and the Bulgarian Ministers spoke, and
Mr. William Le Queux moved a vote of thanks to
me. Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria sent me a telegram
from his Sofia Palace, wishing success to the proposed
Attended a matinee at the Alhambra at 3 in aid
of the Jamaica Earthquake Fund.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Fruiterers
at Skinners' Hall, the Master, Mr. Alfred Bull,
Sunday, 27th January. Visited the Browning
Street Settlement, Walworth Road, at 3.15, Mr. H.
Stead receiving us.
Monday, 28th January. Opened the Sessions at
the Central Criminal Court at 10. (Mr. Justice
Kennedy; 59 prisoners.)
Meeting of Jamaica Earthquake Committee at 12
at the Mansion House.
Presided at the Mansion House at 4 at a meeting
of the British Science Guild. The Rt. Hon. R. B.
Haldane, K.C., proposed the adoption of the report,
and the Hon. and Rev. Canon Lyttelton seconded it,
which was carried.
Attended the first annual dinner of the Australian
Commonwealth at the Trocadero, Lord Tennyson
presiding. In his speech he gave utterance to four
distinct hopes. His first hope was the establishment
of a distinct scheme or co-operative system for the
defence of the Empire; his second, that an Imperial
94 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Intelligence Department should be organized for the
purpose of educating Cabinet Ministers; his third,
preferential tariffs; his fourth, that Lord Elgin
should preside over the conference.
Tuesday, 29th January. At the invitation of Mr.
E. A. Smith, Deputy Chairman of the Stock Exchange,
I paid a visit to the institution at 12. They sang,
" He's a jolly good fellow," and called for a speech.
I told them that Lord Mayors did not make speeches
before lunch. A conversation between two of the
members was heard; one said, "What a grand
reception the Lord Mayor got !" " Yes," said the
other, " of course he did, for are we not all ' cripples '
just now ?"
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Loriners
at De Keyser's Hotel, the Master, Mr. John Gibbs,
Looked in afterwards at the Camberwell and
Dulwich Pension Society at Holborn Restaurant,
Mr. Howard Colls presiding.
Wednesday, 30th January. Attended the recep-
tion of the Mayor of Finsbury (the Rev. George H.
Perry), at the Town Hall.
Thursday, 31st January. Presided at the Court of
Common Council at i .
City and Guilds Institute Meeting in the Egyptian
Hall, prizes distributed by Sir E. Busk at 8.
Friday, 1st February. Meeting of the Actors'
Committee at Mansion House at 12.30.
Meeting of the Gresham Committee at 2.30.
Retirement of Sir John Watney reported.
Saturday, 2nd February. I was present at 10.15
with the Sheriffs at the service at the new West End
Synagogue. I did not go in state. I was received
AT THE SYNAGOGUE 95
by Mr. Meyer A. Spielmann, one of the Wardens,
and Mr. Jerrold N. Joseph, and was seated between
them in the Warden's pew; a beautiful sermon was
preached by the Chief Rabbi from the following
text, taken from 2 Samuel ix. 13 : " So Mephibosheth
dwelt in Jerusalem; for he did eat continually at
the king's table; and was lame on both his feet."
Meeting at Mansion House of National Society of
French Masters. Distribution of prizes at 4, and
afterwards tea. The Lady Mayoress was present.
M. Cambon, the French Ambassador, gave us an
Dined this evening with the Society at the Cafe
Royal, Regent Street. M. Cambon presided, and
we had a very pleasant time.
Sunday, 3rd February. Distributed the prizes at
the Victoria Boys' Club, Fordham Street, E., at 3.30.
Monday, 4th February. Attended committee meet-
ing re Colonial Premiers at Guildhall at 1 2 .
Attended Jamaica Earthquake Committee, Mansion
House, 12.30. Presided at meeting re Dr. Barnado's
Homes at Grosvenor House, lent by the Duke of
Westminster. Princess Henry of Battenburg, the
Bishop of London, Lord Strathcona, and Mr. Sheriff
Dunn were present.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Weavers
at the Albion Tavern, the Upper Bailiff, Mr. W. R.
Fox, presiding. Admiral Sir Compton Domville
said, " that the bogy of the German Emperor was
responsible for the recent naval redistribution
Tuesday, 5th February. A meeting of the City
Imperial Volunteers' Trustees was held at Mansion
House at i .
96 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
After luncheon, the Lady Mayoress held a reception
from 3 to 5.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Carmen
at De Keyser's Hotel, the Master, Mr. C. E. Scholes,
presiding. He gave me a handsome cheque on behalf
of the Company for my Fund.
Wednesday, 6th February. Amongst my guests at
lunch was Mr. Paiza Okada, of Kobe 1 , Japan.
Meeting at 4 of Queen Victoria Clergy Fund at
St. Paul's Cathedral; afterwards tea at the Chapter
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Dyers,
the Master, Mr. Arthur Brewin, presiding.
Thursday, 7th February. Paid a visit with Sheriff
Dunn, at 2.30, to the Crown Theatre, Peckham,
where a performance was given in aid of my Fund.
The Mayor of Camberwell, Mr. Lane Mitchell, and
Dr. Macnamara, M.P., were present.
Attended, with the Lady Mayoress, children's
party at St. Bride's Institute at 5.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Skinners
at their hall, the Master, Colonel St. John Roche,
Afterwards attended the Mayor of Southwark
(Mr. Robert D. Hilton) at the Town Hall.
Friday, 8th February. Received to luncheon the
members of the Local Marine Board.
Paid a visit with the Lady Mayoress and Sheriffs
to the Kennington Theatre, where a special matine'e
was given in aid of my Fund.
Afterwards to Hoxton Baths, Pitfield Street,
Hoxton, where the Mayor, Mr. Edward T. Pearce,
gave a treat to poor crippled children.
Dined at the Wilson Dinner to Aldermen at the
THE PRESS CLUB 97
Mansion House. Afterwards went to the dinner
held by the Scottish Provident Institution in the
new building just erected close to the Mansion House.
Saturday, 9th February. Attended Savage Club at 4.
Dined at the Press Club in Wine Office Court, the
Hon. Harry Lawson, M.P., presiding. I have been
a member of the Club for years, and am well known
to the members. We had a very festive, not to say
uproarious, night. Directly the dinner commenced
one of the members smashed a plate with a hammer
to call attention to a Lord Mayor's show. This
included the Recorder, the City Marshal on a hobby-
horse, the Worshipful Company of Street Sweepers,
the City Hangman with gallows, the City Ratcatcher
with a mousetrap. The Recorder then recited an
ode which was engraved on parchment, and sealed.
From this famous document I quote a few lines :
" Lord Mayor ! and member of this ancient Club,
We greet you in tumultuous hub-hub !
We hail you ! and our welcome fills the air
Most just, most admirable Lord Mayor !
For once, your civic robes are thrown aside ;
But see ! the Press Club Marshal comes astride
Upon his prancing hobby-horse so neat
(The sole equestrian emblem of Fleet Street 1)
The Press Club hangman with his hempen cord
Proclaims the presence of the Mayoral Lord ;
And hopes that with us you will deign to stop,
However late the feast or long the drop !
Though plain the fare (how can the fair be plain ?),
We trust that when you've cut you'll come again;
And if the fare be plain, 'tis wholesome fare
And easily digested, O Lord Mayor !
No turtle soup comes swimming to the board,
We have no plovers' eggs or quails, my lord 1
We hope your gourmand tastes will not be dashed
By sight or sound of sausages and mashed 1
9 8 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
So clash the cymbals, bang the booming drums
For, see ! to our Royal Court the Lord Mayor comes !
Not in a gilded chariot cometh he
(With stately serving men on bended knee),
To take we hope with grace the noisy babel
Of rapturous welcome from the Bottom Table.
And if discretion's overrun by zeal,
We only tell you, sir, just what we feel 1"
I was then taken to the bottom table, and a fearful
oath was administered to me. Then the freedom
of the bottom table was conferred upon me, and
we drank from a housemaid's galvanised pail (called
After dinner the Recorder again recited, and
invested me, " 'Mid dreadful oaths beneath this
solemn gable, with the full freedom of the bottom
table." Then gongs were banged, lights were put
out, blue flames emitted, etc., etc. After all this
we had a very fine entertainment and concert,
and Mr. Sheriff Dunn and I got away about
Sunday, 10th February. Went in state to St.
Andrew's, Holborn, to service at 1 1 .
Monday, llth February. Meeting of Jamaica
Earthquake Committee at 12, Mansion House.
Meeting of John Kirk Testimonial Committee at 4,
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Coopers
at Hotel Me"tropole ladies' dinner; the Lady
Mayoress unable to be present. The Sheriffs and
their daughters were present. Mr. John Jackson,
the Master, presided.
Afterwards attended reception of the Mayor of
St. Marylebone, Sir T. Brooke Hitching, at the Ritz
THE SPHINX CLUB 99
And then to Lady Portsmouth's reception at
Tuesday, 12th February. Parliament opened. I
attended in the West Gallery at the House of Lords.
Meeting of Wilson Trust Committee at Guildhall,
Court of Aldermen at i .
The Duchess of Albany lunched at the Mansion
House, and afterwards opened an Exhibition of
pictures by eminent artists at the Guildhall in aid
of my Cripples' Fund. The exhibits were all for
sale, and included works by Sir L. Alma Tadema,
R.A., Mr. D. Farquharson, A.R.A., Professor Von
Herkomer, R.A., Sir John Tenniel, R.I., Sir J. D.
Linton, R.I., Mr. Yeend King, V.P., R.I., and many
others. I anticipate a good result.
A meeting at Mansion House of the Council of
the Dwellings of the Poor at 5.
Drury Lane Lodge meeting at Hotel Cecil to
install Dr. Armitage.
Dined with the London Meat Trades and Drovers'
Benevolent Association, Criterion Restaurant, Mr.
Arthur F. Gain in the chair.
Wednesday, 13th February. Dined with the Sphinx
Club at the Hotel Cecil, Mr. Ralston Balch in the
chair. There was an unfortunate breakdown in the
arrangements; the Sphinx was to have given an
address, the lights were put out, the eyes of the
Sphinx shone and sparkled, but his inside a gramo-
phone would not work. However, 61 was collected
for my Fund, so his (or her) silence was golden after all.
Thursday, 14th February. I attended the Levee
held by the King at St. James's Palace, being pre-
sented by the Marquis of Ripon.
ioo A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Presided at a Court of Common Council at i .
Attended a lecture in Egyptian Hall by Dr. E.
Reid. This was a meeting of the National Service
League, at which Earl Roberts spoke.
Attended St. Mary's Lodge Chapter Dinner,
Attended a smoking concert of the Royal Amateur
Orchestral Society at Queen's Hall. The Prince of
Wales presided, and His Majesty the King was
present, as was Count Mensdorff, the Marquis de
Several, the Earl of Pembroke, the Duke of Rich-
mond, Lord Alverstone, Lord Bridport, Dr. Nansen,
and Sir John Fisher. Between the two parts refresh-
ments were dispensed, and His Majesty and the
Prince rose from their seats and chatted with many
of the visitors. The King had a fairly long con-
versation with me, much to my delight.
Friday, 15th February. Presided at Mansion House
at 3 at a meeting of the General Purposes Committee
of the Hospital Sunday Fund.
Attended dinner of the Hunterian Society, at
Skinners' Hall, Dr. Sheriff Crosby in the chair.
Attended Lady Durning-Lawrence's reception at
Carlton House Terrace.
Afterwards went, at 1 1.45 p.m., with Sheriff Dunn
to the Gaiety Restaurant to sup with the Shakespeare
Lodge; Mr. Adrian Pollock, W.M., who proposed
the guests, and asked Mr. Beerbohm Tree and me
to respond. Mr. Bourchier proposed the health of
the W.M.; Mr. Anthony Hope proposed the Lodge,
to which Mr. Forbes Lancaster, K.C., responded.
The toast of the Sheriffs was given by Mr. H. B.
Irving, and responded to by Sheriff Dunn.
Saturday, 16th February. A party of some forty
TO HELP THE DESTITUTE 101
children from the L.C.C. Islington School visited
the Mansion House this afternoon.
Presided at Hotel Cecil at the annual dinner of
the London Cornish Association, when 500 guests
were present, including Mr. Sheriff Dunn, Sir Edwin
Durning-Lawrence, Lord Courtney of Penwith, Sir
G. W. Truscott, all with their ladies. My daughter
came in place of the Lady Mayoress. The Duke of
Cornwall sent a gracious reply to a telegram, and
we were all very happy.
Sunday, 17th February. Attended, with the
Sheriffs, a dinner at the Hotel Great Central given
by Maccabeans, Sir George F. Faudel-Phillips pre-
siding a large and very pleasant company.
Monday, 18th February. Presided on Founders'
Day at the Providence Row Night Refuge, a charity
founded by the late Monseigneur Gilbert. The Lady
Mayoress and the Sheriffs accompanied me. There
is in this institution no question of creed, only a
question of need; those who were destitute were
helped, even though they might not be worthy.
Dined with the officers of the London Rifle Brigade
at the Grand Hotel, Charing Cross. No speeches.
Tuesday, 19th February. Opened the Central Poor
Law Conference at 10.30 at Guildhall. Received
Mr. Walter Long and others. Called attention to
the fact that in London there are more than 10,000
poor children crippled by tuberculosis of bones and
joints, and the necessity for Poor Law Guardians
and others to try and stamp out this terrible
Received a Scottish deputation at 1 1 .30 in the
Long Parlour, before they went to Post Office.
Presided at Salvation Army meeting at 4.30 at
102 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Salisbury House, London Wall. Mr. Sheriff Dunn,
and many other citizens, members of the Stock
Exchange and of the Corporation, were present.
General Booth gave an interesting address, pointing
out that he started the movement forty-one years
ago. He was about to start on a journey to China
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Salters
at their hall in St. Swithin's Lane, the Master, Mr.
Henry Curwen, presiding. One of the speakers
talked of the silly cry of mending or ending the
House of Lords.
I have noticed that frequently those who are very
loud in expressing their wish for mending the House
of Lords or the Court of Aldermen end up by trying
to become members of the body complained of. I
suppose they think that is the only way to mend or
Wednesday, 20th February. Members of the Irish
Society attended before me at 10.45 at the Mansion
House to make the customary declaration. Sir
Alfred Newton, Bart., the Governor, Mr. William
Cooper, Deputy Governor, Sir Joseph Savory, Bart.,
and others, were there.
Attended a meeting of the General Court of
Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty at No. 3, Dean's
Yard, Westminster, at 2.45.
Attended a meeting in aid of my Cripples' Fund
at the Town Hall, Finsbury, at 3.30.
Dined with the London County Council Lodge
of Freemasons at Hotel Cecil.
Went afterwards to the Trocadero, where the Silk
Association dinner was held, under the presidency
of Sir Thomas \Vardle.
SOUTH AFRICAN PRODUCTS EXHIBITION 103
Thursday, 21st February. Attended at 12 the
opening of a new fire station in Cannon Street by
Mr. Evan Spicer, Chairman of the London County
Council. Mr. Spicer very gracefully allowed the
Lady Mayoress to perform the actual ceremony of
dedicating the station to the public by giving the
Attended a matine'e at the Hackney Empire in aid
of my Cripples' Fund at 4, the Mayor (Dr. Miller)
Dined with the Urban Club at their annual ladies'
dinner at the Gaiety Restaurant, my daughter with
me, and Sheriff Dunn and his daughter.
Friday, 22nd February. Received a deputation of
the Water Board at 12.45 at the Mansion House.
The Bishop of Stepney called at 5.30, by appoint-
Presided at the dinner of the Ancient Society of
Cogers in Lincoln's Inn. My daughter was with me.
Lord Avebury delivered a very interesting address
upon Parliamentary representation; during the even-
ing it was announced that Mr. A. J. Balfour had
become one of the Vice-Presidents of the Society of
which I am the President.
Saturday, 23rd February. His Majesty the King
opened a South African Products Exhibition at the
Royal Horticultural Hall, Westminster, at 12. The
Queen came with His Majesty, as did also the Prince
and Princess of Wales. Other members of the Royal
Family were present. The Lady Mayoress and my
daughter were present, and the Sheriffs, with their
daughters. We afterwards lunched with the Mayor
and Mayoress of Westminster, Mr. and Mrs. G. W r .
Tallents, at 49, Warwick Square.
io 4 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
As Honorary Colonel of the ist City of London
Garrison Artillery I attended at Guildhall at 8, to
present challenge cups and prizes; the Sheriffs, Miss
Treloar, Miss Crosby, and Miss Dunn were present.
Afterwards we went to an At Home of the regiment
at Cannon Street Hotel.
Sunday, 24th February. To St. Paul's Cathedral in
state at 3.15, when a sermon in aid of my Cripples'
Fund was preached by the Bishop of Stepney, and
a collection was taken.
Monday, 25th February. Opened the Sessions of
Central Criminal Court at 10. (Mr. Justice Ridley;
Presided at Committee of Jamaica Earthquake
Fund at Mansion House at 12.
Attended in state a concert at Wandsworth Town
Hall at 8 in aid of my Cripples' Fund. Mr. and Mrs.
James Wise, the Mayor and Mayoress, received us,
my daughter, and the Sheriffs and their daughters.
Purses were presented to Miss Treloar, and the
Mayor said he intended to send 250 to the Fund.
Tuesday, 26th February. Received the Judge, Mr.
Justice Ridley, at Central Criminal Court at 10.30.
Afterwards rehearsed proceedings at Old Bailey
for to-morrow, when the King opens the Courts.
Attended at 4 at the Guildhall School of Music
inauguration of a new organ, Mr. Paul Alliston,
Presided at 8 in Egyptian Hall at a conversazione
of the London City Mission.
Attended at 10.30 the Aldersgate ball, King's Hall,
Wednesday, 27th February. His Majesty the King
opened the new Central Criminal Courts, Old Bailey.
OPENING THE OLD BAILEY 105
He was accompanied by Her Majesty the Queen.
With the Sheriffs in full state, I wearing an Earl's
robe, we met their Majesties at the City Boundary,
where Temple Bar used to stand, and alighting from
our state carriages, waited on foot; after I had
presented the pearl sword, and the King had re-
turned it, we entered our carriages and preceded
their Majesties to the Old Bailey, arriving punctually
at 12 o'clock. I walked in front of their Majesties,
bearing aloft the pearl sword, and they took their
seats upon chairs of gold and crimson velvet under
a canopy fringed and tasselled with gold. A screen
of white silk, embroidered with the royal arms and
lion and crown, was behind the chairs, which were
on a raised dais, on either side of which in broad
alcoves were the guests. The King wore a Field
Marshal's uniform and the ribbon of the Garter;
the Queen a costume and toque of black velvet,
with touches of heliotrope. I presented the Lady
Mayoress, who offered the Queen a bouquet of lilies
of the valley, which was graciously accepted. Every-
one now being in position, the Recorder, making
three obeisances, read the address. Afterwards I,
kneeling, gave the address to the King; then His
Majesty made his reply.
I then presented the King with a gold key, adorned
with gems and a royal crown in diamonds.
The Archbishop of Canterbury offered a prayer,
and the King then said: " I declare this building
now open." Then there was a fanfare of trumpets,
and I presented the two senior Aldermen present,
Sir Whittaker Ellis, Bart., and Sir Joseph Savory,
Bart.; the Recorder, Sir Forrest Fulton, K.C.; the
Common Serjeant, Mr. F. A. Bosanquet, K.C.; the
1 06 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
two Sheriffs; the other Judges of the City; the
Chairman of the City Lands Committee, and the
The honour of knighthood was then conferred on
the Common Serjeant, the King borrowing a sword
to give the accolade. The Lord Chamberlain then
called, " Mr. Charles Williams, to receive the honour
of knighthood." No Mr. Charles Williams appeared,
and there was a solemn silence. I then conducted
their Majesties to the lift, in which we were borne
upstairs to the Courts. This lift is a very small one;
I have had it measured : the floor of it is 4 feet i inch
by i foot 9 inches.
I hesitated as to going in, but His Majesty laugh-
ingly said: " We can make room for you, my Lord
Mayor come in," so the King, the Queen, the Lord
Mayor, and the lift attendant were closely packed.
The Judges and all the other notabilities went up the
staircase. The moment we reached the handsome
Central Hall, the King's eye caught the Richmond
fresco at the north end, representing nymphs
dancing. I suppose they are nymphs; they have
no clothes on. " Not very appropriate to a Court
of Justice," said His Majesty, with a quiet laugh.
I conducted the King and Queen to the chief
court, where the Lord Chief Justice and other Judges
When their Majesties had taken their seats, Lord
Alverstone, in the unavoidable absence of the Lord
Chancellor, gave an address, at the conclusion of
which their Majesties, bowing to the company,
retired, and I conducted their Majesties to the ground
floor. Here the knighting mistake was remedied,
Mr. Charles Matthews, K.C., in wig and gown ap-
ROYAL APPROVAL 107
peared, and the King, smiling genially, gave him
the accolade with the Lord Chamberlain's sword.
His Majesty, before leaving, expressed to me his
entire appreciation of the arrangements, and stated
that he and the Queen were pleased with what was
a delightful function.
I received with great pleasure a letter from Sir
Whittaker Ellis, Bart., the senior Alderman, dated
the 28th, from Upper Brook Street. In it he
" Being nearest to you throughout the proceedings
of yesterday, I cannot help recording at the earliest
opportunity my admiration at the manner in which
you carried through a difficult ceremony in all its
details and changes."
It was pleasant to receive such a spontaneous
commendation from the senior Alderman, and I much
Presided at a meeting of the Committee of the
National Lifeboat Institution, City Branch, at 3.
There was a large attendance, including Lord Ave-
bury, Captain Ackland, and the Deputy Master of
the Mint (Mr. McCartney).
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Grocers
at their hall, the Master (Mr. William Grantham)
presiding. The Marquis of Lansdowne was presented
with the honorary freedom of the Company. Mr.
A. J. Balfour, M.P., the Earl of Kerry, Mr. Justice
Grantham, Sir Gorrel Barnes, Mr. Sheriff Crosby,
Mr. Sheriff Dunn, and many others were present.
Thursday, 28th February. Presided at a meeting
of the Court of Common Council, when I informed
the Court that the King had expressed his entire
satisfaction, and that the Queen and he thought the
io8 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
function yesterday was a delightful one. I con-
gratulated Mr. Domoney, the Chairman of the City
Lands, on the great success of the efforts made by
him and his Committee.
Friday, 1st March. Privileges Committee of Court
of Aldermen at 12.30.
Presided at the Mansion House at the usual dinner
to the Masters of the City Companies and their
ladies. This was a very large and important gather-
ing. 304 guests.
Saturday, 2nd March. Meeting of children of the
British and Foreign Bible Society at the Mansion
House at 3.
Parties from the British Rambling Club and the
Borough Polytechnic visited the Mansion House.
Monday, 4th March. Jamaica Earthquake Com-
John Kirk Testimonial Committee at 4.
Dined with the Port of London Sanitary Committee
of the Corporation at Leathersellers' Hall, Mr. H. S.
Dove, the Chairman, presiding. The late Chairman,
Mr. Hastings Miller, was presented with an elegant
silver candelabra as a souvenir of his year of office,
the fund for which was subscribed by the members
of the Committee.
Tuesday, 5th March. " This is the Lord Mayor's
first appearance in the part. A soft-voiced lady in
black stood upon the stage of Drury Lane Theatre,
holding the hand of gigantic, dignified Sir William
Treloar; the lady who made the introduction was
Lady Bancroft. It was Cripples' Day at Drury
Lane, and she was pleading the cripples' cause, and
introducing the cripples' friend; the appearance on
the stage of these two figures hand-in-hand provided
MATINEE AT DRURY LANE 109
the enthusiastic moment of enthusiastic hours."
Extract from the Daily Mail.
The matine'e given in aid of my Fund at Drury
Lane Theatre by permission of Mr. Arthur Collins
and the Directors was a wonderful success. Miss
Winifred Emery gave a recitation which touched all
hearts. Mr. Tree and his companions played The
Man Who Was ; Edward Terry recited the trial
scene from Bardell v. Pickwick; the Drury Lane
Company acted a scene from the pantomime, Sinbad ;
Mr. Cyril Maude showed us The Beauty and the
Barge, and other items were happily sung or said
by Mr. Huntley Wright, Mr. Lewis Waller, Mr. H. B.
Irving, Mr. Ben Davies, Miss Margaret Cooper, and
Mdlle. Gene"e, Mr. Fred Upton, Mr. Alfred Lester,
and Mr. J. M. Glover.
The Committee who arranged this show for the
benefit of my Fund consisted of the following viz.:
Sir Squire Bancroft, Mr. Beerbohm Tree, Mr. George
Alexander, Mr. Cyril Maude, Mr. Arthur Bourchier,
Mr. Fred Terry, Mr. F. Harrison, Mr. Otho Stuart,
Mr. Lewis Waller, Mr. Seymour Hicks, Mr. George
Edwards, Mr. Edward Terry, Mr. Lionel Brough,
and Mr. H. V. Leveaux, and it is not, therefore,
surprising that the affair was such a success.
The programme was a long one; the show, which
commenced at 1.30, was not completed until 6.15.
My friend " Jimmy " Glover conducted the over-
ture. There was a " Blue Hungry Band " with Mr.
Joe Coyne as drum-major for the prehistoric Lord
Mayor's Show, arranged so admirably by Mr. E. T.
Reed, assisted by Mr. Edmund Payne. Some people
thought that the Lord Mayor's coach was rather
like a wheelbarrow. There were some old Red
MATINEE AT DRURY LANE 1 1 1
Sandstone Highlanders, who were very much ap-
plauded; and Mr. George Grossmith, jr., made a
fine appearance on a hobby-horse as City Marshal.
Everyone carried away a copy of the very interest-
ing programme of the occasion, which will, I fancy,
become a valuable record and a memorable evidence
of the invariable desire of the members of the theatri-
cal profession to give their time, experience, and best
efforts to help the cause of charity. All fun and
frolic, and a fine cheque for i ,000 for me at the end.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of the Gold
and Silver Wire Drawers at Clothworkers' Hall,
Mr. Richard Stapley, C.C., the Master, presiding.
Wednesday, 6th March. I presided at a meeting
at Guildhall at 12, called by citizens, to whom the
Guildhall was lent by the Corporation, when a
resolution strongly protesting against the charges
proposed to be made by the Metropolitan Water
Board was carried unanimously.
Lady Beatrice Wilkinson and others to lunch at
i .30. Lady Mayoress' reception, 3 to 6.
Meeting of Lord Roberts' Committee re Rifle Clubs
at 3.45, Mansion House.
Attended Grand Lodge, Freemasons' Hall, at 6,
and proposed the re-election of the Duke of Con-
naught as Most Worshipful Grand Master.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Glass
Sellers at De Keyser's Hotel, the Master, Mr. T.
Went afterwards to the Trocadero, where a banquet
was held, with Lord Burnham in the chair, in honour
of Thomas Catling, an old and very well-known
journalist who had been editor of Lloyd's. All the
newspapers were represented by their proprietors
ii2 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
or editors. A handsome and well-deserved testi-
monial was presented by the Chairman, who made a
charming speech, full of reminiscences of Fleet Street.
Thursday, 7th March. Visited, with Sheriff Dunn,
the Commercial Motor Exhibition at Olympia, and
lunched with the Society of Motor Manufacturers
and Traders, who gave me 52 ics. for my Fund.
I called attention to the possibilities of motor
transport. I said some of the best intellects of our
engineers and others connected with this trade were
at work on the motor industry ; individual enterprise
had made this country great, and individual enter-
prise would eventually knock out of time altogether
municipal trading. As time went the brains which
were now at work on this industry would produce
something which would make the trams of the present
Mr. Straker, who followed me, said it would only
be a question of time for commercial motors to con-
trol the destinies of our street traffic.
Received at the Mansion House two Dutch heroes,
Captains Sperling and Jansen, who were instru-
mental in saving lives from the steamer Berlin,
wrecked at the Hook of Holland a week or two ago.
Attended a performance of Fra Diavolo by
students at the Guildhall School of Music.
Afterwards went to the Great Central Hotel to
the Music Trades Dinner.
Friday, 8th March. Received a deputation of the
City of London Truss Society at i .
Dined with the Officers' and Clerks' Committee
at De Keyser's Hotel, Mr. J. J. Redding presiding.
Afterwards went to Mrs. Lowther's At Home, in the
Speaker's House at Westminster.
A FOOTBALL DINNER 113
Saturday, 9th March. A party of forty girls from
Islington L.C.C. schools visited the Mansion House.
The Duke of Somerset and others to lunch.
Went to Fulham with Sheriff Dunn to see a match
at football between the Corinthians (amateurs) and
Newcastle United (professionals), the latter winning
by 5 goals to 2. I presented the shield and medals
to the winners, and both teams dined with me at the
Mansion House in the evening. Lord Kinnaird and
others present. 51 guests.
Sunday, 10th March. Attended in state a service
at 4 o'clock at Excelsior Hall, Mansfield Street,
Bethnal Green, in aid of my Cripples' Fund. The
sermon was given by the Rev. H. S. Woollcombe,
of the Oxford House. The Mayor and Corporation
of Bethnal Green present.
Monday, llth March. Attended meeting at 1 2 of the
Naval Fund at the Royal Institution, and proposed a
vote of thanks to the Prince of Wales, who presided.
Presided at Guildhall at 3 at the annual meeting
of the East London Church Fund.
The Bishops of Stepney and of Islington, and
Lord Robert Cecil, to luncheon at the Mansion House
before the meeting.
Dined with the Sanitary Committee at De Keyser's
Hotel, Mr. Sigismund Pollitzer, Chairman, presiding.
Tuesday, 12th March. Deputation of the German
Society of Benevolence at 1 1, at Mansion House.
Wilson Trust Committee at Guildhall, 12.50.
Court of Aldermen at i .
Luncheon, Mansion House, 1.30, the guests in-
cluding Earl Crewe, the Rev. J. F. Stein, the Rev.
A. G. B. Atkinson, Archdeacon Sinclair, Mr. Ogilvy,
ii4 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Presided at a meeting of the East London Nursing
Society at the Mansion House at 3.
Meeting of Committee on Dwellings of the Poor at 5 .
Dined with the officers of the ist City of London
Volunteers at the Criterion.
Wednesday, 13th March. Luncheon at the Mansion
House to the Master of the Trinity House at 2, the
Prince of Wales present. 245 guests.
Presided at dinner of the Institute of Printers at
the Hotel Cecil. Sheriff Dunn and Miss Dunn, Mr.
Anthony Hope, the Hon. H. W. Lawson, M.P., and
many others present.
Thursday, 14th March. Court of Common Council
Presided at the annual dinner of the National
Sunday League at the Holborn Restaurant. My
daughter, the Sheriffs and their daughters, the Hon.
Harry Lawson, the Rt. Hon. Jesse Collings, Mr.
Will Crooks, and about 500 guests, not forgetting
Mr. Morrell, the founder of the League, were present.
Friday, 15th March. Attended at Marlborough
House the annual meeting of King Edward's Hospital
Fund at 1 1 .30.
Went to a matine'e at Criterion Theatre for Jamaica
Visited the Royal Hospital for Diseases of the
Chest in City Road.
Dined with members of the Jubilee Masters' Lodge
of Freemasons at the Hotel Cecil. Henry Neville
was installed as W.M. It was announced during the
evening that the Most Worshipful Grand Master,
H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught, had conferred upon
me the rank of Past Grand Warden of the Grand
Lodge of England.
THE FIRST CASE AT OLD BAILEY 115
Saturday, 16th March. Went on board the Con-
servancy steamer, starting from Temple Pier at 12.50,
to see the University boat race.
A party of about fifty of the London and Middlesex
Archaeological Society visited the Mansion House this
Presided at the 89th Anniversary Dinner of the
German Society of Benevolence at De Keyser's
Hotel. Mr. Sheriff Dunn and the German Ambas-
sador present. This charity was instituted in 1817
to relieve the want and distress of Germans in London.
I was struck with the way the donations were col-
lected : the Secretary goes with a foolscap book to
each guest, who signs the book and adds the amount
of his subscription opposite his signature.
Sunday, 17th March. Attended service in state at
St. Mary's, Bryanstone Square, in aid of my Fund.
Monday, 18th March. Opened the Sessions at
Central Criminal Court at 10, when I made a speech
to the Recorder and the other Judges present, making
this the formal opening of the new Courts. There
were forty prisoners. The first case actually dis-
posed of was that of George Sidney Bodimead, a cook,
who pleaded guilty to stealing marmalade, bacori, and
other articles belonging to his employer, a coffee-
house keeper in Fetter Lane. He was sentenced by
the Recorder to twelve months' hard labour.*
* I cannot resist at this appropriate place printing as footnote
an account I wrote of a trial, with a tragic ending, which occurred
at the Old Bailey in 1902. I was so deeply impressed by the
circumstance that I sent this description to the Globe newspaper
(December 22nd), where it appeared as from an " Eye-Witness "
under the title, " Solomon Barmash's Suicide ":
" His face haunts me as he sat in the dock at the Old Bailey
between the two other prisoners. He was paralysed in his lower
ii6 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Private meeting of the Hospital Sunday Fund at
2, at the Mansion House.
Attended concert of the City of London Residents'
Club at Cannon Street Hotel, at 7, in aid of my Fund.
Went afterwards to Bishopsgate Ward Club
Dinner, Great Eastern Hotel, Mr. Tollworthy, C.C.,
limbs, and had been carried into the dock and placed in a chair
by two warders. On his right stood his son, William, aged
twenty-six, on his left the other prisoner, Philip Bernstein, aged
thii ty-one. They had all pleaded guilty to the charge of forging
Bank of England notes, aud were now in the dock to receive
sentence from Mr. Justice Darling. Bat before the sentence was
passed, at least two hours were spent in hearing counsel in miti-
gation, and in listening to a long speech from the prisoner Bern-
stein. The young Barmash had turned informer after his arrest,
and it was in consequence of the information he had given to the
police that Bernstein appeared in the dock. It was curious to
see the way in which young Barmash watched and listened to the
rambling statement made by the man whom he had given away.
" He did not appear to be at all moved by Bernstein's words,
but looked at him and listened to him in a curious, inquisitive,
way. Neither Solomon the lather, nor William, his son, said
anything. I wondered why so much time was spent before
sentence was passed on these men; but it became evident, as
time went on, that the Judge thought one or other of the prisoners
might give information which would, perhaps, lead to the dis-
covery of the forged notes, for notes to the face value of 30,000
are supposed to be hidden somewhere.
" During these long two hours or more Solomon Barmash sat
in his chair listening and looking. He had given his age as
forty-six. He looked much older, as well he might. He had a
strong look in his face, a weather-beaten look. His forehead was
good, it was deeply furrowed; he seemed to follow everything
that was said or done ; to keep a watchful eye on the Judge and
jury; and to pay deep attention to everything the Judge said.
And when the sentences were passed, he still had the same atten-
tive look on his face. First his son was sentenced to ten years'
penal servitude. He was told that he was receiving a more
lenient sentence than he deserved because he had given information
TO EASTBOURNE 117
presiding; and then to the Fulham Football dinner
at the Holborn Restaurant.
Tuesday, 19th March. Central Criminal Court at
10.30, to receive Lord Alverstone, the Lord Chief
Justice, who made a short speech, in which he con-
gratulated the Corporation on the New Courts.
Went to Eastbourne to attend a West , Country
which had enabled the police to lay hands upon other criminals.
He was reminded of the fact that he and his father were both
sentenced for the same crime in this court some years ago, he
(then only sixteen years of age) to twelve months' imprisonment
and his father to ten years' penal servitude. Then Solomon, his
father, received his doom fifteen years' penal servitude, the
Judge reminding him that he was a forger by profession, that he
had educated his son to be a forger, and that it was owing to him
that the son was what he was.
" As each prisoner received his sentence he left the dock, the
younger Barmash walking away before the father was sentenced,
down the stairs to the cells. Two warders stepped forward
directly the sentence was pronounced upon Solomon, and lifted
him from the chair upon which he was seated. He placed one
arm round the neck of each warder, and so was carried below.
Bernstein was sentenced to twenty years' penal servitude, with
an intimation that if he gave any useful information to the police
his sentence would probably be reduced.
"The Court having adjourned at i o'clock, reopened at 2,
when three other prisoners were placed in the dock, charged with
being concerned in the same forgeries, and were found guilty.
It was while this case was proceeding, at about 4 o'clock,
that I saw someone whisper to Mr. Mathews, the King's Counsel,
and heard him in reply say ' Killed ? ' I thought he had received
information that the informer, Schmidt, was murdered, but I
soon learned that he was being told of the suicide of Solomon
Barmash. Prisoner had in some mysterious way got possession
of a revolver ; whether he had it when he was in court, or whether
he had it passed to him after he was sentenced, is not known.
I believe it was loaded in six chambers. He had placed the barrel
to his right temple and pulled the trigger, killing himself almost
at once." W. P. T.
u 8 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
dinner there to be held at the Grand Hotel. Mr.
Sheriff Dunn accompanied me; the Mayor, Mr. Keay,
Dr. James Adams, and other gentlemen, met us at
the railway-station. At the dinner, which was a
great success, the Mayor of Bexhill was present. A
pleasant evening, and a cheque for i 50 for my Fund.
Mr. Harvey Du Cros put us up, and he and Mrs.
Du Cros helped to make our visit to Eastbourne
Wednesday, 20th March. Colonel Vyvyan to
luncheon at Mansion House at i .
Presided at a meeting of the International Congress
of School Hygiene at 3.
Sir Lauder Brunton gave an address on the subject
of School Hygiene, in the course of which he said
it owed its origin to the energy and public spirit of
Professor Griesbach of Mulhausen, and its first
gathering took place in Nuremberg in April, 1904.
Dr. Macnamara said that on an examination of
245 boys and girls in a Board School in South London,
only three had absolutely sound teeth, and only three
had ever used a toothbrush.
The Mayoresses of London attended a meeting at
the Mansion House at 5.
Thursday, 21st March. Received Lord Avebury,
Sir J. Gorst, and others, at 1 1.
Court of Common Council, Guildhall, at i.
Sir Benjamin Stone was to be at Guildhall at
12.30, and I went there, as he wished to take some
photographs, in which I was to be included.
Dined with the School of Music Committee at
Cordwainers' Hall, Mr. Paul Alliston, Chairman,
presiding. A testimonial was presented to the late
Chairman, Mr. James Roll.
FIRST VISIT TO ALTON 119
Attended- the opening of the University Hotel,
Endsleigh Gardens, 9.30.
Friday, 22nd March. Went to Alton by motor-
car. My first visit. A memorable occasion. My
friend Mr. J. Hall Richardson, of the Daily Telegraph,
had told me that there had been erected at Alton, on
seventy acres of sloping grassland, bungalows to serve
as a hospital for soldiers wounded in the South
African War. With the passing of time, the need and
usefulness of these buildings had ceased and they
were resting empty and tending to decay. Here was
an opportunity. With the kind help of Lord North-
cliffe, by whose generous efforts in 1903 this soldiers'
hospital had been started, and with the most efficient
and kindly assistance of Lord Haldane, then Minister
of State for War, those buildings and the freehold
land on which they were erected became mine by
Act of Parliament.
Dined with the County Purposes Committee at
Trocadero, Mr. James Lake, Chairman, presiding.
A testimonial was presented to the late Chairman,
Mr. J. F. Bennet.
Went afterwards to Lady Havisham's At Home,
9, Grosvenor Square.
Saturday, 23rd March. Presided at distribution
of prizes by Mr. Haldane at Guildhall, at 4, to the
ist Cadet Batt. of the King's Royal Rifle Corps.
Sunday, 24th March. Went in robes to Dawes
Congregational Church, Fulham, at 3 o'clock, to
give an address on Pleasant Sunday Afternoons to
assist the Mayor, Mr. J. M. Littleboy, in his efforts
for my Cripples' Fund.
Monday, 25th March. Dined with the Billingsgate
and Leadenhall Markets Committee at the Imperial
Restaurant, Regent Street, Mr. Marcus R. Sewill,
C.C., presiding, when a testimonial was presented to
Mr. J. Rowland Brough, the late Chairman.
Tuesday, 26th March. Mr. Henry Neville, Mr.
Harry Nicholls, and others, to lunch.
Dined with the Cattle Markets Committee at
De Keyser's Hotel, Mr. W. Mann Cross, the Chairman,
presiding, when a testimonial was presented to Mr.
A. L. Bower, the late Chairman.
Wednesday, 27th March. Mr. William Crooks,
M.P., and Mrs. Crooks, Mr. Tree and Mrs. Ford of
St. Leonard's, Mr. William Rome and daughter, with
others, to luncheon.
Went with the Lady Mayoress to an exhibition of
work done by cripples at De Keyser's Hotel, 3.
Dined with the Finance and Improvements Com-
mittee in the old Council Chamber at Guildhall, the
Chairman, Mr. Walter Dennis, presiding, when a
testimonial was presented to the late Chairman, Sir
Saturday, 30th March. A party of about thirty
Good iemplars were shown over the Mansion
Monday, 1st April. A party from York visited
the Mansion house; tea at 5.
Wednesday, 3rd April. Meeting of the Court of
Governors of Christ's Hospital at 12.
Friday, 5th April. Opened the Building Trades
Exhibition at Olympia at 12. Luncheon there at i.
Mr. Aston Webb proposed my health. Mr. Frampton,
R.A.,and Mr. Leonard Stokes were present.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Turners
at Leathersellers' Hall, Mr. Edward Terry, J.P., the
Upper vVarden, presiding.
fr BEERBOHM r^^g
ON THE OCCASION OF HIS FORTHCOMING VISITTO
HOTEL CECIL. SUNDAY APRIL 7. 1907.
122 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Sunday, 7th April. Attended St. Dunstan's Church,
Stepney, offertory for my Fund.
Presided at a " send off " dinner to Mr. Beerbohm
Tree at Hotel Cecil previous to his departure for
Berlin ; many Germans as well as Englishmen present.
Mr. Ludwig Hollhausen said to Tree: " You go
to Berlin, sir, at the invitation of an Emperor who
has the soul of an artist and the heart of a soldier."
During the evening I sent the following telegram to
the Kaiser: " English and German friends and
disciples of art, assembled, in the name of Shake-
speare, with Mr. Tree on the eve of his leaving for
Germany, beg to present to your Majesty, the great
protector of art, our respectful greetings."
Monday, 8th April. Dined with the Library Com-
mittee in the Guildhall Art Gallery, Mr. Deputy
Ellis, the Chairman, presiding.
A very good loan collection of Danish pictures has
been arranged in the Galleries, and the Danish
Minister, M. de Bille, made an excellent speech in
English. A testimonial was presented to the late
Chairman, Mr. C. F. Corbould-Ellis. Mr. Bram
Stoker responded for the visitors.
Attended a Bohemian Concert in aid of my Cripples'
Fund at Cannon Street Hotel.
Tuesday, 9th April. Presided at a Committee of
the whole Court at 12.30.
Presided at a Court of Aldermen at i , when I
nominated Mr. C. C. Wakefield, C.C., and Mr. T. B.
Baptie as candidates for the office of Sheriff, the
election for which takes place on the 24th of June next.
I had a large party to luncheon at the Mansion
House, and afterwards opened at Guildhall the
Exhibition of Danish pictures.
THE SPITAL SERMON 123
Presided at a meeting of the Committee re the
Dwellings of the Poor at the Mansion House at 5.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Black-
smiths at De Keyser's Hotel, the Master, Mr. Alfred
Attended afterwards a dance given by the Mayor
of Paddington, Mr. Herbert Liddiard, at Paddington
Baths, Queen's Road, in aid of my Fund.
Attended Kensington College in the same neigh-
bourhood, and received a gift from the pupils for
Wednesday, 10th April. Attended in state, Christ
Church, Newgate Street, to hear the Spital sermon
by the Bishop of Southwark. A special prayer was
offered for the Lord Mayor and the Court of Alder-
men. I think there is no one that requires to
be prayed for more than a Lord Mayor, and I
much question if once a year is enough; but it has
been going on for some years, and may have done
some good, although I have not discerned it.
Presided at the Easter banquet at the Mansion
House, a very large and influential gathering. 305
Thursday, llth April. Presided at a Court of
Common Council at Guildhall at i .
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Wheel-
wrights at De Keyser's Hotel, the Master, Mr. G. E.
Cockram, presiding. Dr. Sheriff Crosby and Mr.
Sheriff Dunn and a large number of guests were
Friday, 12th April. Presided at a meeting at
Guildhall at 3 of the Hospital Sunday Fund Council.
Dined with the Honble. Artillery Company at the
Barracks in Bunhill Fields.
i2 4 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Afterwards went to a reception by the Mayor of
Stoke Newington, Mr. William B. Trick, at the
Saturday, 13th April. Presided at a dinner given
in honour of Brother J. Fraser, Grand Treasurer, of
Freemasons, at Hotel Cecil.
Monday, 15th April. Presided at Jamaica Earth-
quake Committee, Mansion House, at 12.
Went to Guildhall to a rehearsal of the reception
of the Colonial Premiers, 2.30.
John Kirk Testimonial Committee at Mansion
House at 4.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Frame-
work Knitters at Saddlers' Hall, the Master, Mr.
Deputy Baddeley, presiding. An announcement was
made that the Company will dispose of the present
almshouses in Kingsland, and build others at Leicester.
The Master handed me two cheques for my Fund,
one from the Company, the other from himself.
Afterwards went to Countess Beauchamp's At
Home at 13, Belgrave Square.
Tuesday, 16th April. Reception at Guildhall, at
12, of the Colonial Premiers, and presentation of the
Freedom to them. They were the Rt. Hon. Sir
Wilfred Laurier, the Hon. A. Deakin, the Hon. Sir
Joseph Ward, the Hon. Dr. L. S. Jameson, the Hon.
F. R. Moor, General the Hon. Louis Botha, the
Prime Ministers respectively of Canada, Australia,
New Zealand, Cape Colony, Natal, and the Transvaal.
The declaration they all made and signed was " that
they were men of good name and fame, that they
do not desire the Freedom of the City whereby to
defraud the King or this City of any of their rights,
customs, or advantages; but that they would pay
their scot and bear their lot."
COLONIAL PREMIERS AT GUILDHALL, APRIL l6, 1 907 : GENERAL BOTHA
AND DR. JAMESON INTRODUCED TO THE ALDERMEN.
From the drawing by Ernest Prater.
To face p. 124
PREMIERS AT GUILDHALL 125
I do not think the City ever had quite such a
scene as this function provided. The Prime Minister
and all the great officers of State and Church were
present ; and it added to the romance of the occasion
to see Field-Marshal Earl Roberts chatting with
General Louis Botha and Dr. Jameson, presently to
be joined by the hero of Ladysmith, Sir George
White. Then to see the six gold boxes, all alike in
shape and size, with different ornamental medallions.
Mr. Winston Churchill was present, he who shortly
afterwards spoke of " the good stout door of British
oak," which was not only " banged " against an
Imperial understanding, but " barred and bolted."
After the presentations and addresses and replies
had been got over, we sat down to luncheon in the
Great Hall, and there we had a lot more talking,
and very good talking, and so made a finish. Later
on, the Chairman of the Committee, Mr. Ernest
Lamb, having the good-fortune to be a Member of
Parliament of the " right " colour, received from a
grateful Government the honour of a C.M.G. in
acknowledgment of all that had been done by the
Corporation on this occasion.
At 3.30 I presided at the Mansion House at a
meeting of the Fresh Air Fund.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Horners
at Grocers' Hall, the Master, Mr. H. S. Foster, pre-
siding, who gave me a very nice cheque for my Fund.
Afterwards attended a reception of the Japan
Society at the Institute of Painters in Water Colours.
Wednesday, 17th April. Attended a meeting in the
Egyptian Hall of the United Kingdom Railway
Temperance Union, 6.
Attended evening service at 7, at St. Sepulchre's
126 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Went afterwards to the Hotel Cecil to the dinner
of the Association of Municipal Corporations.
Thursday, 18th April. Presided at Guildhall at the
meeting of the Association of Municipal Corporations ;
many provincial and country mayors present.
Received the members afterwards to lunch at the
Mansion House. 229 guests.
Attended a performance in aid of my Fund at the
Paragon Theatre, Mile End Road, organised by Mr.
H. H. Wells, C.C.
Dined with the Society of Architects at De Keyser's
Hotel, Mr. Pridmore presiding.
Attended the Police Orphanage Ball at Cannon
Street Hotel at 10.
Attended a dance at Cable Street, St. George 's-in-
the-East, in aid of my Fund.
Friday, 19th April. Presided at a Committee of
the whole Court.
Lunched with the Imperial Industries Club, De
Keyser's Hotel, Sir G. Hayter Chubb, Bart., presiding.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Cutlers,
the Master, Mr. C. J. Scott, presiding.
Went afterwards to a monster whist drive, in aid
of my Fund at the New Town Hall, Hackney, the
Mayor, Dr. Frederick M. Miller, presiding.
Saturday, 20th April. Laid the foundation-stone
of the new St. James's Hall, Great Portland Street,
A party from Hornsey visited the Mansion House
Annual meeting of the Hospital Saturday Fund.
Lady Mayoress presented medals.
Attended the 39th Annual Dinner of French
Hospital at Hotel Cecil, M. Cambon, the French
ROYAL SIGNATURES FROM* MY AUTOGRAPH BOOK.
128 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Sunday, 21st April. Attended in state a service
at the Hampstead Synagogue, West End Lane, at
3.30, in aid of my Fund.
Monday, 22nd April. Opened the Sessions at
Central Criminal Court at 10. (Justices Jelf and
Bray; 91 prisoners.)
The German Consul-General, with Mr. D. Malcolm
Scott, and others, to lunch at 1.30.
Attended in state the annual meeting of the
Working Lads' Institute, 279, Whitechapel Road,
3 o'clock, when the Lady Mayoress distributed prizes.
Conversazione to the London Shakespeare League,
who gave Morris dances, folk-songs, and games, at
the Mansion House at 8.30. 750 guests.
Tuesday, 23rd April. Received the Recorder, Sir
Forrest Fulton, K.C.,at 10.30 at the Central Criminal
Attended the Empire Education Committee Meeting
at Guildhall, 12.
Attended a concert given at the Mansion House
in aid of my Fund by the Musicians' Company, 5.
Dined at Sion College.
Wednesday, 24th April, Presided at a meeting at
Swiss Cottage, London Society for Teaching the
Blind, at 3. The Lady Mayoress distributed prizes.
Attended Grand Lodge, Freemasons' Hall, at 4.30.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Saddlers, the
Prime Warden, Mr. Archibald McDougall, presiding.
Thursday, 25th April. Committee of the whole
Court of Common Council at i .
Dined at the fifth annual dinner of the Mayors'
and Ex-Mayors' Association at Prince's Restaurant.
Major-General Lord Cheylesmore, President of the
Association, occupied the chair. The Sheriffs were
EAST ANGLIANS 129
present. The Duke of Fife, Lord-Lieutenant of the
County of London, responded to the toast of his
health, which was proposed by Mr. G. W. Tallents,
Mayor of Westminster.
Friday, 26th April. Entertained to luncheon the
Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London,
the Archbishop of the West Indies and Miss Nuttall,
Mr. Olivier, and Mr. Pearce, 1.30.
Presided at meeting of the Jamaica Churches
Earthquake Committee at 3, Egyptian Hall.
Presided in state at the annual ladies' dinner of
the Whitefriars ' .Club . The Lady Mayoress, with both
the Sheriffs and their daughters, accompanied me.
Saturday, 27th April. Presided in state at Guild-
hall at a Cripples' Conference, called by the Guild
of the Brave Poor Things, 10.30.
Received about 400 members, and others, to tea
at Mansion House, 4.
Dined with the London Society of East Anglians
at the Hotel Cecil. The Lady Mayoress and the
Sheriffs with their daughters were present. Mr.
Robert Pearce, M.P., presided; and speeches were
made by Mr. Louis N. Parker, Colonel F. A. Lucas,
and others. There were several East Anglian mayors
Monday, 29th April. Meeting of the Empire
Education Mansion House Trustees at 1 2 ; they after-
wards lunched with me.
Festival of the Sons of the Clergy at St. Paul's at 3.
Dinner at Merchant Taylors' Hall in the evening,
when the Archbishop of Canterbury presided at the
253rd anniversary. I read once of a certain Arch-
bishop of Canterbury who told a Lord Mayor to
mind his own business. A Lord Mayor cannot do
so. I have not attended to mine since I became
Lord Mayor, and I am glad to say that the business
is all the better for it.
Tuesday, 30th April. Presided at the Mansion
House at a meeting for the Strangers' Home for
Asiatics at 3.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Iron-
mongers at their hall, the Master, Mr. B. P. Stedall,
Wednesday, 1st May. Received Sir R. Bond at
Guildhall in the Aldermen's Court Room, 11.30. I
attended in state for the purpose of formally pre-
senting the Premier of Newfoundland with the
Freedom of the City in a gold casket. The ceremony
was of a private character, and Sir R. Bond made a
short speech in reply to the resolution read by the
City Remembrancer. He was the seventh Colonial
Premier who received the Freedom during my
I attended at 12.30 with Sheriff Dunn, at the
Swan Street Schools in the Minories, to hoist the
Union Jack amid the cheers of a thousand school
children. All the children saluted the flag.
I think such doings are good for inculcating
patriotism. I remember once in New York I was
taken to some schools in the Italian quarter, and
there saw a lot of children of Italians who had just
come to America to live, and I saw hundreds of the
Italian children being taught to sing Yankee Doodle,
and to salute the Stars and Stripes. We do not
sufficiently realise in England the necessity of teach-
ing our children to be patriotic in their early days.
Attended the dinner of the French Chamber of
Commerce at Prince's Hall, Piccadilly. The French
Ambassador presided, and there were present the
Duke of Argyll, the Earl of Derby, and many others.
ROYAL ACADEMY BANQUET 131
From this dinner I went to the Battersea Town
Hall in state, to a May-day Fancy Dress Ball in aid
of my Fund, arranged by the Mayor and Mayoress
of Battersea, Mr. and Mrs. James Henry Brown.
Afterwards attended the Archbishop of Canter-
bury's reception at Lambeth Palace.
Thursday, 2nd May. Presided, at 12, at a meeting
of the Court of Common Council at Guildhall.
Attended in state at Shoreditch Town Hall a treat
given to crippled children by the Hon. Mrs. C. Tufton,
Presided at Guildhall at a display given by the
London Diocesan Church Lads' Brigade at 8.30.
The Lady Mayoress distributed challenge shields and
Attended Lady Avebury's At Home at 6, St.
Friday, 3rd May. Presided at the Mansion House
at a large meeting at 4.30. It was held to form a
Central Legal Aid Society for poor people, Sir Charles
Matthews urged that in all Criminal Courts pro-
fessional assistance should be provided gratuitously
for accused persons unable to pay for it.
After the meeting I entertained about 400 people
to tea and coffee.
Saturday, 4th May. Opened the Balkan States
Exhibition at Earl's Court at 12, and afterwards
attended a luncheon there, at which Mr. Paul
In the evening attended the Royal Academy
Banquet, Sir Edward Poynter, P.R.A., presided.
The Prince of Wales, Prince Christian, Prince Arthur
of Connaught, the Duke of Teck, the Archbishop of
Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, and others of dis-
tinction, were present. Many long speeches were
132 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
delivered. One new toast, " Our Dominions Beyond
the Seas," was responded to by Mr. Deakin, the
Australian Prime Minister.
Sunday, 5th May. Went, at the invitation of my
friend Mr. George Briggs, C.C., to Steinway Hall, to
a service and sermon of the Ethical Religion Society
Left Paddington with Sheriff Dunn by the 4.30
train for Plymouth. We arrived at Plymouth at
10 p.m. We went at once to the Grand Hotel on
Monday, 6th May. The Mayor, Mr. J. F. Winncot,
entertained us to breakfast at 9, and about 80 guests,
including Mr. C. A. Hanson, High Sheriff of Corn-
wall, Admiral Sir Lewis A. Beaumont, K.C.B., '
K.C.M.G., Vice-Admiral J. C. Barlow, D.S.O., Major-
General Sir John Leach, K.C.V.O., and many of the
Aldermen and Councillors and Borough Magistrates.
Before breakfast we had found time to walk upon
the Hoe and look upon the gates of the English
Channel, the playground of Drake, Raleigh, Hawkins,
and other old sea-dogs, who played bowls on the
Hoe and at the same time kept an eye upon the
defence of the country. I like the statue of Drake
and that other statue there with the following in-
scription on its base, " He blew with His wind and
they were scattered."
At 10.30 we left by special train, a saloon having
been kindly placed at our disposal for the four by
the G.W. Railway Company.
At Lostwithiel the Mayor, Mr. J. H. Dingle, and
the members of the Corporation received us. The
Town Clerk, Mr. W. Pease, read an address of welcome.
We started by train for Fowey, and stopped at
VISIT TO CORNWALL 133
Golant station, which was bedecked with flags,
flowers, and palms, the school-children looking very
pretty and bright with many-coloured ribbons. A
band of bell-ringers were also on the platform.
Before we arrived at Fowey we put on our robes,
chains, and official hats. An address was presented
by Mr. F. J. Denison, Chairman of the Parish Council.
In this I was reminded that when, in 1347, King
Edward III. called for ships and men to blockade
Calais, 770 " gallants " of Fowey sailed forth in
47 ships, and that in the fleet of 700 ships flying
the George of England, London sent 662 mariners
and 26 ships.
I performed the ceremony of opening the new
Grammar School, after one of the schoolboys, named
O. Thomas, had recited an address to me beginning,
" Viro honoratissimo Gulielmo Treloar Equiti cele-
berrimae urbis Londiniensis praefecto."
We then went to luncheon in a tent. Canon
Purcell presided; and amongst the 200 guests were
the Bishop of Truro, the Bishop of St. German's,
Mr. Freeman Thomas, M.P., Miss Marston, Mr. S. J.
de C.Treffry; the Mayors of Plymouth, Devonport,
Bodmin, Launceston, Liskeard, Penzance, Truro,
Lostwithiel, Falmouth, and Penryn; and Mr. A. T.
Quiller-Couch. Letters of regret were read from
Lord Mount Edgcumbe and Lord Courtney of Pen-
with. Many speeches were made ; and after luncheon
we went to the school, where I distributed prizes.
We stayed that night with Mr. Hanson, the High
Sheriff, at Fowey Hall, where he gave a dinner-party
and reception in our honour.
Tuesday, 7th May. At Helston the Mayor (Mr.
Henry Toy) received us, and with him were Sir
134 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Arthur Pendarves Vivian, and many others. The
town was quite en fete, and very full ; they say never
had so many people been seen in Helston before.
We were entertained at a banquet at the Angel
Hotel, and had the advantage of being able to say,
" Where we dines we sleeps."
Wednesday, 8th May. This is the day of the
" Flora," or " Furry" dance, and I was wakened
before six o'clock by music and dancing in the street.
The music was noisy. I looked out and saw several
couples hard at work dancing. It seems the early
morning is devoted to the working people, who do
not go in and out of other people's houses and gardens,
as the aristocracy do later on.
The excursion trains brought thousands of people
into Helston, and by 10 o'clock the main thorough-
fares were crowded. Outside the Angel Hotel the
people were packed from one side of the road to the
other. I had with me in Helston the City Marshal,
the Sword-Bearer (Major Ker-Fox), and the Mace-
Bearer (Colonel Kearns), and we made a great show
going out of the old-fashioned Angel first the foot-
men, in full state liveries ; then the officers mentioned
above; then Sheriff Dunn, in his robes and chain of
office; then several Cornish Mayors, in robes and
chains; and then the Lord Mayor, in black and gold
robe, and matinee hat. So we marched through the
dear old town to the Guildhall. There a very
pleasant ceremony took place. The Freedom of the
Borough of Helston was presented to me in a box
or casket made of Cornish tin and copper on a plinth
of Cornish granite. I confess I was very much
touched, and felt the honour greatly. The recollec-
tion of it has always been a great joy to me.
THE FURRY DANCE 135
When these proceedings were finished we went in
procession back to the Angel to get rid of robes,
chains, and state hats, so that we might be able to
join in the " Furry " dance properly and with vigour.
I was touched, too, with many little acts of kind-
ness; for instance, as I walked through the streets,
or danced along, some of those in the crowd thrust
little sums into my hand, sixpences, shillings, and
in one case three coppers, all for my Cripples' Fund
no names, no publicity, just the little offerings.
The " Furry" or " Flora" dance of Helstonisof very
ancient origin, so ancient that no one can say any-
thing decided about it; all we know is, that it has
been going on for centuries, and always takes place
on the 8th of May. Although fun and frolic is the
order of the day, still there is a certain amount of
dignity about the proceedings; the fun begins very
soon after dawn, when a melody of trumpets rouses
every one. The servant girls and their sweethearts
are the first performers; they danced, and danced,
and the drums and trumpets sounded. There is no
sleeping in Helston on " Furry Day " after 4 a.m.
We assembled in the old Guildhall to choose our
partners, or to take those selected for us by the
Committee. Mrs. H. M. Rogers fell to my share,
and then off we went, dancing through Helston
Highway, in and out of the houses, until I, for one
was tired out, and my partner cheered me on to
further achievements by saying, " Oh, you poor
Before we left Helston we took tea with the
Mayoress, Mrs. Toy, at Cross Street House. We then
motored to Bosham, the beautiful seat of Sir Arthur
Pendarves Vivian, and had a great treat in seeing
136 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
the splendid tropical trees, palms, and shrubs, in
the lovely grounds of that delightful Cornish home.
I shall never forget the loving-kindness shown to me
by Cornish men and women of all ranks.
We motored to the Poldhu Hotel, Mullion, where
we spent the night, my good friends Mr. and Mrs.
Thomas making us very comfortable.
Thursday, 9th May. In the morning off we went
to St. Keverne, which we reached about noon. Before
entering the village, very gay with banners, flags,
and mottoes, we were allowed by Mrs. Pascoe to use
Alexandra Villa, where accommodation was provided
for us to put on our official robes. The lifeboat
crews of Porthouslock and Coverack, wearing their
cork jackets and picturesque red caps, formed a
splendid escort. The vicar (the Rev. Canon Diggens)
and Dr. Leverton Story, Mr. James Coud (the Chair-
man of the Parish Council), and many others, also
came to welcome us. In the village square many
little children presented purses to me, with money
for the bells. The Chairman of the Council read an
By this time a full congregation had assembled in
the grand old parish church. The Bishop of Truro,
the Vicar (Canon Diggens), the Rev. H. Vyvyan, the
Rev. S. Vyvyan, the Rev. A. Leakey, and the Rev.
A. L. Mugford, proceeded to the tower with me and
the Sheriff, where the Bishop said: " By virtue of
my office I desire solemnly to set apart and dedicate
these bells and this clock to the glory of God, and
the use of this church, separate from all profane
and unhallowed uses." The Bishop then said to
the churchwardens: " You are to take notice that
these bells are committed to the custody of the Vicar
THE FREEDOM OF TRURO 137
of this parish, to be used only with his consent,
subject to the ultimate control of the Bishop of the
diocese." Then I took the bell-rope and said: " In
response to the request of the Vicar of this parish,
I hereby declare this peal of bells open, and ready
to be employed in the service of God." Then the
ringers gave a short " change " peal on the eight
bells, Canon Kempe (Vicar of Veryan), Secretary of
the Cornish Guild of Ringers, standing in the centre
of the band.
The Bishop then gave us an address, taking for
his text, " Make a joyful noise unto the Lord and
King " (Psalm xcviii. 4, 6).
After the service we adjourned to a spacious
marquee for luncheon, at which the Rev. Canon
Diggens presided. There was a very large attend-
ance, including the Bishop of Truro and Mrs. Stubbs,
the High Sheriff of Cornwall and Mrs. Hanson, Mrs.
Sandys, Mrs. Vyvyan, Mrs. Diggens, Colonel Vyvyan,
Mr. Robert Fox of Falmouth, Mr. Davey, the
Mayors of Falmouth and Penzance (Mr. Grose and
Mr. Barnett). There were many speeches.
We left early in the afternoon, as I had to be in
the Town Hall at Truro to receive the Freedom of
the City at 5 o'clock. Captain Tremayne of Carclew
took us in his powerful car, and his chauffeur obeyed
implicitly her owner's oft-repeated instructions to
" let her go." We had rather an exciting journey, the
speed was great, the lanes were curly, and I was very
thankful when we slowed down in the city of Truro.
Punctually at 5 I was escorted to the Town Hall,
from the Red Lion over the way, by the. Mayor
(Mr. W. F. Clarke) and the Town Clerk (Mr. F.
Parkin). Amongst those present in the Town Hall
1 38 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
were Viscountess Falmouth, the Bishop of St. Ger-
man's, Chancellor Wortledge, Precentor Corfe, Sub-
Dean Hassard, the Mayor of Falmouth, etc., etc.
Speeches were made by the Mayor, Alderman Bullen,
the Deputy Mayor (Mr. J. J. Smith). The scroll
was enclosed in a silver casket with finely carved
and hammered ornamentation ; it bears the following
" Presented to the Rt. Hon. Sir William P.
Treloar, Lord Mayor of London, 1906-7, on his
being admitted an honorary freeman of the
The Mayor handed a purse of thirty guineas for
my Fund. We then (still robed) paid a visit to the
Cathedral, and Chancellor W^ortledge showed us
In the evening we were entertained at a banquet,
the Mayor presiding. Viscount Falmouth, Mr.
Richard Glanville, the High Sheriff, Canon Hassard,
the Mayor of Falmouth, and many others were
present. We were to go to London by the 10 o'clock
train, in which I had a sleeping compartment. The
crowd in the streets was very great, we had almost
to fight our way into the station. I received the
following telegram from the Prince of Wales before
leaving Truro :
" The Prince of Wales desires to thank the Lord
Mayor of London for kind message sent on behalf
of the High Sheriff of Cornwall, the Sheriff of London,
and to offer the Lord Mayor his hearty congratula-
tions on being admitted to the Freedom of the City
CARMEN HELLESTONIENSE 139
There were some very interesting and amusing
poems published during my visit to the Duchy, as,
for instance, the following :
" Veni, Vidi, Vici, Aye,
Of Cornish arts galore.
God bless 'ee, and we wish 'ee well,
Sir W. P. Treloar.
Bless your good-humoured Sheriff too,
Butt of your harmless fun;
Whatever he may have to do
Is bound to be " Well Dunn."
Or this, written by " Q ":
ANNI MCMVII. IN FLORALIA COMPOSITUM.
" Confitemini, o molles
Agni humilesque colles
Hodie cur exultetis;
Tu praesertim Magnum Mare
Facme certiorem quare
Haud dedignas crura dare
Hiphoorariis in fretis.
" Venit annus venit mensis
Cum Praefectus Londiniensis
Redit in paterna rura;
Quern advenientem gratu-
latur urbs in commeatu
Tympanis et aeris flatu :
Ergo (aiunt) damus crura.
" Venit mensis venit dies
Ruit in immensum sonum
Foris; foras cum in forum
Ducimus antiquum chorum.
O qua musica trombonum !
140 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
" Venit dies venit hora
Venit et solennis Flora,
Mane quae postridie nonas
Maias lucens exoptata
Nos e portis nos in prata
Jubet nectere coronas.
" Ambar vales prorsus retro
(Locuples in curru petro-
lensi, Lazarus in pannis)
Maiae praedam reportantes
Te nostratem salutantes
' Macte esto tu quotannis.'
" Eja collis cum agello
Cantat ' He's a jolly good fellow !'
Id quod nemo denegare
Audet : ' Mos est hie (ut malis)
Militaris ve ! Navalis
Hunc et studii Generalis
Proles solet celebrare.'
" Tuque nostras, Anglicanae
Et tutamcn et decor ;
Terram repetitam unde
Partus es ter pede tunde
Gulielme P. Treloar."
Friday, 10th May. I arrived at the Mansion House
from Truro in time for an early breakfast, and received
there afterwards the Hon. T. Bent, Prime Minister
of Victoria, at 1 1 .30.
Visit of Prince Fushimi. It is seldom that such
a brilliant scene was witnessed in the old Guildhall as
when this Royal Prince of Japan was welcomed to the
City to-day. As a rule, all these receptions of royal
PRINCE FUSHIMI 141
personages take place in the Library, and the old
hall is the place for luncheon afterwards. To-day
the ceremony was held in the Great Hall, and the
luncheon took place at the Mansion House. It was
a splendid display at Guildhall, and a large and dis-
tinguished company attended both there and at the
luncheon afterwards. The company included repre-
sentatives of the Royal Family, of the Church, the
Government, the Army, the Navy, and every depart-
ment of trade and commerce.
I received the Prince at the entrance in company
with the Sheriffs and Mr. Domoney, the Chairman
of the City Lands, and his Committee. As we walked
to the dais, the choir of the Duke of York's Military
School sang in Japanese the National Anthem of
Japan. Prince Fushimi wore the uniform of a General
of the Japanese Army, with the broad red ribbon
of a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath.
The Prince of Wales wore an Admiral's uniform,
and the Duke of Connaught a Field Marshal's uniform.
The Town Clerk read the resolution, the Recorder
read the address, and I presented it. The Prince's
reply was read by Count Mutsu.
We all went over to the Mansion House for lun-
cheon; there were no speeches, but two toasts were
honoured viz., " The King " and " The Emperor
of Japan . " 283 guests .
Dined with the Anglo-Saxon Club at De Keyser's
Hotel, Mr. Alderman Howse presiding.
Saturday, llth May. Mr. Barton Kent, and others,
to lunch at 1.30.
At 4, received a party of young Scottish girls from
Stornoway, introduced by Mr. Henry Smith, to
over the Mansion House and take tea,
i 4 2 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Dined with the Newspaper Press Fund at the
Hotel Me"tropole, M. Paul Cambon, the French
Ambassador, presiding. There was a distinguished
company, and 1,600 for the Fund was the result.
Monday, 13th May. Presided at the Mansion
House at the meeting of the British and Foreign
Sailors' Society, at 3.
Attended a meeting at the Crystal Palace re my
Fund for cripples, at 5.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Glovers
at Leathersellers' Hall, the Master, Mr. Gilbert
Purvis, presiding. Both Sheriffs present.
Tuesday, 14th May. Presided at a Court of
Aldermen at i .
Presided at Guildhall at a meeting of conference
about the estuary of the Thames i .30 lunch, and
A meeting of the John Kirk Testimonial Com-
mittee, Mansion House, at 4.
A meeting of the Committee of the Dwellings of
the Poor at Mansion House at 5.
Dined, accompanied by the Lady Mayoress, with
the Association of Foreign Consuls at the Criterion
Attended the reception of the Japanese Ambas-
sador to meet Prince Fushimi, Hyde Park Hotel,
10 to ii.
Wednesday, 15th May. To the Foreign Office at 12.
Presided at Joint Committee of the Hospital
Sunday Fund at the Mansion House at 3.
Received a deputation from Berlin at Mansion
House at 4.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Girdlers at
;heir hall, the Master, Mr. Henry Hicks, C.C.. presiding.
144 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Afterwards went to the Goldsmiths' ball.
Thursday, 16th May. Presided at a Court of
Common Council at i .
Attended a meeting of the City Association for
Organising Charities at 3.
St. Mary's Lodge of Freemasons, of which I am
Worshipful Master, held a Lodge meeting at the
Mansion House, and afterwards the Brethren dined
with me. The Most Worshipful the Grand Master
the Duke of Connaught attended, and after dinner
proposed my health.
Monday, 20th May. Opened a Currants Cookery
Exhibition at Holborn Town Hall, 3.30.
Wednesday, 22nd May. Dined at Leathersellers'
Hall at a dinner given to the French leather trade,
the Master of the Company, Mr. Stanley G. Lutwyche,
Thursday, 23rd May. Presided at the Distribution
Committee of the Hospital Sunday Fund at 3.
Attended in state, with the Sheriffs and the Lady
Mayoress, the ceremony of opening the new out-
patients' department of the Evelina Hospital for
Sick Children in the Southwark Bridge Road at
4 o'clock. Mr. Charles Wightman, Chairman of the
Committee of Management, presided.
Mr. Leopold de Rothschild proposed a vote of
thanks to the Lady Mayoress and me, and mentioned
the fact that I was at one time hon. treasurer of the
hospital. Sir John Murray Scott seconded the
Presided at a dinner of the Royal Gardeners'
Orphan Fund at De Keyser's Hotel. Mr. Sheriff
Dunn and Sir Albert Rollit and others present.
SIR JOHN KIRK 145
Friday, 24th May. Presided at a meeting in the
Egyptian Hall, at 3 o'clock, of a large and distin-
guished gathering, on the occasion of the presentation
to Sir John Kirk of the testimonial raised in recogni-
tion of his work in connection with the Ragged
Lord Northampton made the presentation, Which
consisted of a portrait of Sir John, a cheque for
2,000, and an illuminated address. Sir John Kirk,
who had just been knighted, in the course of his
remarks said he owed me a debt he could never
repay; and a vote of thanks to the Lady Mayoress
and myself for our constant kindness and assistance
to the promoters of the testimonial was proposed by
the Hon. Evelyn Ashley, seconded by Mr. F. A.
Bevan, and carried.
In reply, I took the opportunity of acknowledging
the valuable assistance I had received from Sir John
Kirk in the distribution of my Children's Christmas
Hamper Fund. I regret, and I always have regretted,
that Sir John Kirk will no longer help me in this
It was, I think, in the year 1892 that the proprietors
of the Daily Telegraph decided to send out Christmas
hampers to all the crippled children in the
At their own expense they got a list of all the
little sufferers who were eligible for this gift, and that
list, I believe, was handed by them to the Ragged
The next year I carried on this work, at the request
and with the help of the Ragged School Union, and
we continued to co-operate in it up to the year
146 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
I willingly express my thanks to the Council of
the Ragged School Union for helping me all these
years in the distribution of the hampers.
In October, 1908, Sir John Kirk informed me
verbally, in my office at Ludgate Hill, that the
Council had decided that they would no longer assist
me in the distribution of hampers. I expressed my
regret, and asked how about selecting, as usual, poor
children (not crippled) to come to the usual banquet
at Guildhall; he replied that the Council's decision
also applied to the banquet. Again, I asked him how
about bringing 200 crippled children, as usual, to
my shop windows on Ludgate Hill, on the gth of
November, to witness the Lord Mayor's Show ? He
again replied that the Council declined to assist me
in that way also.
I afterwards wrote to Sir John Kirk, and give a
copy of my letter and his reply.
DEAR SIR JOHN KIRK,
In reference to our conversation this morning,
I should be very glad to have the reply of your
Council to my suggestion that they should again
undertake the distribution of the Christmas hampers,
as usual, as soon as possible. You will readily under-
stand how anxious I am that the crippled children
of London should not be deprived of their annual
treats and enjoyments, and that if it should be
necessary for me to institute further arrangements
with regard to the selection of the children, the task
may be put in hand without much further delay.
But I hope that an arrangement, which has worked
CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE R.S.U. 147
satisfactorily in the past, will not be departed from
without some very pressing necessity.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) W. P. TRELOAR.
October i^th, 1908.
DEAR SIR WILLIAM,
The Council are under the impression that it
was in your mind that the Christmas hamper scheme
should in future be undertaken by your own organisa-
tion, and accordingly the following resolution was
" That whilst desirous that no opportunity should be missed
of brightening the lives of the cripple children of London, the
Council agree that it is inexpedient to continue the delivery of
Christmas hampers as in former years, owing to the confusion
which is likely to arise from the separate interests of two existing
They considered that it would be inexpedient that
the two cripple agencies the Alton Home and the
Ragged School Union should be too closely identified
with each other in the public mind. Confusion has
already arisen on this account which has affected
contributions, and this, it was felt, might be accen-
tuated by the continuance of the arrangement come
to prior to the establishment of the Alton Home
Having regard to all the circumstances, the Council
desire me to state that they are unable to depart
from the terms of the resolution above referred to.
They gratefully remember the cordial relations and
active co-operation which has existed between you
and them in the past in connection with the supply
and distribution of the Christmas hampers, and they
148 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
will rejoice with you if the establishment of a perma-
nent National Home for Cripples at Alton meets with
the success which your earnest labours and devoted
With kindest regards,
(Signed) JOHN KIRK.
October i^th, 1908.
The banquet and the distribution of hampers are
paid for by the funds which I annually collect for
the purpose. His Majesty the King always heads
the list of subscriptions ; the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs,
and many other leading citizens follow suit; and I
am proud to say that I have a list of regular sub-
scribers, not only in the City and the Metropolis,
but all over the world.
It was from this yearly banquet and distribution
that the idea of trying to be of some permanent use
to crippled children arose, and the result has been
the founding of the Lord Mayor Treloar Cripples'
Hospital and College at Alton, in Hampshire, where
some 260 crippled children are now residing.
I keep the Fund open all the year, and I not only
pay for the banquet and the hamper distribution from
it, but I help to clothe the children in the hospital
and college at Alton, and also help in many ways
other crippled children in the Metropolis.
I am glad to say the willing assistance which I
now receive from the Metropolitan Mayors enables
me to make the distribution annually and without
any question of creed.
Attended at Queen's Hall an Empire Concert at 4,
with the Lady Maj-oress and Sheriffs. Lady Minto
and Lord Strathcona were present.
OLD BOYS OF KING'S COLLEGE SCHOOL 149
Dined with the Streets Committee of the Corpora-
tion at the Gaiety Restaurant, the Chairman, Mr.
John Stopher, presiding. A presentation of plate
was made to the past Chairman, Mr. Domoney.
Saturday, 25th May. Attended with the Lady
Mayoress and Sheriffs the Military Tournament at
As an Old Boy of King's College School I had the
supreme pleasure of giving a dinner to many other
Old Boys at the Mansion House. Among them
were Sir W. H. Preece, Sir W. Christie (Astronomer
Royal), Sir Charles Lyall, Admiral Sir T. S. Jackson,
Sir John Tweedy, Sir Edward Stern, Sir Albert
Rollit, Professor W. W. Skeat, Mr. Frederic Harrison,
Professor George Saintsbury, Canon Syers, Dr. Gow,
Mr. Henniker Heaton, M.P., Mr. J. Bloundelle
Burton, Mr. John Cutler, K.C., and Mr. Martin
Harvey. Messages of sympathy had been sent by
many other Old Boys, including the Lord Chief
Justice, Lord Ebury, Lord Glenesk; the Bishops of
Exeter, Ely, Leicester, Barrow-in-Furness, and Barry;
Sir Edward Clarke, K.C., Sir John Cockburn, Mr.
Justice Grantham, Mr. Justice Jelf, Judge Bacon,
Judge Parry, Judge Coventry; the Deans of Canter-
bury and Durham; Mr. Reginald McKenna, General
Festing, General Byam, Mr. Alfred de Rothschild,
Mr. Leopold de Rothschild, Mr. Lewis Waller, Mr.
Haddon Chambers, Professor Dicey, and the Rev. S.
Baring-Gould. 152 guests.
I entered the school in 1854. The prize list of
1856 bears the names of Lord Alverstone, the Lord
Chief Justice, Sir Albert Rollit, Mr. John Cutler,
Canon Syers, and William Treloar.
I received during the evening a telegram from
ISO A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Charles Bates, which declared that the sender, who
sent hearty good wishes to all " Old Boys," was
the first boy to enter the school when it opened in
Mr. Frederic Harrison said he entered the school
Monday, 27th May. Attended in state, with the
Sheriffs, the induction of the Rev. Barbe Sydenham
Sladen as Rector of St. Margaret Pattens, at 12.30.
Presided at a meeting at the Mansion House, at 3,
on behalf of the Deaconess Mission and Christian
Instruction Society. During the year these good
women had paid 80,000 visits to the homes of the
poor. The Society, which is undenominational, is
doing good work.
Dined with the I bero- American Benevolent Society
at De Keyser's Hotel, the Spanish Ambassador, Don
Venceslas R. de Willaursutia, presiding.
Tuesday, 28th May. Opened the Sessions of the
Central Criminal Court at 10. (Mr. Justice Bigham;
Princess Alexander of Teck lunched at the Mansion
House, at i .45.
Afterwards a meeting was held at 3 o'clock of the
Girls' and Boys' Guild of the Waterloo Hospital for
Presided at a dinner at Mansion House in aid of
the North-Eastern Hospital for Children. The Lady
Mayoress was present, with a very large and dis-
tinguished company. 2,500 was the amount sub-
scribed at the table.
After dinner attended with the Sheriffs a con-
versazione of the John Carpenter Club in the Art
Gallery at Guildhall. The members of this Club are
THEATRICAL FUND DINNER 151
the Old Boys of the City of London School. Mr.
Lulham Pound, President, and Mrs. Pound received
the guests. Dancing took place, and concerts were
given during the evening; and an interesting exhibi-
tion of old manuscripts, prints, and books was
arranged by Mr. Borrajo, the City Librarian.
Wednesday, 29th May. Received the Judge, Mr.
Justice Bigham, at Central Criminal Court, at 10.30.
Opened a rifle range in Charterhouse Street,
organised and paid for by the Central Markets Rifle
Club, at 12.
Presided at a meeting, in the Egyptian Hall, of
the Royal Association in aid of the Deaf and Dumb
at 3.30. Sir Arthur H. Fairbairn, known as the
" deaf and dumb baronet," made a very interesting
and earnest appeal by using his fingers, which was
spoken by an interpreter as quickly as it was made.
Presided at the Farringdon General Dispensary
dinner at De Keyser's Hotel. Mr. G. P. Wagstaff is
hon. secretary of this excellent charity, which was
founded in 1828 to afford medical and surgical relief
to the destitute poor.
Thursday, 30th May. Committee of the whole
Court at 12.30.
Court of Common Council at i .
Presided, at 3, at the Mansion House, at the
Distribution Committee meeting of the Hospital
Presided at the Royal General Theatrical Fund
dinner at the Hotel Metropole. Mr. T. P. O'Connor,
M.P., proposed the Drama. He said the Drama
might be regarded as a primordial human instinct
which would exist for all times as an illustration,
David danced before the Ark, and Sir William led
152 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
the " Furry " dance recently in Cornwall. He also
said he believed that a good many people had
been delivered body and soul over to the enemy
by Sunday-school literature. Subscriptions for 800
Friday, 31st May. Presided at the Mansion House
at a meeting in aid of the Brompton Consumption
Hospital at 3.
Attended dinner of the General Purposes Com-
mittee of the Corporation at De Keyser's Hotel,
the Chairman, Mr. W. Hayward Pitman, pre-
Attended at Streatham Town Hall a concert given
in aid of my Fund by the Streatham Choral Society ;
a presentation of purses was made.
Saturday, 1st June. Went to the meet of the
Coaching Club in Hyde Park, afterwards going on
a coach to Ranelagh to luncheon.
Sunday, 2nd June. Hospital Sunday. At 3.15
attended St. Paul's Cathedral in state to meet His
Monday, 3rd June. Presided at meeting of Jamaica
Earthquake Committee at 12, at the Mansion House.
Presided at meeting of St. Giles' Christian Mission
at 3, at the Mansion House.
Was to have dined with the members of the Bridge
House Estates Committee in the Old Council Cham-
bers, Guildhall, but was not well enough. I was
sorry to disappoint my old friend, Deputy Algar, the
I was not able to attend Mrs. Whitelaw Reid's
reception at Dorchester House.
Tuesday, 4th June. Attended matinee given by
the Savage Club at His Majesty's Theatre in aid of
JUDGES TO DINNER 153
my Fund. The Prince and Princess of Wales were
present. A new play by Mr. Alfred Sutro, Mr.
Steinmann's Corner, was given. Among a host of
performers were Mdlle. Jane May, Miss Lena Ashwell,
Mr. Albert Chevalier, and Mr. Harry Fragson. All
the male performers were members of the Club. A
very good result was achieved.
Presided at the festival dinner of the City of
London Hospital for Diseases of the Chest at the
Wednesday, 5th June. Derby Day. Dined with
the Law and City Courts Committee at De Keyser's
Hotel, the Chairman, Mr. Lavington, C.C., pre-
Thursday, 6th June. Opened Bazaar at Westwood,
West Hill, Sydenham, at 3, in aid of the Church in
the Grove, Sydenham.
Dined with the Central Markets Committee at
De Keyser's Hotel, the Chairman, Mr. C. A. Teuten,
Friday, 7th June. Rehearsal at Guildhall, at 3,
for the King of Denmark's reception.
Opening of Prince's Skating Rink at 5. Princess
Henry of Battenberg to be present.
Presided at dinner at Mansion House given to His
Majesty's Judges. There were 304 guests, including
the Lord Chancellor, the Master of the Rolls, and
some twenty other Judges with their ladies. The
Lady Mayoress was present.
Saturday, 8th June. I should have gone to
Loughton, the inaugural excursion of the Fresh Air
Fund; but was not well enough to go. Both Sheriffs
went for me, and met Sir Arthur Pearson, and had
a pleasant day with the children.
154 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Sunday, 9th June. Attended the City Temple at
1 1, and Westminster Abbey at 3.
Monday, 10th June. The King and Queen of
Denmark came from Buckingham Palace at 12.15 in
state carriages to lunch at the Guildhall, after receiv-
ing an address from the Corporation. Their Majesties
arrived in London on Saturday, crossing from Flushing
in the Royal yacht Victoria and Albert. The Prince
of Wales met them at Portsmouth, and escorted
them by train to Victoria Station. There they were
met by King Edward and Queen Alexandra, and
drove to Buckingham Palace, where a State banquet
was given in the evening. On Sunday they paid a
visit to Windsor in motor-cars.
Before arriving at Guildhall their Majesties received
an address of welcome, presented to them in Pall
Mall at the bottom of Waterloo Place by Lieut. -
Colonel Clifford Probyn, the Mayor of Westminster.
With the Lady Mayoress I received the guests in
the Library, at 12 o'clock. Among the first to
arrive were the Duke and Duchess of Somerset, Lord
Carrington and Mr. Birrell, the Bishop of London,
Sir Edward Grey, Sir Charles Hardinge and Lord
Crewe ; then the Prime Minister, Sir Henry Campbell-
Bannerman, wearing the uniform of an Elder Brother
of Trinity House. I left the Library to await the
arrival of the King and Queen of Denmark at the
entrance to the Guildhall, my place being taken by
Sir Whittaker Ellis, Bart., the senior Alderman. A
blast of trumpets from the four scarlet-coated
trumpeters soon proclaimed the advent of the royal
procession, which advanced in the following order,
all the guests rising as the procession entered the
VISIT OF THE DANISH KING 155
The City Trumpeters.
The City Marshall.
Under-Sheriffs Greenhill and Timbrell.
The Reception Committee.
Mr. Walter Hayward Pitman, Chairman.
The Town Clerk.
Alderman Thomas Boor Crosby, M.D.
Mr. William Henry Dunn.
Aldermen Sir T. Vezey Strong, David Burnett, W. C. Simmons.
Sir Walter Wilkin. Sir G. Faudel-Phillips.
Sir David Evans. Sir Joseph Renals.
H.R.H. Prince Arthur of Connaught, with H.R.H. Princess
Patricia of Connaught.
H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught, with H.R.H. the Princess of
H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, with H.R.H. the Duchess of
The Sword. The Mace.
The Lord Mayor with H.M. the Queen of Denmark.
H.M. the King of Denmark with the Lady Mayoress.
The Band of the Royal Artillery played the Danish
National Anthem as the procession moved on.
The King wore the uniform of a Danish General,
with the ribbon of the Garter. The Queen was in
a gown of white glace silk, with a pleated skirt with
lace and gold embroidery, a white tulle toque with
gold embroidery, and a white osprey. Her Majesty
wore a Danish Order set in brilliants, and a most
beautiful pearl necklace. The Prince of Wales wore
Admiral's uniform, with the ribbon of the Danish
Order of the Elephant. The Princess of Wales wore
a dress of crepe de chine with hand-painted flowers
on a white background, and a mauve toque. The
Duke of Connaught was in Field-Marshal's uniform,
with the ribbon of the Order of the Elephant; and
156 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Prince Arthur of Connaught wore the uniform of a
Captain in the Scots Greys, with the aiguillette of
When all the persons composing the procession
had taken their appointed places, the King sitting
on my right, the Queen on my left, the Town Clerk
(Mr. James Bell) read the resolution of the Court
for presenting the address, and the Recorder (Sir
Forrest Fulton, K.C.) read the address. The King
graciously replied, saying: "The Queen and I feel
gratified by this testimony of your sympathy. We
shall always keep this beautiful casket as a dear
remembrance of the reception which has been given
us to-day by this venerable and historic Corporation."
I then presented Mr. W. H. Pitman, the mover,
and Alderman Sir G. F. Faudel-Phillips, the seconder
of the address, the two next senior Aldermen present,
and the Sheriffs; then I conducted the royal party
to a withdrawing room, and the general company
took their seats at the luncheon tables. Their
Majesties paid a visit to the Art Gallery during this
interval, to see the Loan Exhibition of Danish
pictures. The King conferred various classes of the
Order of the Danebrog upon me, the Sheriffs, the
Town Clerk, the City Remembrancer (Mr. Adrian
Pollock), Sir W. Soulsby, Mr. W. H. Pitman, Mr.
Corbould Ellis, and Mr. A. G. Temple.
There were only three toasts : The King and Queen,
The King and Queen of Denmark (proposed by me),
and The Lord Mayor and Corporation, proposed by
Dined with the members of the City Lands Com-
mittee at Carpenters' Hall, the Chairman, Mr. J. W.
GALA AT THE OPERA 157
Attended, after dinner, at Lady Rothschild's
reception, 148, Piccadilly.
Tuesday, llth June. Meeting, at 12.45, Guildhall,
of Wilson's Committee.
Court of Aldermen at i .30.
Went to Olympia to the Royal Horse Show, with
the Lady Mayoress and Sheriffs, 3.15. Met there
the King and Queen of Denmark.
Meeting of Committee of Dwellings of the Poor,
Mansion House, at 5.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Ship-
wrights at Fishmongers' Hall, the Master, Mr. J.
Mowlem Burt, J.P., presiding.
By command the Lady Mayoress and I went to
a gala performance at the Opera to meet the King
and Queen of Denmark. I have never seen such a
grand sight at any theatre as this : the whole of the
boxes on every tier were covered with a ground-
work of green trellis-work, on which hung festoons
of pale pink roses, while the fronts of the boxes
were edged with a thin bank of roses of deeper
The Royal Box in the middle of the Grand Tier
was formed from five ordinary boxes. Above it was
a crown in scarlet and yellow, and the Danish and
English flags. The majority of the flowers were
artificial, because experience has shown that if real
blooms are exclusively employed the perfume is
The programme started with the playing of the
Danish National Anthem and " God Save the King ";
then selections from the operas Madame Butterfly
and La Bohenie. Signori Caruso and Scotti, and
Mdlle. Destinn, Mme. Melba, Signori Sammarco,
158 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Marcoux, and Gilbert, and many other talented
artistes, took part in the performance.
Wednesday, 12th June. Attended service in state
with the Sheriffs at 12.45, St. Magnus the Martyr,
Earthquake Committee at 12, at Mansion House.
Attended a meeting of the Belgrave Hospital for
Children, Prince's Skating Rink at Knightsbridge,
at 3. Princess Henry of Battenberg present.
Attended with the Lady Mayoress the State Ball at
Thursday, 13th June. One of the great events of my
mayoralty, for to-day Her Majesty Queen Alexandra
came to the Mansion House to open the Queen's
Fete in aid of my Cripples' Fund. Her Majesty,
who was accompanied by Princess Victoria, and
attended by the Hon. Charlotte Knollys, Lady Alice
Stanley, Lord Howe, the Hon. Sydney Greville, and
Colonel Brocklehurst, C.B., drove from Buckingham
Palace to the Mansion House in semi-state, in a
landau drawn by four horses, with postillions and
scarlet-coated outriders, and attended by a travelling
escort of Life Guards. A second carriage, drawn by
four horses, contained the suite in attendance.
As the royal procession drove up to the Mansion
House, punctually at three o'clock, the Queen was
greeted with loud cheers ; while the Guard of Honour
of the Honourable Artillery Company gave the Royal
Salute, and the band played the National Anthem.
The Lady Mayoress and I received Her Majesty at
the entrance, we were in full state attended by the
Sword-Bearer, the Mace-Bearer and the City Marshal
The Queen wore a dark purple-coloured gown, with
a toque, and a feather stole to match. We escorted
SOME AUTOGRAPHS OF FAMOUS MEN.
1 60 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Her Majesty and the Princess to the first floor by the
lift, and proceeded to the representation of Old
Temple Bar erected in the middle of the saloon,
where I presented a gold key to the Queen, requesting
Her Majesty to inaugurate the fete by opening the
gates. As this was done there was a flourish of
trumpets, followed by the National Anthem, played
by a string band of the Royal Artillery. I then
conducted Her Majesty to the flower and fruit stall
at which the Lady Mayoress presided. My daughter
presented Her Majesty with a bouquet, and Miss
Harrison presented one to the Princess.
The Egyptian Hall presented a very gay and
brilliant appearance. I conducted Her Majesty and
the Princess to chairs on a slightly raised platform,
under a crowned canopy of royal red. I then made
the following speech, which I am giving here because
it tells the story of my Fund :
' May it please your Majesty, ladies, and gentle-
men, in the first place it is my humble duty to wel-
come your Majesty here, at the Mansion House, and
as Lord Mayor of London to assure you of the dutiful
loyalty of the Citizens, and the great delight which
they experience in having your gracious presence in
their midst. It is perhaps fitting that I should
make a brief statement of the object to which your
Majesty is giving assistance, and which has brought
together this fete the Queen's Fete.
" The efforts which from time to time have been
made to benefit the crippled children of London
efforts in which 1 have been privileged to take some
part have convinced me of the necessity of en-
deavouring to establish homes in which that terrible
national scourge, tuberculosis, can be combated at
THE QUEEN'S FfeTE 161
its source, and which, at once curative and educa-
tional, should provide home and education for the
tuberculosis stricken children of England. No insti-
tution of the sort at the present time exists; but in
France and in Germany systematic and successful
efforts are made on these lines. I am glad to be
able to say that, in response to the appeal which I
made in November for 60,000, the sum of 40,000
has been received; this sum includes a special fund
of 5,000, which has been contributed as the result
of your Majesty's visit here to-day, in response to a
special appeal which was sent forth, asking for
donations which might be announced on your
Majesty's visit. I have also to record the gratifying
fact that the Mayors of the Metropolitan Boroughs
have been loyally and generously assisting me. The
following list may be of interest, as showing what
the Metropolitan Mayors have done up to the
present viz. :
Battersea .. .. 100 | Kensington ..
Bermondsey . . . . 212 Lambeth . . . . 61
Bethnal Green . . . . 185 Marylebone . . . . 50
Camberwell .. .. 332 Paddington .. .. 134
Chelsea .. .. .. 140 Poplar .. .. 112
Finsbury . . . . 229 j Shoreditch . . . . 202
Fulham . . . . 303 South wark . . . . 226
Hackney . . . . 225 Stepney . . . . 400
Hammersmith . . . . 305 Stoke Newington . . 363
Hampstead . . . . 201
Holborn . . . . 330
Wands worth . . . . 607
Woolwich . . . . 50
" In conclusion, I have only to say I must still be
a beggar the sum of 60,000 has to be raised.
Towards that result the efforts so nobly led by your
Majesty to-day will in no small degree contribute,
and it is with a heart full of gratitude to all who have
1 62 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
assisted me to organise this magnificent fete, that I
ask your Majesty to declare it open."
The Queen now received from a procession of
children purses, the sums amounting in all to i ,400 ;
then a space was cleared by the Yeomen of the
Guard for her Majesty to visit the stalls, where she
made many purchases.
In the Venetian Parlour all the plate belonging
to the Mansion House was displayed, and, of course,
a small extra charge was made for the side-shows.
In the Long Parlour tea was served, under the
direction of Countess Howe.
The entrance to the Egyptian Hall was made
through a representation of Old Temple Bar, set
up as a generous gift by Messrs. Waring and Gillow.
The first stall was in the charge of the Lady Mayoress,
where fruit and flowers were sold. The stall with
foreign goods was in charge of H.R.H. the Princess
Alexandra of Teck. Lady Faudel-Phillips presided
at the men's stall. The American Embassy stall,
organised by Mrs. Ronalds, with Mrs. Whitelaw
Reid, Mrs. Ridgely Carter, Mrs. Gibbons, Mrs. Clo-
man, and a number of other ladies, was a grand
show. The Fine Arts stall was presided over by the
Duchess of Somerset, assisted by the Duchess of
Norfolk, the Duchess of Westminster, Countess
Bathurst, and Lady Marjorie Manners. H.R.H. the
Princess Henry of Battenberg presided over an
Oriental stall. H.R.H. the Princess Christian had
a stall for silks. The French Embassy stall was
managed by the Comte de Lastours ; this was a very
interesting exhibition, and the following ladies helped
to make this stall attractive: Madame Geoffray,
Madame Anzepy, the Comtesse de Mauneville, the
STALL-KEEPERS AND ENTERTAINERS 163
Marquise de la Begassiere, the Comtesse de Lastours,
and the Comtesse de Mantholon.
The Wedding and Birthday Presents stall had the
help of the Lady Lilian Grenfell, the Hon. Mrs.
Gilbert Johnstone, Lady Henderson, Lady Wernher,
the Lady Alwyne Compton, Lady Greenwell," Mrs.
H. D. Jefferson, and Mrs. Eckstein. H.R.H. the
Duchess of Albany had control of the stall for the
sale of china and glass. The Marchioness of Salis-
bury presided at a miscellaneous stall, assisted by
the Countess of Dudley, Lady Ellis, and Lady Strong.
Upstairs, in the old ball-room, under the manage-
ment of Mr. Edward Terry and Mr. Graham Browne,
a series of twenty minutes' entertainments were
given by Mr. George Alexander, Madame Alice Esty,
Mdlle. de Nys, Signer Besoni, Mr. Lewis Waller,
Miss Lilian Braithwaite, Mr. Franklin Clive, Master
Max Darewski, Mr. Harry Fragson, and Mr. Harrison
Hill. Mr. Leslie Lambert provided an exhibition of
sleight of hand; and Mr. Kronstaud, the Swedish
artist, produced lightning portraits; Mr. Louis Wain
drew cats ; and a fine gramophone gave the voices of
Patti, Melba, and Caruso. Miss Cowper Coles
arranged a set of old English dances by her pupils,
who, on the first day, had the honour of dancing
before the Queen.
I much admired the way by which Mrs., now Lady,
Alexander in this room greatly helped the Fund by
selling programmes. " Look," she said to some
unsuspecting visitor, " the Queen has left her pro-
gramme." I think the sale of programmes was
increased, and high prices obtained by this allowable
action. It reminds me of the clever way by which
a Cook's dragoman on the Nile obtained good tips.
1 64 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
A large party of tourists were riding on donkeys in
charge of this dragoman when one of the lady riders
complained that her donkey was not a comfortable
mount. Whispering, and enjoining profound secrecy,
the wily Arab suggested that his own .special donkey
should be the lady's; his was a special animal, most
comfortable to ride, and easy to manage. The
exchange is made; the tip given; and the same
performance was gone through again and again,
each lady in turn being given " my own beautiful
quiet donkey," and providing her own beautiful tip
for the exchange of animals.
To return to the Queen's Fete. There was also
a " Universal Bureau," where the goods sent for
the tombola sale (which the Home Secretary would
not allow) were sold.
Had the lottery taken place a lion cub would have
A pedigree calf was sold, a Chow dog, a live lamb,
several fresh salmon, etc. Lady Gunter gave a
motor-car (600 guineas) to be sold to the highest
Mr. Sheriff Dunn vainly endeavoured to dispose
of this at auction.
Mr. Pett Ridge edited the souvenir book of the
Queen's Fete, and Her Majesty graciously accepted
a copy, which he presented to her.
Mr. Percy Armytage, M.V.O., was of great assist-
ance in arranging and organising the proceedings.
Before leaving, Her Majesty graciously assured me
of her pleasure at the success of the beautiful fete,
and of her complete sympathy with me in the work
I was trying to do; and I confess I was greatly
encouraged by her kind and sympathetic words
THE EDITOR, MR. PETT RIDGE, AND CONTRIBUTORS TO THE SOUVENIR
BOOK OF THE QUEEN'S FETE, AT THE MANSION HOUSE, ON THURSDAY,
JUNE 13, 1907.
Ftein a drawing by A. S, Boy a.
To face p. 164
RED CROSS CONFERENCE 165
She told me she wished to come to Guildhall privately
to see the Danish pictures now on exhibition there;
but that she would wait to make her visit until after
my return from Berlin. Seven hundred guineas was
the amount realised by the sale of entrance tickets
on the first day.
That night I held a reception, amongst the stalls
and platform, from 9 till 12 o'clock, for the Inter-
national Red Cross Conference. There were many
important guests, including the American Ambas-
sador and Mrs. Whitelaw Reid, Lord and Lady
Ormonde, Lord and Lady Coventry, Lord Clarendon
and Lady Edith Villiers, Lord Wicklow, Lord and
Lady Esher, Lord and Lady Brownlow, Lord and
Lady Mount Edgcumbe, Lord and Lady Burton, Sir
Ernest Cassel, the Hon. Charles and Mrs. Rothschild,
General Sir John Ardagh and Susan Lady Malmes-
bury, the Hon. Henry and Mrs. Cubitt, Prince
Troubetzkoy, M. and Mme. E. Carnot, Countess Jean
de Castellane, Mr. Henry Morris, President of the
Royal College of Surgeons, Mr. Acland, K.C., and
Mrs. Acland, Rear-Admiral and Mrs. Chadwick, Sir
John and Lady Furley, Sir Alfred and Lady Keogh,
Colonel Sloggett, Sir John Tweedy, The Mackintosh
and Mrs. Mackintosh, Major-General Montgomery,
Colonel Stapleton Cotton, Dr. and Lady Philippa
Stewart, Colonel and Mrs. Kenyon-Slaney, and others.
Friday, 14th June. Presided at a Court of Common
Council at 12 o'clock at Guildhall.
At3 I received M. Cambon, the French Ambassador,
at the Mansion House, who opened the Queen's Fete
for the second day. He unlocked Temple Bar with
a silver key, and trumpets were again blown. Four
stalwart Yeomen of the Guard escorted His Excel-
lency. In addressing M. Cambon, I reminded him
that his presence was especially appropriate, since
in France at Berck-sur-mer there was an institution
for tuberculosis patients remarkable for its success,
and one from which I hoped to learn many features
of usefulness. His Excellency, in reply, said it was
a great pleasure for him to see the British Flag
associated with the Flag of France and of the Republic
of the United States to decorate this splendid charity
fete. " It is well for the three great liberal nations
of the world to work together in such a generous
undertaking. I do not think there is a task which
could be more interesting; and I thank you for
having allowed us to take part in it." His Excel-
lency went up to the entertainment in the old ball-
room, and I with him, accompanied by Mr. George
Presided at a dinner in the Art Gallery at Guildhall
" The North Sea Dinner."
Saturday, 15th June. Attended, by command of
the King, at the unveiling by His Majesty of the
equestrian statue of the Duke of Cambridge at White-
hall, at 12 o'clock. I wore leve*e dress, in obedience
to orders. It was a very wet, miserable day, and as
I stood in my pumps amongst all the generals and
other officers in top boots and overcoats, I was
addressed by the Duke of Connaught. He said:
" My Lord Mayor, the King has sent me to tell you
that he is aware you have not been well lately; he
therefore wishes you to go into a front room at the
War Office on the ground floor, where you will be
sheltered and warm, and from whence you can see
all there is to be seen," and he then took me to the
GOLDEN RESULT OF THE F&TE 167
The King came to me after the ceremony, and
spoke a few kind, genial words. I shall never forget
this episode. It showed me why King Edward VII.
was beloved by everyone he came in touch with.
The American Ambassador and Mrs. Whitelaw
Reid opened the Queen's Fete for the third
His Excellency expressed himself as being surprised
at my moderation in only asking for 60,000; as the
Chief Magistrate of the greatest, richest, and most
populous city in the world, I ought to have asked
for much more, and I think he was right. If I had
known as much at the beginning of my year of office
as I did at the end, I would have got more; but
perhaps I have made up for it since.
Mr. Sheriff Dunn had another try to get rid of
Lady Gunter's motor-car, but the bidding was only
500; eventually that lady kindly paid 600 guineas
to the Fund, and took back the car.
It was decided that as so many people were unable
to attend the Queen's Fete during the three days
it was open, the Mansion House door should be
available to paying visitors on Wednesday and
Thursday, and sales should continue on those two
days. I was then in Berlin. Sir Alfred Newton,
Bart., kindly assisted the Lady Mayoress, and good
results were attained. The total amount realised
by the Queen's Fete was 12,000.
Her Majesty the Queen further evinced her sym-
pathy and her interest in the Fund for Crippled
Children by sending me a telegram, and writing the
following autograph letter to me. The telegram is
from Copenhagen, and so is the letter, both dated
the 2 5th of September, 1907.
1 68 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
The telegram :
" To THE LORD MAYOR, LONDON. I will, with
the greatest pleasure, give my name to the Children's
League for the help of poor crippled children, and
send you a cheque for one hundred pounds.
This is the letter :
" DEAR LORD MAYOR,
" I have heard with great satisfaction the
result of the ftte which was held during the summer
in aid of ' The Lord Mayor's Cripples' Fund,' and
am much interested to learn that a special effort is
now to be made to raise the additional sum of 10,000
which is still required to complete the endowment
fund for the Home and College at Alton.
" I trust most sincerely that this sum, which is so
essential to the success of the undertaking, will be
given by the many kind people who are interested
in so good a cause, and that you personally will have
the satisfaction before leaving office of knowing that
your lifelong efforts on behalf of those poor suffering
children will, with God's blessing, be crowned with
perfect success, and that everything that can possibly
be done to alleviate their condition and conduce to
their ultimate cure had been fully accomplished.
" Believe me, yours sincerely,
The result of Queen Alexandra's letter was imme-
diate and certain, and before my year of office had
ended I received from a generous public more than
the amount I had estimated for viz., 60,000.
It was decided after long discussion with several
QUEEN ALEXANDRA'S HELP 169
of my friends, including Sir Ernest Flower and Sir
William Soulsby, to name the Institution at Alton
" The Lord Mayor Treloar's Cripples' Hospital and
College." Sir William Soulsby was the originator
of this title, and strongly urged its adoption; the
idea in his mind being that the name should at once
show that the Hospital was founded by a Lord Mayor,
whose name was Treloar. Many people have given
me the credit of inventing this title, but the actual
idea came from my old friend Soulsby, and I wish to
put the fact on record once and for all.
It is now twelve years since then, and I have
included in this book three illustrations, which,
although they do not refer to incidents during my
year of office, are yet the direct results of it.
(i) The reception at the Alton railway-station of
the first batch of patients on the 8th of September,
1908; (2) the gracious and never-to-be-forgotten visit
of Queen Alexandra to Alton, accompanied by Queen
Amelie of Portugal, when both the Queens planted
trees in commemoration of their visit; and (3) the
first patients at Sandy Point Branch at Hayling
Island, who came on the nth of September, 1919;
they are shown on the balcony of the pavilion, which
is situated on the edge of the sea.
Her Majesty graciously became the President of
' The Queen Alexandra League of Children to Help
Poor Crippled Children," and contributed 100
towards the Fund for its inauguration.
I issued many collecting cards to the little members
of the League, and so collected a large sum.
The royal grandchildren had cards, one of which,
that used by Princess Mary, I have reproduced.
From the beginning Queen Alexandra has taken the
1 70 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
greatest interest in my work, and is always ready to
do everything she can to assist and encourage me.
November 2jth, 1906.
" MY DEAR LORD MAYOR,
" I am commanded by the King and Queen
to let you know with what interest their Majesties
have read the appeal you are making to the public
on behalf of the poor crippled children of the Metro-
polis, and to assure you that their Majesties most
heartily and sincerely wish all success to your philan-
thropic endeavour to relieve these poor suffering
children. I have now the pleasure to enclose two
cheques for 100 guineas each (one from the King
and one from the Queen), as donations from their
Majesties towards the Fund being raised for this
most worthy object.
" Their Majesties authorise me to say they cannot
conceive any method better calculated to assist in
rescuing from crippledom a large portion of these
poor little sufferers than the establishment on a firm
and sound basis of such an institution as is contem-
plated in the scheme which you have laid before the
" I remain, my dear Lord Mayor,
" Very truly yours,
" D. M. PROBYN."
I cannot resist adding this testimony from a great
authority. Sir George Newman, in writing to me in
December, 1919, says: " I have been for many years
a warm admirer of the splendid work which has been
done at Alton. It has not only proved invaluable
as a body-repairing and life-saving institution of
LADDER OF HEALTH.
Will you help us up by taking a Shilling Rung?
*Che Spaces are for Names or Intii&k.
PRINCESS MARY'S COLLECTING CARD.
To face p 1 70
INVITATION TO BERLIN 171
inestimable benefit to hundreds of little children, but
it has proved itself a pioneer in setting a new standard
for the treatment of non-pulmonary tuberculosis in
children. I am very pleased that it was a President
of the Board of Education (Lord Gainford) who first
provided Exchequer grants in aid of Alton, and I
hope that in future years a number of Altons will
spring up in various parts of the country."
Earlier in my diary (Saturday, the i6th of March)
I told of a dinner at which I presided in aid of the
German Society of Benevolence. I was induced to
take the chair by my friend the late Mr. De Keyser,
who told me that the German Ambassador, Count
Metternich, would be present, and was anxious to
De Keyser gave me a hint that the Ambassador
intended to speak to me about a visit to Berlin which
it was hoped I would pay.
My predecessor, Sir W. Vaughan-Morgan, had paid
a visit to Paris during his year of office, and I thought
it quite a likely idea that I should be invited to
Berlin, and it appealed to me. The Ambassador,
during dinner, asked me if I thought that the Kaiser
would be a welcome visitor if he came on a visit to
London. I said, Yes, I thought he would. " Will
you say so when you speak to-night ?" he said.
" Yes, I will," I said. After I had spoken, His
Excellency said to me: "Are you going to visit
Paris during your mayoralty, as the late Lord Mayor
did ?" " No," I answered, " I shall not go to Paris.
If I go abroad, I should like to go farther afield,
for I think the greater the distance from London,
the more consequence and importance is attached
to the position of Lord Mayor of London." He
172 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
laughed, and said : " Berlin is not so near to London
as Paris ; how would that suit you ? Would you be
inclined to accept an invitation to go to Berlin in
the summer?" I became a little coy, and thought
I might ; I would if I could, etc. I eventually fixed
on the only week I could get away viz., that begin-
ning on the 1 6th of June; and so it was left. I met
Mr. Haldane, who was at this time our War Minister,
on the following Saturday, the 23rd of March. He
was giving the prizes to the boys of the ist Cadet
Battalion King's Royal Rifle Corps at Guildhall, and
I was in the chair. I took the opportunity to tell
him that I had reason to believe I might be invited
to go to Berlin shortly, and I asked his opinion as
to my accepting such an invitation. He said he
would let me know. A day or two afterwards I
received the following letter :
" WAR OFFICE,
" March 26th, 1907.
" DEAR LORD MAYOR,
" I think that if the invitation we spoke of
comes from Germany you may safely accept it.
" Believe me,
" Yours sincerely,
(Signed) " R. B. HALDANE."
I announced to the Court of Common Council on
the 2nd of May that I had received a letter dated
the 1 3th of April from Herr Kirchner, Oberburger-
meister of Berlin, inviting me and the Sheriffs, and
forty or fifty members of the Corporation, to visit
Berlin, and the date selected for the proposed visit
was June 1 6 to 21.
VISIT TO THE FOREIGN OFFICE 173
The Court received the communication with
acclamation, and decided to choose members for the
visit by ballot.
On the 1 5th of May I went to the Foreign Office
by request. Sir Edward Grey received me very
genially. I remember he said: " Sit in this chair,
my Lord Mayor; it is very comfortable and easy;
we call it the Ambassador's chair." It was a com-
fortable armchair. " I hear you are going to Berlin."
" Yes," I said. " When do you go ?" he asked. I
replied: " On the i6th of June, for five days i.e.,
until the 2ist." " Who fixed the date ?" Sir Edward
asked. " I did," said I. " Are you sure ?" " Yes,
quite sure." " Well," he said, " we have heard that
it is intended by the Germans to call attention to the
fact that the i8th of Jun? is the anniversary of the
Battle of Waterloo in order to annoy France, and,
if possible, to create bitterness between us and the
French people, and no doubt you will be used as a
pawn in the game. The present strained feelings
between France and Germany will not be improved
if they make use of your visit to carry out such an
idea. Do you think your visit could be put off?"
" No," I said, " that cannot be." " Well," he said,
" forewarned is forearmed; you must do the best
When I got back to the Mansion House I sent a
telegram to the Oberburgermeister to ask that he
would be so kind as to leave the evening of the 1 8th
June free, as I had arranged a private dinner for
that day, and should be glad not to attend any public
function in the evening.
Shortly afterwards I had a visit from Mr. John
Walter, of The Times, who brought to see me his
174 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Berlin correspondent, Mr. Saunders. He asked me
the same questions as Sir Edward Grey had put to
me; and he also suggested that the proposed visit
should be abandoned, or delayed. He said the
French Government were aware of the intention of
the Germans to use the Lord Mayor of London as
a pawn in their game, and he bid me beware.
Well, I went to Berlin as arranged ; and on the
1 8th I went with our party to Charlottenburg, where,
at a public luncheon in the Town Hall (it is interesting
to see how my objection to a dinner was avoided)
Burgomaster Matting recalled the fact that ninety-
two years ago to-day Englishmen and Prussians
had fought shoulder to shoulder; and that now, as
then, English and Germans must stand together.
In replying, I said I was glad to say that France,
which was our foe nearly a hundred years ago, was
now our stanchest ally. The following extract from
Le Petit Journal of the 2ist of June, 1907, showed
how alert Paris was at this time :
" Depdche de noire Correspondant.
"Berlin, 20 Juin.
11 Le jour anniversaire de la Bataille de Waterloo
le lord-maire et un certain nombre d'ediles de Londres
qui font actuellement un voyage en Allemagne
assistaient a un dejeuner qui leur offrait la munici-
palite de Charlottenburg pres de Berlin.
" A 1'heure des toasts le Bourgemestre crut bon
de rappeler que ce mcme jour il y a juste quatre-
vingt-douze ans les armees anglaises et allemandes
avaient combattu cote a cote dans les plaines de
Waterloo. II termina son allocution en disant que
A " CLEVERLY-ARRANGED PLOT' 175
' Maintenant comme alors Allemands et Anglais
devaient marcher ensemble.' Avec beaucoup de tact,
le lord-maire se contenta de repondre :
" ' Je suis un homme de paix et non un homme
de guerre. Tout ce que je peux dire, c'est que le
vaillant ennemi de 1'Angleterre en 1815 est aujourd-
'hui notre plus sur allie (our stanchest ally).' Les
Anglais presents a ce banquet ont & vraiment
affect e"s par la preuve de mauvais gout donnde par
ce bourgemestre tudesque. Les Allemands sans parti
pris ont deplore" qu'il se fut attire* la fine rdplique du
lord-maire de Londres."
An article appeared in Nash's Magazine of January,
1910, called " The Terror on Europe's Threshold."
The author, Mr. Alexander Powell, displayed quite
a prophetic instinct about the war which was to
break out four years later. He points out how the
ambition of the Kaiser was to dominate the Continent
and the world, how he bullied France, and how he.
was always striving to test the strength of the Anglo-
French alliance. Mr. Powell then goes on to refer
to " the cleverly arranged plot " to trap the Lord
Mayor, and I venture to give his own words, written
some three years after my visit to Berlin :
" Behind the documentary dust of diplomacy are
hidden comedies as well as tragedies, and the fierce
battle which is being raged in the underworld of
Anglo- Franco-German politics has produced instances
of both. Here is the story of one of the comedies
a petty affair, it is true; but it bade fair to be a
tragedy; and if the conspirators who planned it had
succeeded, it would probably have ended the friend-
ship of England and France. On this occasion the
1 76 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
city of Berlin prepared a vociferous welcome for a
Lord Mayor of London, in which triumphal arches,
banquets, toasts, and decorations all bore their part.
There was to be a great dinner with the Lord Mayor,
as its chief figure, with a chinking of glasses and a
making of speeches to proclaim to the world the fact
that the peoples on both sides of the North Sea were
brothers despite the war talk. But scarcely had the
Lord Mayor set foot on German soil than a dis-
quieting report reached the British Foreign Office
through French secret service sources, that some-
thing besides a banquet was afoot in Berlin. There
was a cleverly arranged plot, said the Suret officials,
to trap the Lord Mayor, whose utterances would be
taken as those of the British nation, into making
some indiscreet remark which would be seized upon
by the Anglophobe pens of Paris as an excuse for
denouncing the Anglo-French alliance. The secret
agents of the French Government were right. The
occasion utilised was an official luncheon in Berlin,
at which the chairman reminded his guests that on
that day fell the anniversary of Waterloo, and ex-
pressed the hope that in the future as in the past,
Germans and Britons would stand shoulder to
shoulder against the common foe the foe, of course,
" Most men would not have seen the danger until
it was too late, and would have replied, thoughtlessly
enough, that they seconded such a wish, and that
they drank to the health of their friends and brothers
the Germans. But that Lord Mayor was a diplomat,
if ever there was one; he sold good Persian carpets
in his private capacity, and that is why, perhaps, he
was so imbued with Oriental cunning. For, amid
DEPARTURE FOR BERLIN 177
an expectant silence, he rose in his place, imposing
in his fur-trimmed robes and his chain of office, and
replied that the anniversary of Waterloo but served
to remind all Englishmen of the progress they had
made in friendship and understanding with their
good neighbours, the French, and taking this as his
theme, he availed himself very adroitly of the opening
thus given him by German diplomacy to applaud
the entente with France."
Saturday, 15th June. Departed from Victoria
Station at 8.35 p.m. for Berlin, via Queenborough
and Flushing. I have been feeling ill for some days,
and once or twice I was afraid I might have to
abandon my intention of going on this visit to
Germany. I wrote to the Head Burgomaster asking
to be allowed to take with me my doctor, the late
Henry Hetley. Dr. Kirchner at once consented, and
sent personal invitations for him to all the functions
which had been arranged. This was a great comfort
to me, because Hetley was a very dear friend of mine.
I am sure he enjoyed the tour, for he was a very
hard-working man, and seldom took any relaxation.
The members of the deputation (alas ! how many
of them have gone !) were Alderman Sir Vansittart
Bowater, Mr. Deputy Cuthbertson, Deputy Sir
George Woodman, Mr. Deputy Turner, Sir Thomas
Brooke-Hitching, Mr. J. Cloudsley, Mr. W. P. Neal,
Colonel Vickers Dunfee, Mr. W. H. Pitman, Mr.
W. H. Key, Mr. W. H.Thomas, Mr. W. Hacker,
Mr. J. Rowland Brough, Mr. R. Davies, Mr. Alex
Tillie, Mr. A. E. Palmer, Mr. James Lake, Mr. S.
Pollitzer, Mr. W. J. Downes, Mr. J. J. Redding,
Mr. W. W. Green, Mr. D. Haydon, Mr. F. D. Bowles,
Mr. Carl Hentschel, Mr. James Roll (now Alderman),
i 7 8 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Mr. F. Brinsley-Harper, Mr. J. G. Howell, Mr. W.
Cambden, Mr. S. J. Sandle, Mr. E. H. Green, the
Rev. Percival Clementi-Smith, M.A., Mr. L. A.
Newton, Mr. R. Green, Mr. T. Robinson, Mr. L.
Bamberger, Mr. C. P. Whiteley, Mr. Howarth Barnes,
Mr. G. Frankel, Mr. H. G. W. Brinsley, Mr. C. McCraig
Wither, Mr. G. C. H. Jennings, Mr. T. Ellis, Mr. W.
Hurst Brown, the Chamberlain (Sir J. Dimsdale),
the Town Clerk (Mr., now Sir, James Bell), and the
Remembrancer (Mr. A. Pollock), Mr. Alderman and
Sheriff Crosby, Mr. Sheriff W. H. Dunn (since Alder-
man, and Baronet).
I see by the papers that the Municipality of Berlin
propose a vote of 40,000 marks i.e., 2,000 as the
cost of our visit.
Sunday, 16th June. We arrived at Berlin about
7 p.m., and were received by Burgomaster Kirchner
and other municipal representatives, and taken to
our hotels; mine was the Bristol, where a fine suite
of rooms on the first floor was placed at my disposal.
This is the programme of the work and enjoyment
confronting us :
MONDAY, JUNE lyrn.
Morning. Visit to the Government School, Wilhelmstrasse, No. 10.
Visit to Public Baths, Barwaldstrasse, No. 64.
Visit to the Frederick High School, Mittenwalderstrasse
Lunch in the Rheingold Restaurant.
Afternoon. Inspection of the Rudolf Virchow Hospital.
Evening. Dinner in Town Hall, 8 p.m.
TUESDAY, JUNE i8xH.
Morning. Visit to the Royal Museum and Technical School'
Andreasstrasse, Nos. 1/2.
Journey on the High and Underground Railways from the
Schleswig Gate to Charlottenburg.
Lunch at Town Hall, Charlottenburg.
DR. VIRCHOW'S HOSPITAL 179
Afternoon. Visit to the Charlottenburg School of Forestry.
Evening. Opera, 8 p.m. Reception afterwards at the Houses
WEDNESDAY, JUNE IQTH.
Morning. Visit Zoological Garden and Picture Galleries.
Lunch at the Picture Galleries.
Afternoon. Visit to the Municipal Institution at Buch.
Evening. Dinner, Zoological Garden.
THURSDAY, JUNE 20TH.
Morning. Drive to Potsdam.
Evening. Dinner at Kaiserhof, 7 p.m.
Monday, 17th June. This morning (by-the-by,
this is Ascot week at home), just before ten, we went
off in motor-cars flying English and German flags;
each car took four of us, and a Berlin alderman,
who talked English, to a Board School, where the
Chief Burgomaster spoke a few words from the
master's rostrum, or stand, in the centre of the room.
After he had finished, I entered the stand and made
a little speech. Children sang hymns of welcome;
then there was a great chorus-song sung by the boys,
" Long Live the Kaiser." Singing national songs
is part of a child's education in Germany.
Then we saw some wonderful swimming and
We lunched at the new Rheingold Restaurant,
which has accommodation for seating five thousand
people. We had a good lunch and no speeches, and
were then taken to the great Municipal Hospital
named after Dr. Virchow. This is a free hospital,
or series of hospitals, maintained by the rates,
equipped as are only the very best and most expensive
i8o A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
hospitals here. Berlin has a right to be proud of
this magnificent hospital.
We dined, and were formally welcomed, at a
gorgeous state banquet in the Town Hall, where
over a thousand of Berlin's most illustrious citizens
gathered to do us honour. Amongst those present
were Dr. Von Bethman-Hollweg, Minister of the
Interior; Herr Nicherding, Secretary of State for the
Department of Justice; Herr Dernberg, Secretary of
State for the Colonies. Count Posadowsky, the
Imperial Home Secretary, proposed the joint toast
of "The Kaiser and King Edward." I am able to
give his words :
" Gentlemen, In this place, in the Town Hall of
the capital of the German Empire, where so many
events full of significance for the German Empire,
the State of Prussia, and the City of Berlin have
already been celebrated, we have to-day the honour
to salute the Head of the City of London, the greatest
city of earth, which was an important trading place
already at the time of the' Romans, before Christ.
We have taken over from England the principle of
communal self-government in the modern sense.
When the Lord Mayor of London, the head of the
greatest city self-government corporation of this
giant city, which can look back on a history and
experience of 2,000 years, accompanied by numerous
City representatives, comes to Germany in order to
see the communal arrangements of our country, this
can only fill us with genuine pleasure; this means the
recognition that the German city authorities have
known how to comply with the rising requirements
of their office, and thus to offer the representatives
THE BANQUET 181
of such an ancient place of culture as London, many
things worth enquiring into, and perhaps even
imitating. As the representative of the Empire at
this festive meeting, I heartily welcome in Germany
the Lord Mayor of London. The Empire and State
authorities, jointly with the communal corporations,
will do their best to show our guests all the arrange-
ments in the social and communal domain that they
consider worth their examination. The fact that
in modern times the communal corporations in Great
Britain, as well as in Germany, have reached such
a tremendous development, is due to the Monarchs
of the two countries having showed great under-
standing and interest in the welfare of the quickly
growing town population, and to their statesman-
like wisdom, which left' in full confidence to the self-
government of the cities the problems of general
state administration. We wish, therefore, now, in
the first place, to honour the Monarchs of the two
great States, and to express to them our homage by
calling long life to His Majesty the German Kaiser,
King of Prussia, and His Majesty the King of Great
Britain and Ireland."
It was one of the Ministers of State sitting next to
me at the dinner, who said : " Hullo ! you've got the
Vicar of Wakefield with you." He was referring to
the Rev. P. Clementi-Smith, one of our party, who
has a very good head of white hair and a fine healthy-
looking, good-humoured countenance, and who would
certainly make a good representation of the Vicar
of Wakefield on a film.
In responding to the toast of " The Guests," pro-
posed by Burgomaster Kirchner, I told them that if
1 82 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
I were not Lord Mayor of London I would like to be
Chief Burgomaster of Berlin, and that I should be
disengaged early in November.
Tuesday, 18th June. To-day we went to two
museums, the Pergamon and the Kaiser Frederick,
and then went to Charlottenburg, a suburb of Berlin,
with a population of three hundred thousand, and
a separate corporation. At lunch here occurred
the affair described on p. 176. What interested me
here was the " Forest School," to which delicate or
sickly children are taken in trams or other vehicles,
and given lessons suitable to their state of health
in the open air, after which they are sent home in
the same way. It is a splendid idea, and is all done
out of the rates.
Wednesday, 19th June. We went to-day to the
Zoological Gardens, to some art galleries, and an
annual exhibition of paintings.
This evening we went to a gala performance at the
opera, where Donizetti's Daughter of the Regiment
was given, followed by an informal supper in the
large lobby of the Reichstag.
Thursday, 20th June. I received this morning the
following telegram from the Kaiser :
" I have received with many thanks your Lord-
ship's and Corporation of London's kind message.
I am particularly pleased to know that you will
to-day be my welcome guests at Potsdam, and
sincerely hope you may enjoy your visit. I regret
not to be able to be present myself, and have ordered
His Royal Highness Prince Frederick Leopold of
Prussia to represent me and receive you in my
FAREWELL TO BERLIN 183
A special train took us to Waunsee on the River
Havel, where we embarked on a pretty little steamer
for Potsdam. At Potsdam we were received by
Baron von Reischbach, Lord Chamberlain, who
escorted me to a handsome barouche; I found that
all our party were similarly accommodated in royal
carriages, with attendant footmen in royal liveries.
We had a pleasant drive through the royal borough.
Before proceeding to the New Palace, the Emperor's
residence, we halted at the Garrison Church at
Potsdam, where, in the name of the Corporation,
I deposited a wreath on the iron casket of Frederick
the Great, which rests on a plain stone vault behind
After seeing the rooms at the New Palace, and
admiring the park, we drove to the Sans Souci
Palace, where, in the orangery, we were received and
welcomed by His Royal Highness Prince Frederick
Leopold of Prussia on the Kaiser's behalf. We had
a splendid luncheon, and afterwards drove to the
mausoleum where the Emperor Frederick and His
Empress, our English Princess Royal, lie side by
side, and deposited wreaths bearing the names of our
Our hosts bade us formal farewell at a banquet
at the Hotel Kaiserhof, and we left the next morning
at 11.30 for home. I handed to the Chief Burgo-
master before I left the sum of 8,000 marks i.e.,
400 for the poor of Berlin. This is in accordance
with custom, and was made up as follows :
Lord Mayor . . . . . . ... . . . . 100
Sheriff Crosby 50
Sheriff Dunn 50
Subscribed by the other members and officers . . 200
1 84 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Saturday, 22nd June. We arrived early this morn-
ing, and I sent by telegram to the Chief Burgo-
master of Berlin the thanks and cordial good wishes
of our party.
I forgot to say that when I was on the platform
at Berlin ready to start I received from the Kaiser
by telegraph an invitation to go on board his yacht
at Kiel. I could not have accepted his invitation
even had I received it earlier, as I had been com-
manded by King Edward to a garden-party at
On my arrival at the Mansion House this morning
I received the following letter :
" 10, DOWNING STREET,
"June 2ist, '07.
" MY DEAR LORD MAYOR,
" As I see you have returned from your most
successful visit to Berlin, on which I congratulate
you, I hasten to say that it will give me great pleasure
if you will allow me to submit your name to the
King for the honour of a baronetcy. I know that
His Majesty, in common with all of us, has a high
appreciation of the admirable manner in which on
two occasions of a royal visit by a foreign sovereign
to the City, you have represented not only the great
community over whose affairs you so worthily
preside, but our countrymen at large.
" This is, of course, to be kept quite private for the
" Believe me, dear Sir William,
" Yours very sincerely,
" H. CAMPBELL-BANNERMAN."
THE PREMIER'S WELCOME 185
I, of course, at once replied to this very kind
letter in a suitable manner, and then went by motor-
car to Windsor.
I met the Premier at the garden-party, who asked
if I had received his letter. I answered Yes, and
said I had replied to it. I thanked him for the tone
of it, and he was good enough to express in even
warmer and more flattering terms his satisfaction
with my conduct in Berlin. I have reason to believe
that he mentioned the matter to an exalted person,
who was pleased, and laughed at the story.
I got back to London, and owing to a breakdown of
the car was only just in time to preside at the Seven-
teenth Readers' Dinner of the London Association
of Correctors of the Press. I had no time to dress
in fact, I drove straight to De Keyser's Hotel, where
the dinner was held, and the Mayoral Jewel was sent
to me there at the earnest solicitation of Mr. Sheriff
Dunn, who said that if I did not wear it he feared
that some evil-disposed persons might suggest that
I had pawned it in Berlin to pay my fare home.
Sunday, 23rd June. The Lady Mayoress had a
reception at the Mansion House, where we received
about 1,200 members of the National Sunday League,
Mr. R. M. Morrell, the founder of the League, handed
me a cheque for 160 for my Cripples' Fund, making
a total of 300 given by the League.
Monday, 24th June. Opened the Sessions at the
Central Criminal Court at 10. (Mr. Justice Darling;
This being Midsummer Day, I presided at a meet-
ing of the Liverymen of London, at 12, at Guildhall,
to elect two Sheriffs, who will take office on the
28th September next, and serve for twelve months
1 86 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
The candidates were Mr. Alderman Burnett, Mr.
Charles C. Wakefield, C.C., and Mr. T. B. Baptie,
J.P., a member of the Stock Exchange. The show
of hands was in favour of Burnett and Wakefield.
A poll was demanded for Baptie.
I paid a visit, with the Lady Mayoress and my
daughter, to the French Hospital, Victoria Park
Road, South Hackney. A short service was given
in French in the pretty little chapel, and afterwards
the children of the French Protestant School at
Westminster sang French songs. The Lady Mayoress
distributed the Fontanean gifts in money from a
legacy bequeathed many years ago, the recipients
were forty men and twenty women. We had after-
wards a pleasant luncheon, winding up with a loving-
cup and speeches.
Tuesday, 25th June. At n to Central Criminal
Court to receive the Judge, Mr. Justice Darling.
Drove to Beddington in the afternoon, with the
Lady Mayoress and Miss Treloar, and Sheriff Dunn
and Miss Dunn, to the Royal Female Orphan Asylum.
The Lady Mayoress distributed the prizes. Unfor-
tunately the weather was bad, and the rain made
it impossible to have any function in the garden, as
The orphan girls wore very pretty white caps.
It occurred to me it would greatly improve the
appearance of the Aldermen if their hats were white.
Attended a dinner of the Worshipful Company of
Poulterers at Frascati's Restaurant, the Master, Mr.
R. Pain Walkden, presiding.
Wednesday, 26th June. Attended in state at St.
Mary Aldermanbury Church a service at 12.30 in aid
of my Fund.
ELECTION OF SHERIFFS 187
Mr. and Mrs. Hanson, Dr. Jane Walker, and
others, to lunch.
Presided at the Mansion House at 4, at a meeting
held to inaugurate an educational health and food
campaign. Dr. Crichton-Browne discoursed on the
advantages of knowledge as to what was the best
and cheapest food. He said feeding was better than
education; he deplored the disuse of porridge, and
said patent sauces are now only second in popularity
to patent pills.
Dined with the Archbishop of Canterbury at
Lambeth Palace. Prayers in the chapel at 7.30.
Dinner at 8.
Thursday, 27th June. Lord O'Hagan called by
appointment at 12.
Court of Common Council at Guildhall at i .
Presided at a dinner at De Keyser's Hotel in aid
of Miller 's H ospital (Greenwich) . Sheriffs Sir Thomas
Crosby and Sir W. H. Dunn, Lord Dartmouth, and
many other distinguished guests present. 1,200
Attended reception of the Chairman of the London
County Council, Mr. H. Percy Harris, at the Grafton
Friday, 28th June. Declaration of poll for Sheriffs
at ii. Burnett and Wakefield were elected.
Presentation of the Freedom to Lord Lister at
Guildhall, 11.30. There was a very large and influ-
ential gathering, including the Presidents of the
Royal Colleges of Surgeons and of Physicians, and
the leading medical men of London, and representa-
tives of every hospital.
Presided at the commencement of an important
meeting at the Mansion House in connection with the
1 88 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
National Institution of Apprenticeship. Lord Ave-
bury moved the resolution, and presided after I left
Presided at distribution of prizes by the Lady
Mayoress at the Wanstead Orphan Asylum at 3.
Dined in full dress with the Home Secretary, the
Rt. Hon. Herbert Gladstone, at the Grafton Galleries.
Afterwards attended a reception at the Foreign
Office. Received congratulations from Cabinet
Ministers and many prominent men on the success
of my visit to Berlin; in fact, I was patted on the
back by one or two bold spirits.
Saturday, 29th June. Drove to Purley with the
Lady Mayoress. Prize day of the Warehousemen
and Clerks ' School . SirWilliam Dunn was present ; and
after lunch we robed for the benefit of the children, and
prizes and speeches filled up the time until we left.
Attended at Lambeth Palace the Archbishop of
I had my brother Savages to dinner at the Mansion
House, and a very pleasant and jovial evening we
had. Mark Twain was there, and amused us with
a humorous speech. Charles Santley charmed us
by singing " Simon the Cellarer "; the Norwegian
Minister^ Dr. Fridtjof Nansen, told us stories about
Norway and the Vikings; Edward Terry, Franklin
Clive, Mostyn Pigott, and many other Savages of
light and leading, " did their bit." My old friend
and schoolfellow Lord Alverstone, Lord Chief Justice
of England, proposed my health. There were 229
guests, and the evening was one that will be memor-
able in the annals of the Savage Club and of the
THE ART GALLERY 189
Sunday, 30th June. Went with the Lady Mayoress
in state to St. Pancras Parish Church at 1 1 ; offertory
for my Fund.
We afterwards lunched with Sir Thomas and Miss
Crosby at 19, Gordon Square.
Monday, 1st July. Received a deputation from
St. Anne's Society, Mansion House, 10.45.
Attended in state to meet Princess Christian at
the opening of the City of London Lying-in-Hospital,
City Road, at 3.
Went in state to Kennington Oval to witness a
cricket match between " Jockeys " and " Athletes "
in aid of my Fund.
Attended Dominion Day dinner given by Lord
Strathcona at Hotel Cecil.
Tuesday, 2nd July. Dr. Jane Walker, Dr. Chalmers
Mitchell, and others, to lunch.
Went to a Stepney bazaar, held at People's Palace,
to meet the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, 3.
Attended Bishop of London's meeting at Mansion
House in aid of the Bishop of London's Fund, 4.30.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Fanmakers
at De Keyser's Hotel; the Master, Sir Homewood
Crawford, City Solicitor, presiding.
Wednesday, 3rd July. Attended meeting of the
Patriotic Fund Committee, 17, Waterloo Place, 1 1.30.
Received a command from Queen Alexandra to
attend at the Art Gallery, Guildhall, at 3. Her
Majesty paid a private visit to see the Danish Loan
Exhibition of pictures there. She was accompanied
by Princess Victoria, and attended by Lady Suffield,
the Hon. Charlotte Knollys, Lord Howe, and the
Hon. Sidney Greville. Although the visit was quite
private and informal, by the Queen's wish the public
A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
was not restricted. Mr. A. G. Temple, Art Director,
accompanied me, and Her Majesty spent an hour
in looking at the pictures, many of which were well
known to her. The royal party took tea in the
Director's room, and I was graciously invited to
join the party. Her Majesty expressed the great
pleasure she had derived from seeing so interesting
The annual banquet to the Archbishops and Bishops
took place at the Mansion House, at which was a
very representative attendance. The Archbishop of
Canterbury responded to the toast of the health
of the Archbishop and Bishops, and the Bishop of
London proposed the toast of the Lord Mayor and
Lady Mayoress. 292 guests.
Thursday, 4th July. Received a deputation from
the Ward of Billingsgate re Cripples' Fund, 1 1 .
Presided at the Mansion House at a meeting of
the Hospital Sunday Fund Distribution Committee.
Attended in state carriage a garden-party at Bute
House, Hammersmith, given by the Mayor (Mr.
E. C. Rawlings) in aid of my Fund. Sir William
Bull, M.P., Mr. Jocelyn Brandon, and Mr. Edward
Collins were present.
Friday, 5th July. Meeting of Privileges Committee
of the Court of Aldermen, Guildhall, i .
Went to the Hippodrome to a matinee in aid of
my Fund, 3.30.
The annual dinner to the Chancellor of the Ex-
chequer and the Bankers and Merchants of the City
of London was held at Mansion House. Mr. Asquith
responded to the toast of " Continued Prosperity to
the Public Purse, and the health of the Chancellor
of the Exchequer," given by me. The Governor of
DINNER TO BANKERS 191
the Bank of England responded for " the Merchants
and Bankers," which I proposed; and Lord Avebury
proposed " the Lord Mayor and the Lady Mayoress,"
to which I responded. 252 guests.
Went afterwards to Lady Portsmouth's At Home,
1 6, Mansfield Street.
Saturday, 6th July. 120 Canadian educationalists
were shown over the Mansion House, 1 1 .30.
A party of the Boys' Brigade was shown over the
Mansion House, 3.45.
Went to Okehampton, accompanied by Sir W. H.
Dunn, where we arrived at 6 o'clock, and were
received by General Holley, who was to be our host
during our visit, the Mayor (Mr. W. B. German),
and Mr. Sydney Simmons. One or two speeches
were made at the station, and General Holley took
us in his car to Oaklands. Here, in his lovely park,
his tenantry and workpeople were assembled to do
us honour. A dinner-party was given to welcome
us by the General this evening, Mr. and Mrs. Sydney
Simmons being present. The object of my visit is
to open a park which Mr. Simmons is giving to
Okehampton, his native town.
Sunday, 7th July. We attended this morning the
parish church, where a sermon was preached by the
Bishop of Exeter from the text Micah i. 6 and iv. 2.
Monday, 8th July. W 7 e went in full state to the
Town Hall at 1 1 .30, when Mr. Sydney Simmons and
I received the Hon. Freedom of the town. The
Mayor made the presentations in a very nice speech,
and we both suitably responded. The scrolls were
enclosed in silver-gilt caskets, bearing the Arms
of the Borough, and the words " Incorporated
Edward I., A.D. 1272."
1 9 a A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Luncheon in the Market Square, the Bishop of
Exeter, General Holley, and the Mayors of Torquay,
Honiton, Great Torrington, Tiverton, Dartmouth,
South Molton, Bideford, Barnstaple, Exeter, and
Andover, wearing their chains of office, being present.
After luncheon to the New Park, where a spacious
stand had been erected. Here the proceedings began
with a short service conducted by the Rev. A. Linzea
Giles; the hymns " Praise God from whom all bless-
ings flow " and " Now thank we all our God " were
sung, and then I declared the park open, at the
request of Mr. Simmons, who handed the deeds to
the Mayor and a silver key to me.
Then we attended an At Home of the Mayoress
(Mrs. German). Some tree-planting had to be
abandoned, or rather postponed, on account of the
Tuesday, 9th July. Left Okehampton by the 9.35
At 3 I went in state, with the Lady Mayoress and
the Sheriffs, to distribute the prizes at the Freemen's
Orphan School at Brixton. Received by the Chair-
man, Mr. Charles Johnston, and Mrs. Johnston. A
garden-party, tea, and sports followed.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Gardeners
at Fishmongers' Hall, Sir Thomas Dewar, the Master,
Wednesday, 10th July. Attended Butcher's garden-
party at Walham Green, at 3.30, with Sir William
Afterwards to the Archbishop of Canterbury's
garden-party, Lambeth Palace.
Presided at a banquet of members of the Anglo-
French Association, L 'Entente Cordiale, at the
FLOWERS IN EAST LONDON 193
Trocadero. The Lady Mayoress and the Sheriffs
were present; also Lord Fitzmaurice, the Greek
Minister, the Marquis de la Begassiere, the Mayor of
Calais, and many others.
Thursday, llth July. Committee of the whole Court,
Court of Common Council, at i .
Meeting, Mrs. Close's Emigration Scheme, Mansion
Opened in state the i4th Summer Flower Show
in connection with the People's Palace and East
London Horticultural Society. The King and Mr.
Leopold de Rothschild lent choice flowering plants.
The Lady Mayoress was present. The Hon. Harry
Lawson welcomed us to the Exhibition.
Friday, 12th July. Meeting at Mansion House at
2.30, Distribution Committee of the Hospital Sunday
Dined with the Mayor of Marylebone, Sir Thomas
Brooke-Hitching, at the Wharncliffe Rooms of the
Hotel Great Central. About 120 guests, including
the Rev. H. Russell Wakefield, Prebendary Barker,
Archdeacon Sinclair, Sir Albert de Rutzen, Sir John
Cockburn, Sir Thomas Pink and Mr. A. C. Plowden.
The Mayor made a presentation on behalf of the
members of the Council to the late Mayor (Mr. W.
Saturday, 13th July. Left Liverpool Street, with
the Sheriffs, at 10.40 for Bury St. Edmunds, to see
the pageant there, which has been prepared and
organised by Mr. Louis N. Parker; to lunch with the
Mayor (Mr. Owen A. Clark), and to receive the Hon.
Freedom of the ancient and historic borough. There
was a large and representative gathering, including
194 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Sir Ernest Clarke, Captain Harvey, R.N., M.P., Mr.
G. A. Hardy, M.P., the Lord Mayor of York, the
Mayors of King's Lynn, Beccles, Eye, Peterborough,
Chelmsford, Wisbech, Thetford, Ipswich, Cambridge,
Colchester, Aldeburgh, Maldon, Southwold, Norwich,
Yarmouth, Sudbury, and Saffron Walden, and many
The Freedom was conferred upon me before lunch.
The motto of this ancient borough is, " The shrine
of the King, and the cradle of the Law." After
luncheon the Mayor, in proposing my health, said
I had been to " Berlin on the Spree, and now came
to Bury on the Lark."
Monday, 15th July. Miss Olga Nethersole called
by appointment at 1 1 . She rode with me in the
state coach to St. George's Circus, Blackfriars Road,
where I inaugurated a new clock tower, presented
by Mr. W. B. Faulkner and Mr. F. Faulkner to the
Borough of Southwark.
The opening ceremony took place in the presence
of a large company, including the Bishop of South-
wark, the Mayor of Southwark, and the Rt. Hon.
R. K. Causton, M.P. We first assembled in the
Passmore Edwards Library. The tower was originally
erected to the memory of Lord Mayor Brass Crosby,
who had been imprisoned in the Tower with Alder-
man Oliver for his action with Alderman John Wilkes
in defending the freedom of the Press. Amongst the
plate at the Mansion House is a cup called the
" Crosby " Cup, commemorating his action, which
was presented to him by the Corporation and given
by him to the City.
Presided in Mansion House saloon at the annual
meeting of the British Empire League. Amongst
BRITISH EMPIRE LEAGUE 195
those present were Lord Selby, Lord Knutsford, Lord
Avebury, Lord Blyth, Admiral Sir E. R. Freemantle,
Mr. C. H. Rason (Agent-General for Western Aus-
tralia), Sir John Tweedy, Sir Rivers Wilson. Lord
Derby moved the adoption of the report, which Lord
Attended, with the Lady Mayoress, the annual
sports at Herne Hill in aid of the Billingsgate Hospital
and Fishmongers' and Poulterers' Institution.
Tuesday, 16th July. Meeting of City Imperial
Volunteers Trustees, Mansion House, at 12.30.
Court of Aldermen, Guildhall, 12.50.
Mr. Toft, a brother Savage and a good sculptor,
to lunch, 1.30.
Visited, with the Lady Mayoress and Sir W. H.
Dunn, the Stepney and Bow Foundation School, to
distribute prizes. Mr. Henry Cushen, Vice-Chairman
of the Governors, presided. There are i ,000 scholars.
The school was founded in 1538.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Coach
and Coach Harness Makers at De Keyser's Hotel, the
Master, Captain Chancellor, presiding. The motto
of this Company is, " Surgit post nubila Phoebus."
Wednesday, 17th July. Opened at Werndee Hall,
South Norwood, a Wesleyan Church Fete and Bazaar
in aid of my Fund. The grounds were lent by Mr.
and Mrs. Sydney Smith. The Lady Mayoress, Sir
William and Miss Dunn, accompanied me.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Cooks
at Mercers' Hall, the Master, Mr. H. Volckman,
Afterwards attended the First Lord of the Ad-
miralty's (Lord Tweedmouth) reception at the
1 96 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Thursday, 18th July. Opened the Empire Educa-
tion Fund Exhibition at the Horticultural Hall at
Westminster, at 1 1 .
Left St. Pancras for St. Albans at 12.15, with the
Lady Mayoress and the Sheriffs and their daughters.
We were received at the railway-station by the
Mayor of St. Albans (Mr. Worssam) and the Town
Clerk (Mr. Debenham). Our state carriage had been
sent on by the 8 o'clock train. We were in full
state, with sword and mace. Luncheon was served
in the Town Hall. Amongst others present were
the Earl of Clarendon, Lord-Lieutenant of Herts,
Lad}'- Edith Villiers, the Marquis and Marchioness
of Salisbury, Sir John and Lady Evans, the Bishop of
Colchester, Mr. N. Micklem, M.P., and Mrs. Micklem,
Mr. H. Carlile, M.P., and Mrs. Carlile, and the
Mayors and Chairmen from the towns in the district.
After witnessing the very magnificent pageant we
left for town by the 6 o'clock train.
Friday, 19th July. I visited with the Lady
Mayoress and the Sheriffs the Central London Dis-
trict Schools at Hanwell, and the Lady Mayoress
distributed the prizes.
Went, as commanded, with the Lady Mayoress to
a State Ball at Buckingham Palace.
Saturday, 20th July. Went with the Lady Mayoress
to Broadstairs to Founders' Day of the Yarrow
Home, and to be the guest until Monday of my dear
friend Sir Alfred Yarrow, Bart. He is exactly the
same age as I am, both of us having been born on
the 1 3th of January, 1843.
Monday, 22nd July. Opened the Sessions at
Central Criminal Court at 10. (Mr. Justice Darling;
EXTENSION AT " BART'S." 197
Visited a small children's hospital at Winifred
House, Wray Crescent, Tollington Park, at 3.30, at
the request of Mrs. Mills.
Tuesday, 23rd July. Received the Judge (Mr.
Justice Darling) at Central Criminal Court at 1 1 .
Meeting of the Empire Education Trustees at the
Mansion House at i .
Sir Albert Rollit, Madame Take Jonescu, and
others, to lunch, 1.30.
Opening of the new"" out-patients' block at St.
Bartholomew's Hospital by T.R.H. the Prince and
Princess of Wales at 3.30. Attended in state, with
the Sheriffs. The Princess was elected a Governor
of the hospital.
Wednesday, 24th July. Received at the Mansion
House about 400 members of the Auctioneers'
Entertained to luncheon at Guildhall by the
members of the deputation who went with me to
Berlin; Mr. Deputy Turner presided. The German
Ambassador was present, who announced that the
Kaiser had been graciously pleased to confer upon
me the Star and Second Class of his Order of the
Red Eagle, and on the Sheriffs the Second Class of
his Order of the Crown.
After luncheon, I motored with Sir W. H. Dunn
to Burnham-on-Crouch to a flower show, and to see
my dear old friend Deputy William Rome, who was
on his death-bed.
Thursday, 25th July. Lord Monkswell called, by
appointment, at 10.30.
Chevalier Cernigleare Melliti called, by appoint-
ment, at 1 1 .
Committee of the whole Court, 12.30.
198 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Court of Common Council at i .
Friday, 26th July. Distributed prizes at the
annual meeting of the City of London School. The
Lady Mayoress and Sheriffs were present. Mr. W.
Bull, the late Chairman, presided, in the absence
through illness of the Chairman, Mr. E. H. Lamb,
Meeting of the City School Boys' Shooting Club at
the Mansion House at 4. Earl Roberts present. A
great little man, whose example is an inspiration to
Visited a factory for the employment of cripples
at 77, East Road, Hoxton.
Saturday, 27th July. Went to Alton by motor
with the Lady Mayoress at 9.30.
A party of the Gresham College Students' Associa-
tion visited the Mansion House at 4.30.
Monday, 29th July. Left Victoria Station, with
Sir W. Dunn, at 10.40 for merry Margate. Our visit
is in celebration of the Jubilee celebrations of the
Borough. We lunched with the Mayor (Mr. J. J.
Hermitage) at Dane Park, where the Bishop of Dover,
the Vicar of Margate, the Mayor of Ramsgate, and
Lord George Sanger, circus proprietor and showman,
were some of the guests. I started a new fountain
erected in the park. Collections in the town were
made for my Fund.
Tuesday, 30th July. Left London, from King's
Cross at 1 1.25, for a long holiday at Harrogate away
from functions and footmen.
I wanted a holiday, and I was especially anxious
about the health of my wife. I was tortured by the
idea that perhaps if I had not taken office it would
have been better for her; but yet she was so pleased
AT H ARROGATE 199
at the success of my Cripples' Fund, and took so much
interest in every detail of my plans and my work,
that I hoped she was perhaps more benefited than
injured by the excitement of it all.
Sir James Ritchie, Bart., had agreed to be my
locum tenens at the Mansion House, and I was there-
fore comparatively free from all Mansion House work.
We stayed at the Queen Hotel, and had pretty good
weather. I went up to London only once to preside
at the Aldermanic Election of Castle Baynard Ward .
Tuesday, 27th August. Came to London to preside
at a Wardmote for Castle Baynard Ward for the
purpose of electing an Alderman to succeed the late
Sir David Evans. Sir Thomas Vansittart Bowater,
Sir William Henry Dunn, and Mr. Henry O'Brien
The show of hands was in favour of Sir T. V.
Bowater, and a poll was demanded and ordered
for to-morrow, the result of which was: Bowater,
152 votes; O'Brien, 77 votes; Dunn, 37. I, therefore,
declared Sir T. V. Bowater duly elected.
The Gramophone Company sent two gentlemen to
Harrogate to take a record of a speech which was
delivered at the concert given by that Company at
the Albert Hall. Beyond this I did nothing. I was
greatly amused by an American gentleman at the
Pump-Room one morning rushing up to me and grip-
ping my hand. " You don't know me, and I never
saw you before; but I'm told you are the Lord
Mayor, and I should like to shake hands with
I have another story to tell. I consulted a medical
man at Harrogate, who, after carefully examining me,
threw up his hands in horror, and said: " Oh, my
200 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Lord Mayor ! but there, of course, the life you have
been leading is accountable for your serious condition
too much food, rich food, and little or no exercise.
Oh dear ! the fact of it is, your stomach is quite six
inches lower than it ought to be. You see, the
stomach is held up by muscles, just, for instance, as
stays are supported by whalebones, and if the muscles
which hold up the stomach become flabby and useless,
so we have this condition. You must take exercise
in the open air; take very little food, and live quite
plainly and moderately, and you must have a course
of vibratory massage in accordance with this pre-
scription. Go to So-and-so with it, and he will know
what to do, and come and see me again."
Off I went to have the vibratory massage. I found
this operation consisted in the rubbing of an iron ball
with spikes in it, charged with electricity, over my
stomach. I had about twenty minutes of it, and
when I was dressed and ready to go, I said: " How
much have I to pay ?"
" Oh," said the operator, " you can pay at the end
of the course."
I said : " This is the end of the course."
"No," he said; " you must have three weeks
according to the prescription."
I insisted, however, and paid 75. 6d. Before leaving
Harrogate I had another interview with the medical
man, who after a careful examination, said : " See the
effect of vibratory massage. Your stomach is quite
I have great faith in the Harrogate sulphur water,
but none in vibratory massage for my stomach.
Tuesday, 17th September. Wilson's Trust Com-
FOUR LORD MAYORS 201
Court of Aldermen, i, when the new Alderman,
Sir Vansittart Bowater, was admitted.
Sir Whittaker Ellis moved: " The members of this
Court, with sincere pleasure, desire to express to
Sir Andrew and Lady Lusk their hearty congratula-
tions upon the approaching ninety-seventh anniver-
sary of Sir Andrew's birthday, and an expression of
their hope that he may continue to enjoy the health
and happiness so long vouchsafed to him."
Sir Andrew Lusk was Lord Mayor in the year 1873.
Entertained at the Mansion House the members of
the Court of Aldermen and their ladies, the high
officers and their ladies, and others, to meet the newly
elected Alderman Sir Vansittart Bowater and Lady
Bowater. 60 guests.
Wednesday, 18th September. At 9 o'clock this
morning I entertained to breakfast at the Mansion
House the Lord Mayor of Cardiff (Sir William Cross-
man), the Lord Mayor of Bristol (Mr. T. A. Smith),
and the Lord Mayor of Leeds (Mr. J. Hepworth), and
after breakfast we four Lord Mayors went in state in
my carriage to the meeting at Wesley's Chapel in
the City Road. The Sheriffs also attended. This
meeting was a conference of the United Methodist
Church, and my guests at breakfast were members of
one or other branch of the Methodist Church. Mr.
Edward Borden, the President of the Conference, was
in the Chair, and he very graciously gave me the
position for the short time I was with them. I was
asked to address the Conference. I venture to give
a newspaper extract of my response.
" Sir William Treloar said the platform was full of
Lord Mayors and Mayors some people might call
it a ' Mayor's nest.' He had that morning entertained
202 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
three Lord Mayors to breakfast, and in his state
coach four of us Lord Mayors had been carried from
the Mansion House to that building. Fortunately,
he was soon leaving office, so that it would not affect
him whatever the result on the coachman might be.
' Some time ago,' he continued, 'I was in Cornwall,
and met a very entertaining man, who was a Methodist
at any rate, I know he was a livery-stable keeper.
As he drove my wife and me about the Lizard he used
to tell us all sorts of stories, stopping the carriage for
the purpose. In this way he amused us and rested
his horses; he was over eighty, and I was interested
to know how it was he looked so well. He gave me
his recipe: ' No smoke; no whisky; plenty of good
society; plenty of fresh air; and last, but not least,
never cross a bridge till you come to it.' 'Well,' said
the Lord Mayor, ' I don't smoke ; I don't drink whisky ;
I am now in very pleasant society ; I have been getting
at Harrogate plenty of fresh air; and to-day I am
adopting the last part of the advice I have not pre-
pared a speech. '
The President referred to my Cornish story, and
added that the gentleman to whom I had referred in
my speech was his brother-in-law. Confirmation
strong as Holy Writ.
After the meeting I entertained to luncheon at the
Mansion House the Lord Mayors of Cardiff, Leeds,
and Bristol, and the Mayors of Harrogate, Chatham,
Appleby, Bury, Southport, Torrington, St. Ives,
Woodstock, and Keighley, the Sheriffs of Norwich,
Mr. Alderman Shape (Liverpool), and others who are
in London in connection with the Methodist Con-
The Lady Mayoress and I dined with our friends
CHRIST'S HOSPITAL 203
Mr. and Mrs. J. Hall Richardson, 48, Thurlow Park
Road, West Dulwich.
Thursday, 19th September. Committee of the whole
Court of Common Council at i .
Distributed prizes at St. Bride's Institute. Mr.
C. J. Drummond, Chairman of Governors, presided;
and Sir William Dunn and the Rev. P. Clementi-
Smith were present.
Friday, 20th September. Presided at a meeting
or conference on town planning and housing, held at
Letchworth Garden City, our subject being the
Housing Lessons of the Garden City. Dr. Macna-
mara, M.P., the Parliamentary Secretary of the Local
Government Board, representatives from the London
County Council, the City Corporation, twenty-four
Metropolitan boroughs and eighteen provincial cor-
porations were present.
Saturday, 21st September. St. Matthew's Day.
In accordance with ancient custom, the Lord Mayor,
Sheriffs, and Aldermen, and the Governors of the
five Royal Hospitals Christ's, St. Bartholomew's,
Bridewell, Bethlehem, and St. Thomas's ought to
go in state to Divine Service at Christ Church,
Newgate Street. The boys of Christ's Hospital,
Horsham, and the girls from Hertford attend.
I returned after service to the Mansion House,
where I gave the boys new coins to 24 Grecians, a
guinea each; to 7 probationers, half-a-guinea ; 40
monitors, half-a-crown ; and 619 others, one shilling.
The boys and girls were entertained to tea by the
Lady Mayoress, and afterwards returned home.
Sunday, 22nd September. Went in state at 3.30
to Christ Church, Westminster Bridge Road, the
204 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
P.S.A. (Pleasant Sunday Afternoon) Brotherhood,
and delivered an address to a large congregation of
working people. Made a collection for my Fund.
Monday, 23rd September. Mr. and Mrs. Kendal,
Mr. and Mrs. Pilcher, Sir W. H. Dunn and Miss Dunn,
Mr. Toft and Mr. Franks, and others, to lunch
Tuesday, 24th September. Left Cannon Street
Station, at 3.45, with Sir William Dunn, for
St. Leonards and Hastings, to lay the foundation-
stone of a new wing for children's wards at the
Buchanan Hospital there at 6. Two footmen in state
livery for me, and another one for the Sheriffs. After-
wards we attended at the West Country Association
dinner at the Queen's Hotel, Hastings.
We were received by the Mayor (Major S. T.
Weston) and Mr. Harvey Du Cros, M.P. A cheque
for 200 was handed to me for my Fund.
We were put up by Mr. Harvey Du Cros at his
pretty house, and were royally entertained by him
and Mrs. Du Cros.
Wednesday, 25th September. Left Hastings at 10.18,
arriving at 1.31 .
At 3 attended in state an entertainment at Prince's
Theatre, Poplar, in aid of my Fund.
Went to the Lyceum Theatre to see a performance
of The Christian.
Thursday, 26th September. Opened a grand fete
at Fulham Town Hall in aid of my Fund.
Dined with the Education Committee at Guildhall,
Mr. W. H. Key, Chairman, presiding.
During the evening a presentation of plate was made
by the members of the Committee to Mr. Key in
appreciation of his work during the past year.
ALMSHOUSES AT LEICESTER 205
Friday, 27th September. Went to Heckford Street
Council School, Shadwell, at 3.30, to unveil Mrs.
Went to the Chapter House, St. Paul's at about 5,
to meet Mr. Graham of the Geological Society.
Presided at the Hale Club dinner at Holborn Restau-
rant. This club was formerly called the City of
London Freemen's Club, founded by Mr. Alderman
Hale, in 1854.
Afterwards went to the Odeon Concert at the Town
Hall, Old Street.
Saturday, 28th September. The new Sheriffs,
Mr. Alderman Burnett and Mr. C. C. Wakefield, were
admitted to office at Guildhall at 10 o'clock, I and the
two out-going Sheriffs, Alderman Sir Thomas Crosby
and Sir W. H. Dunn, attended in state. After the
ceremony the new Sheriffs gave a luncheon to their
friends and supporters at Grocers' Hall. I was not
present. (I regret that this good old custom has been
At 1 1 o'clock I attended in state service at
St. Lawrence Jewry, and afterwards presided at
Common Hall for the election of my successor. Alder-
man Sir John Bell was chosen.
I gave a dinner at the Mansion House to the Alder-
men and the high officers, with their ladies, to meet
the Lord Mayor Elect and Lady Bell. 77 guests.
Monday, 30th September. Left St. Pancras Station
at 10 a.m., with the new Sheriffs, for Leicester, where
I am to lay the foundation-stone of the almshouses
to be erected by the Framework Knitters Company.
Our horses and carriages and suite went earlier, and
met us at Leicester Station, so that we might drive
jn state through the town.
206 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
The Master of the Framework Knitters, Mr. J. A.
Corah, J.P., met us at the station, and we proceeded
to the Town Hall. The Mayor (Sir Edward Wood)
and the Town Clerk (Mr. E. V. Hiley) received us at
the Town Hall . Here was a large gathering, including
the Mayors of Derby and Nottingham, Mr. James Bell
(Town Clerk of London), Mr. Tudor Walters, Sir
Herbert Marshall, and Sir Samuel Fay. Speeches of
welcome and their acknowledgment having been got
through, we went in full state to Oadby. The Mayor,
the Warden of the Company, the Sheriffs, and I were
conducted to the platform by the Vicar of Oadby,
the Rev. J. Raine. After the ceremony and its
attendant speeches we drove to the Municipal buildings
at Leicester to luncheon, at which Sir Edward Wood
presided. After luncheon the Sheriffs went back to
London, as did the coaches and officers; whilst I went
to a garden-party at Middlemead, the residence of my
host and hostess (Mr. and Mrs. Brice), where the
Lady Mayoress and I spent the night. The Leicester
Guild of Cripples were present at the garden-party.
Mrs. Brice gave a dinner-party in our honour, where
I had the pleasure of meeting my friend Mr. G. Hodges,
and of talking to him of my dear friend the late
John M. Cook, who was a native of Leicester, and
Mr. Hodges' brother-in-law. I had been thinking
all day of John Cook.
Tuesday, 1st October. Mr. Harold Owen and
others to lunch.
Presided at a crowded meeting of citizens at Guild-
hall, at 3, in support of a scheme for preserving
Wednesday, 2nd October. Opened the new Garden
Suburb at 12 in state. The Sheriffs, Lord Chichester,
THE GERMAN OFFICERS' CLUB 207
Mr. Vivian, M.P., Mr. Nield, M.P., the Rev. Canon
Barnett, and many others, were present. We planted
trees and made speeches. I was presented with a
silver key, and opened with it the first cottage. I
think the movement will be a great success.
Gave a luncheon-party at 2 at the Mansion House
to a large party, and afterwards opened the new wing
of the City Guilds Technical College at Leonard Street,
Finsbury, at 3.30. Amongst the guests and those
present were Lord Halsbury, Mr. A. F. Yarrow,
Mr. R. C. Palmer, Mr. L. B. Sebastian, the Sheriffs,
Mr. C. A. Hanson, the Mayor of Winnipeg, Professor
Sylvanus Thompson, Sir A. Kennedy, Sir John
Wolfe Barry, Sir Edward Clarke, K.C., and Sir
Walter Prideaux, Clerk of the Goldsmiths' Company.
Dined at the German Officers' Club at Oddenino's
in Regent Street . Baron Campbell Laurentz presided,
and the guests included the Earl of Kilmorey,
Prince Stolberg Wernigerode, Baron von Newrath, Sir
William Dunn, and Colonel Ker-Fox. The Chairman
proposed my health, and in the course of his speech
he said: "Almost every German of good family con-
sidered it his duty to visit foreign countries. A year
in France and a year in England was indispensable;
that meant to London an influx of from fifty to eighty
German officers, who came over to learn, principally
in the great banking institutions and other large or
small firms. Thus it happened that he could intro-
duce the Lord Mayor that night to the flower of
Germany's youth, sent every year to London, the
greatest commercial centre of the world, to kneel and
learn, and then to return home, and hand down to
coming generations the lessons learnt in London."
One of the officers, who was in business here as a
2o8 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
wine-merchant, told me that he had been for some
five or six years living at Burnham-on-Crouch, where
he kept a small yacht, and that he believed he knew
our coast and its many inlets round about the Nore
better than most of our pilots did.
Thursday, 3rd October. Court of Common Council
at i . Mr. Matthew Wallace moved, and Mr. Pannell
seconded, a reference to Finance Committee, which
was carried unanimously, to consider and report as to
giving me a further grant for my Fund.
Attended Ladies' Committee Cripples' Fund at 4.
Dined with the Lodge of Verity at Imperial Res-
taurant, Mr. Richard Davies, C.C., Master.
Friday, 4th October. Went to Alton by motor at 9.
Saturday, 5th October. Mr. and Mrs. Ganthony,
Mr. Nevell, and others, to lunch.
Presided at the annual dinner of the Dickens
Fellowship at the Holborn Restaurant. Mr. Percy
Fitzgerald made a very appreciative speech on
I remember in my early married life I used to take
my wife whenever I could to hear the novelist give
a reading from one or other of his novels. Once when
he read, for the first time, the scene of Nancy's murder
by Bill Sikes, a gentleman rose in the stalls and
declaimed against Dickens for daring to read this
scene before ladies. He was hissed and turned out.
I was told afterwards that Dickens had himself
arranged for the protest to be made, having doubts
as to how the scene would be received.
I used in those days to read to my wife all Dickens'
novels in fact, I have read some of them to her more
than once. We had many a laugh and many a cry
over the books of Charles Dickens.
October. SOT ember, and December 1907.
PASSWORD FOR THE TOWER OF LONDON, 1907.
SIGNED BY THE KING.
210 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Sunday, 6th October. Received the President
(M. Andre Lefevre), the Syndic (M. Bellan, C.V.O.),
and some sixty members of the Paris Municipal
Monday, 7th October. Went with the French
Councillors for a trip on the Thames Conservancy
steamer, after they had paid a visit to Billingsgate
Market. Stopped to visit Deptford Market. Dis-
embarked at Woolwich, drove, via Blackwall Tunnel,
to De Keyser's, where all the party are our guests
during their stay.
Presided at Guildhall at a banquet to the Paris
Councillors, the French Ambassador proposing my
Tuesday, 8th October. To-day I went with our
Paris friends to visit the Tower Bridge and the
Tower of London. Mr. Deputy Algar, Chairman of
the Bridge House Estates Committee, chaperoned us
over and under the bridge and its mysteries. At the
postern gate at the foot of the bridge we were admitted
to the grounds of the Tower, Lieut .-General Sir Bryan
Milman, Major of the Tower and General Sir Hugh
Gough, V.C., Keeper of the Crown Jewels, received us,
and then in groups of twelve we were shown the sights.
We then drove to the Mansion House, where I gave
a luncheon to a very distinguished company, including
the French Ambassador and Lord Fitzmaurice.
Presided at a banquet to our Paris friends at De
Keyser's Hotel; afterwards we all went to the Palace
Wednesday, 9th October. W T ent with our friends
to visit the Central Criminal Court and the Central
FRUIT FOR THE HOSPITALS 211
Afterwards attended a luncheon given in honour
of the French visitors by Mr. Percy Harris, Chairman
of the London County Council, at the Gaiety Res-
To-night the French visitors dine with the French
Chamber of Commerce. Through the Syndic the
Paris Councillors presented me with 200 for my Fund.
Thursday, 10th October. I went in state to De
Keyser's at 9 a.m., to bid farewell to our French
guests, who left this morning.
A banquet at the Mansion House to the Worshipful
Company of Fruiterers and the General Purposes
Committee 250 guests amongst whom were Mr.
Alfred Bull, Master of the Fruiterers; Mr. W. H.
Pitman, Chairman of the General Purposes Commitee ;
Sir Trevor Lawrence, Bt., Sir Thomas Elliott, Sir
Edward Clarke, K.C., and Lord Blyth. Previous to
the dinner a presentation of fruit was made to me, in
accordance with ancient custom, by Mr. Alfred Bull.
The fruit, which I sent to hospitals, was very fine,
consisting of pineapples, grapes, melons, peaches,
nectarines, and apricots, all home-grown. 238
Friday, llth October. Visited the Dairy Show at
the Agricultural Hall at Islington, with my daughter,
and the Sheriffs and their wives.
Miss Treloar presented the prizes to the winners
in the butter-making competition.
Distributed prizes at the Mansion House to the City
School Boys' Shooting Club, of which Lord Roberts is
Chairman, at 4.30.
Attended a performance at the Balham Theatre,
accompanied by Mr. Sheriff Wakefield, in aid of my
2!2 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Saturday, 12th October. Went to Central Criminal
Court at 10.30 to meet the Judges to arrange and
settle dates for holding the Sessions for next year.
Sunday, 13th October. Attended church parade
of the Royal Fusilier Brigade at St. Paul's Cathedral,
with the Sheriffs. Afterwards appeared on the
balcony at the Mansion House to see the brigade
march past and take the salute.
Monday, 14th October. Attended in state (why
not in bathing costume ?) the Westminster Swimming
baths, to open the swimming competition of the pupils
in the Metropolitan Poor Law Schools, 2.45.
Presided at the Mansion House at a meeting in
support of the work of the men's committee of the
London Diocesan Council for Preventive Rescue and
Penitentiary Work. Mr. Percy Taylor, secretary of
the Council, stated that about a month ago he sent
out ninety letters to the clergy and others of the City
of London asking what they could do to assure the
success of the meeting. He did not get a single reply.
When he found such apathy on the part of the clergy,
it behoved someone, in the Name of God, to take up
the cudgels and do the work they were paid to do.
The Bishop of Stepney, in reply, said we must not
measure the keenness of the people, clergy or lay, by
their readiness to answer letters. He was sure that
all the clergy of London would do all they could, if
they had the chance, to help or strengthen any boy
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Framework
Knitters at Haberdashers' Hall. Mr. Robert Rowley,
of Leicester, the Master, presiding. He presented a
Past Master's Jewel or Badge to Mr. Deputy Baddeley,
the late Master of the Company.
1 THE HOUSE OF SUNNY HOURS " 213
Tuesday, 15th October. Opened a meeting at
Guildhall, at 10, of the Women's Industrial Council.
The Sheriffs accompanied me in state. Amongst
those present were Mrs. George Cadbury, the Hon.
Lily Montagu, and Mrs. Despard. One of the
speakers Mrs. Graves raised a storm of hisses by
saying that if they kept foreigners out of the country
they could find more work for English men and
women. It was the foreigners who reduced the
wages. She was an Englishwoman (hisses, and
cries of " Shame ").
Wilson's Committee at 12.45.
Court of Aldermen at i .
Distributed the prizes at Aske-Hatcham Girls'
School, New Cross, at 3.
Presided at the Market Clerks' Provident Society's
annual dinner at the Holborn Restaurant.
Wednesday, 16th October. Sir M. and Lady Allan,
Miss Cooper, and others, to lunch.
Paid a visit, with the Sheriffs, in state to the
Engineers and Machinery Exhibition at Olympia.
Miss Margaret Cooper sang a song, " The House of
Sunny Hours," in the cafe chantant there, which was
specially written in aid of my Fund. Miss Cooper
who has so greatly assisted my Fund, lunched with
me at the Mansion House, and rode with me in my
state coach to Olympia, which delighted her, and was
very pleasant to me.
The Lady Mayoress and I dined with Sir Joseph
and Lady Dimsdale at 29, Sussex Square.
Thursday, 17th October. Committee of the whole
Court at 12.30.
Court of Common Council at i .
Meeting of the Empire Education Trustees, Mansion
House, at 2.15.
214 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
The Gramophone Company gave a concert in aid
of my Fund at the Royal Albert Hall. They made no
charge for any of the boxes or seats ; applications for
tickets were to be made, and they would be supplied
without charge. A collection was made at the
concert, and the result was 500 to my Fund.
The concert was very good, and the whole affair
was admirably managed, and in every way most
satisfactory. One of the items was a speech of mine
made by gramophone, followed by a speech made by
The Gramophone Company have been very good
to me always, and I am very grateful.
Friday, 18th October. Attended a concert in aid
of my Fund at Queen's Hall, Langham Place, 3.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Painters
at their hall, the Master, Mr. W. Hayward Pitman,
Saturday, 19th October. A party of school-girls from
Bethnal Green were shown over the Mansion House.
The National Challenge Trophy and the Mackinnon
Cup were received by me to-day from Major Porter
and Lieut .-Colonel the Hon. T. F. Freemantle.
At the invitation of Colonel W. R. Smith I pre-
sented the Volunteer Ambulance Shield to the
2nd Volunteer Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, afterwards
entertaining the winning team at dinner. 56 guests.
I entertained at a soiree 500 members of the London
Cornish Association at the Mansion House. The Earl
and Countess of Mount Edgcumbe, Lord and Lady
Courtney, Sir E. Durning-Lawrence, and Sir William
Dunn, were present, and a pleasant evening was
spent. Lord Mount Edgcumbe proposed my health
in a very kindly speech.
THE MAYORALTY 4 . THE COMING IN.
"ROSES, ROSES ALL THE WAY."
From the "Punch" cartoon by John Leech.
To face p.
COLCHESTER OYSTER FEAST 215
Monday, 21st October. Opened Central Criminal
Court Sessions at 10. (Mr. Justice Lawrence;
Attended the Colchester Oyster Feast, where there
was a large party, including the Marquis of London-
derry, the Duke of Marlborough, Mr. A. J. Balfour,
the Marquis of Lansdowne, the Archbishop of Canter-
bury, Lord Alverstone, the Hon. Whitelaw Reid,
Admiral Sir John Fisher, Sir Oliver Lodge, Mr. Rud-
yard Kipling, Sir Edward Carson, Sir Edward Clarke,
and many others.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Paviors
at the Great Eastern Hotel, Mr. Griffiths, Past
Tuesday, 22nd October. Received the Judge, Mr.
JusticeA.T. Lawrence, at Central Criminal Court at 1 1 .
Meeting of Committee of Hungarian Exhibition
at Mansion House at 12.
Meeting of Royal Society for Assistance of Dis-
charged Prisoners at 3 .
Attended performance at Hengler's Circus in aid
of my Fund at 3.45.
Presided at the annual dinner of the Newspapers
Benevolent and Provident Institution at De Keyser's
Hotel. Among the company present were Sir Charles
W. Dilke, M.P., Sir Clifton and Lady Robinson,
Sir Clarence Smith, Miss Marie Corelli, Mr. Lewis
Coward, Sir Edward and Lady Letchworth, Mr.
Frank Lloyd, Mr. Horace Cox, Mr. and Mrs. A. F.
Waller, Mr. Alderman and Sheriff Burnett, Mr. Sheriff
and Mrs. Wakefield. i ,650 was subscribed.
Wednesday, 23rd October. Presided at Mansion
House at a meeting of the Advisory Committee of
the proposed Hungarian Exhibition at 1 1 .30.
216 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Members of the General Purposes Committee to
lunch, i .30.
Meeting in Egyptian Hall of the Committee for
Church Extension in Plymouth and Devonport, at
4 o'clock. The Archbishop of Canterbury and Bishop
of Exeter present.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Wheel-
wrights at Armourers' and Brasiers' Hall; the Master,
Mr. G. E. Cochrane, presiding.
Went afterwards to the E.C. Postal District Tele-
graph Messenger Institute, 8.30.
Then to St. Bride's Institute conversazione and
Thursday, 24th October. Opened a bazaar, St.
Pancras Church (Lancing Street) School, at 3 o'clock.
Attended in state a matine'e performance at Chelsea
Palace, given by Mr. Henry Gros in aid of my Fund.
Attended dinner of the Accounts Committee given
in the old Council Chamber at Guildhall, Mr. W. Bull,
Chairman, presiding, and made a presentation to Mr.
Heilbuth, late Chairman.
Went afterwards to the Trocadero to make a
speech at the dinner of Mr. William B. Trick, Mayor
of Stoke Newington.
Friday, 25th October. Opened a conference meet-
ing at Guildhall on town planning, at 1 1 o'clock.
Eight Servians to lunch, i .30.
Presided at the opening by Prince Arthur of Con-
naught of a miniature rifle range at Lavington Street,
Southwark, at 3 o'clock.
As is usual, I gave a ball at the Mansion House to
all the Lord Mayors, Mayors, Lord Provosts, and Pro-
vosts of the kingdom who, like myself, have come to
the end of their tether i.e., are going out of office
BALL TO THE MAYORS 217
in November. There were 959 guests, among whom
were 219 English Mayors, 2 Irish Mayors, n Scotch
Provosts, and 49 Town Clerks, and their ladies.
Amongst them were the Lord Mayors of York,
Bristol, Leeds, Newcastle, Sheffield, and Dublin; the
Lord Provost of Dundee, the Master Cutler of Shef-
field, the Chairman of the London County Council;
and, as all the gentlemen wore full dress or uniform
and their chains of office, the scene was a brilliant one.
Dancing to the music of the string band of the Cold-
stream Guards commenced at 9 o'clock. Supper was
served in the old ballroom upstairs.
Saturday, 26th October. A party of forty or fifty
from Bow Band of Hope to be shown over the Mansion
House in the afternoon.
Distribution of prizes to students of the Guildhall
School of Music at the Mansion House, at 3 o'clock.
Attended Alexandra Palace Lodge (1,541) for the
Installation by Sir Edward Letchworth of Mr. S.
Kutnow, Trocadero Restaurant.
Sunday, 27th October. Attended service at Primi-
tive Methodist Church, Crisp Street, Poplar, at n.
Offertory for my Fund.
Monday, 28th October. The Freedom of the City
was to-day presented to Lord Cromer.
There was a very large and very distinguished com-
pany in the Guildhall, which was packed to overflow-
ing. A list of those present would contain the names
of most of the statesmen and prominent members of
After the proceedings were over, Lord and Lady
Cromer came to luncheon at the Mansion House.
About 300 guests were present; amongst them, Sir
Edward Grey, Lord Crewe, Mr. Morley, Lord and Lady
2i 8 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Bath, the Dowager Lady Bath and Lady Beatrice
Thynne, Lord and Lady Granville, Lord and Lady
Mount Edgcumbe, the Hon. Harry and Mrs. Lawson,
Lord Goschen, Lord Milner, the Hon. Walter Roths-
child, Lord and Lady Courtney, Sir William Dunn,
Sir Edward and Lady Clarke, Sir Ernest and Miss
Flower, Sir Vincent Caillard, Mr. and Mrs. Moberly
Bell, and the Sheriffs and their ladies. There were no
Went to the Grand Theatre, Forest Gate a per-
formance in aid of my Fund, at 4 o'clock.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Musicians
at Stationers' Hall, the Master, Sir Homewood Craw-
ford, City Solicitor, presiding. Presented medals to
the Master elect, Mr. C. T. D. Crewe, to Mr. Santley,
and to Miss Frances Scarborough.
There was an amusing incident at the meeting of
the Court of Common Council to-day, where I pre-
sided. Mr. Richard Davies drew the attention of the
Court to the removal of the portrait of Nelson from
the place it occupied in the Lobby, and asked by
whose authority it had been removed. Neither the
Chairman of the City Lands Committee nor the City
Surveyor could answer the question. Mr. Temple, the
Art Curator, was sent for, and he informed the Court
that Nelson's portrait had been removed to make way
for a portrait of me, which had quite lately been pre-
sented to the Court. Mr. Davies moved that the
matter be referred to the City Lands Committee, and
I believe Lord Nelson came by his own again at once.
If the portraits had been speaking likenesses one might
have said how sorry he was, and the other, " What
the devil does it matter ?" or, if he were quite an
up-to-date admiral, " Sack the lot !"
CITY OF LONDON SCHOOL 219
Tuesday, 29th October. Mrs. Harkness, Miss Marie
Corelli, and others, to lunch, 1.30.
Presided at a meeting at the Mansion House, re
church work at Plumstead and Woolwich, the
Rev. J. W. Morris, Rector, and General Sir Neville
Lyttelton, with Lord Hugh Cecil and the Bishop of
Southwark, being present. The meeting was held in
connection with the Woolwich Ruridecanal Church
Extension Association, and the support of the citizens
of London was solicited.
Attended the 79th Anniversary Festival Dinner of
the Butchers' Charitable Institution at the Criterion,
Mr. George Simpson presiding. Sheriff Wakefield
was amongst the guests. The subscriptions exceeded
1,800, and constituted a record.
Wednesday, 30th October. Presided at the City
of London School at a distribution of prizes to the
girls who have gained distinction in their work.
Unfortunately, the Lady Mayoress was not well
enough to be present. My daughter took her place.
The girls looked very pretty, all dressed in white,
with white and scarlet ribbons. Mr. Ernest
Lamb, M.P., the Chairman of the School Committee,
and Mrs. Lamb, his mother, were present; as were
Mrs. Sidgwick, Principal of Newnham College, the
two Sheriffs, and many others. During the proceed-
ings the girls sang a number of part songs.
A meeting in Egyptian Hall of the Queen Victoria
Clergy Fund, the Duke of Argyll in the Chair.
Attended a concert at Cripplegate Institute in aid
of my Fund, at 9 o'clock.
Afterwards attended a ball at St. Marylebone,
held at the Hotel Great Central in aid of my
220 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Thursday, 31st October. Court of Common Council
at i . Lord Cromer came on the dais and took a
seat on my left. He was much cheered, and I told
him we were all pleased to see him. Lord Cromer
simply thanked the members, and soon left.
In accordance with ancient custom, this being the
last meeting of the Court at which I shall preside, I
made a short farewell speech to the members. I hoped
that, although I was leaving the chair, I should for
many years have their friendship. I referred to the
fact that the Lord Mayor of London was not elected
by the Court over which he presided, but by an entirely
different body of men. My year of office had been an
interesting and eventful one. First I had the honour
of receiving the King and Queen at the opening of the
new Sessions House. Other notable events during
my year of office were the visits to the City of the
King and Queen of Norway, the King and Queen of
Denmark, Prince Fushimi of Japan, the seven
Colonial Premiers, and the Paris Municipal Councillors.
I also had the honour and pleasure of heading a
deputation of members of the Court of Common
Council to Berlin, where we had a delightful time.
Moreover, I had been to Cornwall, where I received
the Freedom of Helston, my father's native place, and
of Truro, the capital city of the Duchy. I had
received a similar honour from Bury St. Edmunds in
East Anglia, and from Okehampton in Devonshire.
I had been much favoured in being permitted to raise
a large sum of money to benefit crippled children.
They, as a Court, as well as individually, had assisted
me by their sympathy and support, having voted
1,000 guineas, and only recently Mr. Deputy Wallace
and Mr. Deputy Pannell moved and seconded a
A SUMMING-UP 221
proposition, which was unanimously carried, to give
me in addition 100 a year in perpetuity. For all
this I tendered my heartiest thanks, and I was sure
they would all be glad to hear that before I left office
I should have achieved my object. I was very proud
that I had been able to use my position as Lord Mayor
to help crippled children. The remaining years of my
life would be devoted to the hospital I had founded,
which I hopedto see conducted economically, honestly,
and in the best interests of those for whom it had been
founded. In conclusion, I was pleased to tell them
that the Mayors of the twenty-eight Metropolitan
boroughs had united together to invite me to a
banquet, which I very much appreciated.
Mr. Domoney, Chairman of the City Lands Com-
mittee, congratulated me on behalf of the Court on a
brilliant year of office, and on the success of the great
object which was so dear to my heart.
A concert given by " Ye Antient Society of Cogers,"
of which I am the President, was held in the Egyptian
Hall in aid of my Cripples' Fund. Among the artistes
were Mr. Santley, Mr. Guy Doeura, Madame Carmen
de Oliveira Nery, Mrs. Henry J. Wood. Miss Ethel
Bevans, Madame Sobrino, Mr. Lloyd Chandos, Mr.
Ward Cowdery, Mile. Raymonde Amy, and Mr.
Barclay Gammon. Mr. Santley sang " Ehi Capitano,"
and " Simon the Cellarer." Mr. H. Bartholomew and
Mr. Tom Browne illustrated a souvenir programme.
Afterwards I went to a reception given by the
Mayor of Shoreditch, Mr. E. Taplis Pearce, in aid of
Friday, 1st November. Police Court Mission
annual meeting, Mansion House, 3 o'clock.
A concert was held at the Mansion House at
222 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
4 o'clock in aid of my Fund, at which a number of
distinguished artistes took part. Madame Sarah
Bernhardt recited "La France du Timballier";
Sir Charles Wyndham recited " The man who had
his hair cut." Mr. Maurice Farkoa, Miss Mary Moore,
Mr. Harry Dearth, Mr. Hayden Coffin, Mr. J. N.
Maskelyne, Mr. David Devant and Sister Dora,
Mr. Wilhelm Ganz, Mr. Denis O 'Sullivan, Signer Carpi,
Mile. Lalla Miranda, all did their best, and made up
a unique and charming entertainment.
Dined with the Imperial Industries Club at De
Keyser's Hotel. Sir George Truscott, the President,
was in the chair, and a very large and influential
company took part. A presentation on behalf of
the Club was made by the Chairman to Sir George
Hayter Chubb, the late President. Lord Jersey
handed me a cheque for 25 as a contribution from
the Club to my Fund.
Saturday, 2nd November. Attended, at Steinway
Hall, Miss Berwick's recital in aid of my Fund, at 3.
Dined with the Hospital Officers' Association at the
Gaiety Restaurant. Mr. Thomas Ryan, Secretary
of St. Mary's Hospital, President of the Association,
was in the chair.
After dinner, at 10, or thereabout, I drove to
" Wonderland," in Whitechapel, to see some boxing
at this the well-known centre of pugilism in the East
End of London. Some of my friends urged me not
to go; all of them begged me not to wear my badge.
Sir William Dunn and Sir Ernest Flower accompanied
me, and a strong detachment of police was on duty
outside the hall. I took my badge and brought it
safely home again, and a cheque for 50 for my Fund.
I made a speech to about 3,000 very rough-looking
THE CITY TEMPLE 223
young men ; they seemed very cheerful and happy, and
very sympathetic. As I walked through the crowd
of these men, inside the building, one of them said :
" God bless you, governor; you're a fair old knock-
Sunday, 3rd November. Went to the City Temple
in state at 1 1 , where the Rev. R. J. Campbell allowed
me to make an appeal from the pulpit. There was an
enormous congregation. Women shed tears and
men applauded. Mr. Campbell said to the congre-
gation: " I don't mind your breaches of decorum this
morning. I wanted to join with you a little while
I told my audience that I hoped in the early spring
to have one or two hundred crippled children at Alton,
to commence, the work there to which I intended to
devote the remaining years of my life. After I had
made my appeal, the Rev. R. J. Campbell followed
with an appropriate address on the text, " It is not
the will of your Father which is in Heaven that one
of these little ones should perish." The collection
amounted to 1 1 1 .
Went in the evening to a concert given by the
National Sunday League at the Alhambra, when I
made an appeal from the stage for my Fund. The
Harrogate Municipal Orchestra, with Mr. Julian
Clifford as conductor, and Mr. John Bridge as princi-
pal violin, were in good form. The singing of the
Hon. Mrs. Julian Clifford, Miss Alice Laken, and Mr.
Ivor Foster, was much appreciated.
Monday, 4th November. Went with the Sheriffs in
state at 1 2 o'clock to the funeral service held in the
Church of St. Botolph, Aldersgate, to the memory of
the late Sir Joseph Renals, who was Alderman of the
224 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Ward of Aldersgate. There was a large congregation,
the service being conducted by the Rev. C. O. Becker
M.A., the Vicar, assisted by the Rev. J. S. Barras,
Rector of St. Lawrence, Jewry.
Presided at the Mansion House at the annual meet-
ing of the Mansion House Council on Dwellings of the
Poor, at 3 o'clock.
I was entertained by the twenty-eight Mayors of
the Metropolis at a dinner at De Keyser's Hotel;
the Mayor of Westminister, Mr. G. W. Tallents,
presiding, who truly said the occasion was exceptional
in fact, unique; all the Metropolitan Mayors had,
as the Chairman said, conspired together to do honour
to the Lord Mayor. They were all present with their
ladies except the Mayor of Wandsworth, who was
represented by his son. As the Chairman said, the
twenty-eight Mayors of London had never before
been unanimous in agreeing to do honour to any parti-
cular person. I regret that my wife was not well
enough to be present; she was toasted. My daughter
made her first after-dinner speech in response to this
I think it will be for the benefit of the City and for
Municipal government if the Corporation and the
Metropolitan boroughs stand together as much as
possible on all Municipal matters, and I hope that
future Lord Mayors will do all they can to foster
and encourage a feeling of friendship with their
Went afterwards to a concert given by the United
Wards Club at Cannon Street Hotel in aid of my Fund.
Tuesday, 5th November. Meeting of Trustees of
City Imperial Volunteers, Mansion House, 10 o'clock.
The Lady Mayoress held her last reception at the
OUR LAST RECEPTION 225
Mansion House, at 3 to 6 o'clock. The members of
the Corporation attended, and presented her with a
diamond and ruby ring, for which they had subscribed
amongst themselves as a mark of their respect and
esteem. Mr. J. W. Domoney, Chairman of the City
Lands Committee, made the presentation in a very
sympathetic and manly speech, for which, on behalf
of my wife, I sincerely thanked him. I have a feeling
of deep gratitude to all my colleagues, for love,
honour, and troops of friends are what everyone must
be proud of; and I really believe that the members
of the Court of Common Council have, on the whole,
a friendly and sympathetic feeling towards me and
Went, accompanied by the Sheriffs, in state to the
Queen's Palace of Varieties, Poplar, to a concert in
aid of my Fund. The Mayor of Poplar (Councillor
F. Thorn) and Mr. Abrahams, the proprietor of the
theatre, received us. I went on the stage with the
Mayor, where we made speeches. His speech was the
best, because he had 30 and a promise of more to
Dined with the Mayor of Finsbury (the Rev. Pre-
bendary C. H. Perry) at De Keyser's Hotel, where I
had the pleasure to announce that I had that day
written to the King to tell His Majesty that the
amount of my Fund exceeded 60,000, which was
the sum I had asked for. The success has been
mainly due to the support I have received, first and
foremost, from Queen Alexandra, and then from the
twenty -eight Metropolitan Mayors. The Mayor
handed me a cheque for 274 collected by him in
Finsbury. The Ma}rors of Westminster, Chelsea,
Deptford, Fulham, Hackney, Holborn, Islington,
226 A LORD MAYOR'S DIARY
Marylebone, and Stoke Newington, the Sheriffs, and
many others, were present.
Wednesday, 6th November. Received at Mansion
House a deputation of the Hungarian Society at 10.30.
Attended a meeting of the Executive Committee of
the Royal Patriotic Fund at 1 7, Waterloo Place, 1 1 .30.
Presided at a meeting at the Mansion House re
University College of North Wales, 3. Lord Kenyon,
the President, read a letter from His Royal Highness
the Prince of W T ales, who sent a cheque for 100.
Other subscriptions announced were : 5,000 from the
Drapers' Company, 3,000 from Mr. Pritchard Jones,
and 1,000 from Mr. Owen Owen.
Dined with the Worshipful Company of Cloth-
workers at their hall, the Master, Mr. Deputy
F. Farnan, presiding. Afterwards went to the dinner
of Mr. Robert D. Hilton at the Holborn Restaurant to
receive a cheque for my Fund.
Thursday, 7th November. Attended in state a
matinee at the Palace Theatre of Varieties at Stoke
Newington, which the Mayor (Alderman W. B. Trick)
had organised, with the assistance of Mr. Alderman
Turner (Hon. Secretary), in aid of my Fund. Leading
artistes of London took part, including Mr. George
Robey, Miss Maud Santley, Mr. Edmund Payne, Miss
Margaret Cooper, Miss Gertie Millar, and many others.
The proceeds were estimated at 260.
There was also a matinee at Shoreditch, given by
Mr. Walter Gibbons, which brought me over 100.
Dined with the Gresham Committee at the Hotel
Cecil, the Chairman, Mr. Deputy F. Farnan, presiding.
Friday, 8th November. Luncheon at the Mansion
House, given by the Lord Mayor and the Lord Mayor
elect. 169 guests.
OUT OF OFFICE 227
Afterwards to Guildhall, where the ceremony of
admitting my successor, Sir John Bell, was performed,
and I went back to the Mansion House no longer
But still I had two more functions to attend, where
by courtesy I was still " Lord Mayor."
First I went to a matinee performance at the
Shakespeare Theatre at Clapham in aid of my Fund.
Madame Sarah Bernhardt and her French company
appeared in Adrienne Lecouvreur. Miss Lena Ashwell
read an address to Madame Sarah Bernhardt, for which
the great comedienne promptly kissed her.
The Mayor of Battersea (Councillor J. H. Browne)
was present; so was Councillor A. Shirley Benn,
Dr. McManus, and others. I was afterwards called
upon to speak. 1 expressed my regret that no one
had kissed me, and pointed out that I was an actor-
manager at the Theatre Royal, Mansion House, where
I had just concluded a very successful twelve month's
engagement, always taking the leading parts.
No one responded to my appeal. I am evidently
really out of office. My brilliant uniforms (liveries)
will be discarded, and will by-and-by appear on the
stage of some music hall or variety palace, being worn
by the men who stick up the numbers at the side of
the stage of the various items of performance, or they
will be used by some dusky chieftain in far distant
lands; my state carriages will get coats of paint of
other colours, and be altered and hired by a Sheriff
still to be elected. I am no longer " My Lord,"
unless Sir H. Campbell- Bannerman has been so
impressed by my merit that he is going to write me
another charming letter and offer me a peerage.
I remember a very pleasant little incident which
occurred on the last day of my mayoralty. Just as I
was prepared to leave the Mansion House, dressed in
all my civic glory, I took up in my arms a little girl
and kissed her. She was a granddaughter of our
present learned Common Serjeant, Mr. Henry Fielding
Dickens, K.C. She submitted with a good grace to
my embrace, and then ran to her mother, saying:
" Mummy, the Lord Mayor's Show kissed me."
, \my.^^,^Mm/iS^ :ia s
THE MAYORALTY. TIIF, GOING OUT.
: OH, WHAT A FALL WAS THERE, MY COUNTRYMEN.
From the "Punch" cartoon by John Leech.
To face p. 228
OF THE PROCEEDINGS, HABITS, AND CEREMONIAL
OBSERVED IN THE OFFICE OF MAYOR OF THE CITY
OF LONDON FROM THE 29TH OF SEPTEMBER, 1738,
TO THE 28TH OF OCTOBER, 1739, INCLUSIVE
KEPT BY MICAJAH PERRY, MERCER
TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE SIR JOHN SALTER, KNT.,
LORD MAYOR ELECT.
Sir John Eyles, Bart., Richard Levett, Esq.,
Sir Robert Baylis, Bart., Sir Geo. Champion, Knt.,
Humphrey Parsons, Esq., Sir Robt. Godschall, Knt.,
Sir Francis Child, Knt., Robt. Willimott, Esq.,
John Barber, Esq., Danl. Lambert, Esq.,
Sir Willm. Billers, Knt., Sir Josh. Hankey, Knt.,
Sir Edwd. Bellamy; Knt., Robert Westley, Esq.,
Sir Jno. Williams, Knt., Sir Willm. Rous, Knt.,
Sir Jno. Thompson, Knt., Henry Marshall, Esq.,
Sir Jno. Barnard, Knt., Sir Josh. Eyles, Knt.,
Sir Harcourt Masters, Knt., Willm. Baker, Esq.,
Geo. Heathcote, Esq. 1 A1 , , ou .
. , ]L, } Aldermen and Sheriffs.
Sir Jno. Lequesne, Kt.J
This treatise of the Habits to be worn and Ceremonial to be
observed in the Office of Mayor is most humbly inscribed by
their much obliged and
most faithful humble Servant,
October tjte 28th, 1739.
LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY*
September 29th. The Lord Mayor and Court of
Aldermen, in Scarlet, attended by all the Officers,
went to St. Lawrence Church, near Guildhall, and
heard a sermon preached by Mr. Goodwin, Minister
of Clapham, appointed by the Mayor.
N.B. The Communion Service is only read upon
this occasion; antiently the Mayor and Aldermen
received the Sacrament this day.
The Lord Mayor, Aldermen, etc., returned from
Church and went directly into the Council Chamber,
from whence (after a short stay) they went down into
the Great Hall to the Hustings, where, after the Lord
Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and other Officers were
The Common Cryer proclaimed Silence, and directed
all persons to be uncovered in the Hall, the Court was
opened after the following manner :
The Common Cryer repeating the following Pro-
clamation after the Town Clerk,
" You good Men of the Livery of the several
Companies of this City, summoned to appear here
this day for the Election of a fit and able person to be
Lord Mayor of this city for the year ensuing, draw
* Guildhall Library MSS., 15, 1 6.
232 LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
near and give your attendance. God save the
After which the custom is for the Recorder to rise
from his seat on the right hand of the Lord Mayor,
and, having first made his obeysance to the Lord
Mayor, goes to the front of the Hustings and then
makes his obeysance to the Commons ; then in a speech
tells the Commons the occasion of their meeting at
that time ; after the speech the Recorder, making his
obeysance again, returns to his seat, and then the
Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Recorder retired and
went into the Outer Court, commonly called the
Mayor's Court, when, after they were seated, the doors
were shut and kept by the three Serjeants of the
N.B. The Recorder being at Bath no Speech was
made, but the Lord Mayor and Aldermen retired as
above, and the doors shut as aforesaid.
The Sheriffs, with the Common Cryer between them,
advanced to the front of the Hustings attended by
the Chamberlain, Town Clerk, and other the Guildhall
Officers, when the Common Serjeant generally
makes a short speech to the Commons; then the
youngest Attorney of the Mayor's Court, who is
Clerk of the Common Hall (ex officio], gives the names
of those Aldermen who have served the office of
Shrievalty to the Common Serjeant, who reads them
to the Commons, and informs them that out of those
they are to return two to the Lord Mayor and
Aldermen for them to choose which of those two shall
be Lord Mayor.
Then they proceeded to the Election. The
Common Serjeant dictating to the Common Cryer in
this manner and he to the Common Hall.
THE ELECTION 233
So many as you as will have Micajah Perry, Esq.,
Alderman and Haberdasher, to be Lord Mayor of
this City for the year ensuing hold up your hands,
and so on through the list of those Aldermen who are
in nomination. Then the Common Serjeant, by
direction of the Sheriffs, declared to the Commons
that the Sheriffs were of opinion that their Election
was fallen upon me, Micajah Perry, Esq., Alderman
and Haberdasher, and Sir Thos. Lombe, Knt.,
Alderman and Mercer. Then the two Sheriffs, with
the Common Serjeant between them, the Chamber-
lain, and the rest of the Officers who stayed on the
Hustings, with the Common Cryer (his Mace on his
shoulder), descended the Hustings and went up to
the Mayor's Court, where the Lord Mayor and
Aldermen were sitting; so soon as they entered the
doors were thrown open, and after three obeysances
to the Court, the first at the Arch, the second in the
middle, and the third at the barr (at the third rever-
ence the Mayor pulls off his Hat), the Town Clerk
goes into the Court and sits down, the Common
Serjeant, at the barr between the Sheriffs, attended
as before, reported the several Aldermen's names who
had been put into nomination and on whom the
Then Mr. Common Serjeant and Town Clerk went
down to the Arch, where a Table, Pens, Ink, and Paper
stood for that purpose, and the Town Clerk, having
wrote the names of the two Aldermen returned by
the Commons and drew a line against each name
(the Recorder sitting in a Chair placed for him,
Common Serjeant standing on the right hand of the
Town Clerk), every Alderman then present came down
to the Table (beginning with the youngest) and
234 LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
declared which of the two they were for, and the
Town Clerk crossed the line against the Alderman's
name who was declared for, the Recorder and
Common Serjeant overlooking that no mistake
might be made in scoreing; then the Recorder goes
up to his Seat in Court on the right hand of the Lord
Mayor, and the Town Clerk went up to his Lordship
to know which of the two his Lordship was for
(the Common Serjeant also going to his seat), that
both the Recorder and he could hear his Lordship's
vote and see it marked.
N.B. The Recorder not being present it was per-
formed by the Common Serjeant and Town Clerk.
After his Lordship had voted the Town Clerk
delivered the scrutiny paper to the Common Serjeant,
who went down again to the barr, and declared on
taking the scrutiny there appeared to be 2 1 Aldermen
for Micajah Perry, Esq., and i for Sir Thos. Lombe.
The Sword Bearer then placed me at the Mayor's
left hand, when I received the Compliment of every
Gentleman of the Court, and also of the Officers.
I then addressed myself to the Court in a short
speech. The Court then went down to the Hustings.
I walked abreast with the Mayor, on his left hand;
my train was supported. The Common Serjeant
(in the absence of the Recorder) declared the Election.
I was taken out by the Recorder and had the Chain
put upon me, and then I returned my thanks to the
Common Hall in a short speech, as usual.
The Lord Mayor did the same, and the Court
The Lord Mayor carried me home in his Coach,
attended by the Sheriffs and Officers.
N.B. This day the Scarlet Gown is worn, and
DEATH OF MRS. PERRY 235
antiently there was a Cloak, but that is now
Several of the Aldermen did me the honour to sup
with me this evening; the entertainment is always
I did not appear any where by reason of my Wife's
death till the 2oth Octr.
October 20th. The Lord Chancellour appointed
that evening to be attended by two Aldermen and
the Deputy Recorder and myself, which I accord-
ingly did in Violet Gowns. The Deputy Recorder
made the usual speech upon presenting me, which
the Lord Chancellour returned. His Lordship
received us in state with all his Officers, and the
Purse carried before him.
N.B. This is usually done in the day, and many
Aldermen, attended by the Common Hunt, with
the extraordinary Officers and such of the Officers
of Guildhall as are at liberty who are invited and
dine with the Mayor ; but his Lordship shewed me an
indulgence upon my then affliction.
October 28th. The Aldermen below the Chair,
with 1 6 of the Court of Assistants of the Haber-
dashers' Compy., attended me at Haberdashers'
Hall, where Roast Beef and Burnt Wine was provided,
according to custom. We then proceeded to Guild-
hall (upon notice given that the Lord Mayor was
come) preceded by the Company, the Juniors walking
first; and I was supported to the Coach and after-
wards into the Hall and up to the Council Chamber
by the two senior Aldermen present.
A Court was held, when I took the left hand of the
Chair. The Violet Gown is worn, and the chain
236 LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
After the common business of the day was done,
Mr. Alderman Barber moved to return the Mayor
the thanks of the Court for his prudent and wise
conduct during the course of the year which was
N.B. This is usually done by the Recorder or
Senior Alderman present.
The Mayor returned his thanks to the Court in a
short speech, and then delivered me up the Chair,
which, after a customary address bespeaking their
advice and assistance, I returned again.
We then went down to the Court of Hustings. I
walked abreast of the Mayor, on his left hand. After
we had taken our seats, mine at the left hand of the
Chair, I was sworn into the Office in the following
On the right hand of the Hustings stood the
Haberdashers' Company (of which I was a Member),
and the Grocers' Company, of which the Lord Mayor
was a member, on the left.
The City Officers ranged themselves on both sides
according to their rank. Silence was proclaimed, and
the people ordered to be uncovered.
The Common Cryer, from the right-hand side of the
Hustings, with the Mace upon his shoulder, made
three reverences, and came to the table set there for
that purpose, where, grounding his Mace, he held the
New Testament for me.
The Town Clerk, from the same quarter, made three
reverences, and upon his knee administered to me the
Oath of Office and those to the government, and I
subscribed to them, as also to the declaration about
The Mayor delivered me the Chair.
TO THE THREE CRANES 237
Then the Regalia was delivered me in the following
The Chamberlain, from the left-hand side of the
Hustings, made three reverences, and on -his knees
delivered to the late Lord Mayor the City Septer,
which he delivered to me, and I laid it on the
He delivered the Purse and the Seal separately in
the same manner and form.
The Sword Bearer, from the same side, delivered
the Sword in the same form with the Chamberlain,
which I returned to him.
Then the first Clerk of the Chamber came in the
same form, and I delivered him back the Regalia, he
receiving them on his knees.
We then proceeded to the Coach. I walked on the
right hand of the late Mayor, who sat me down at the
Hall, preceded by both the Companies and Musick,
and followed by the Aldermen and principal Officers.
I entertained the Aldermen below the Chair, the
Junior Sheriff, some of the Gentlemen of Guildhall,
and my Company. The Common Cryer attended me
at Dinner and all that day.
The Aldermen go to the Old Lord Mayor's about
8 at night, and about 9 at night the Chamberlain
brought me the Plate and Swords, for which I signed
October 29th. This day was Sunday, so we did not
go to Westminster till the next day.
The Aldermen (20 in number), with the Sheriffs, etc.,
met me at Guildhall, and after Breakfast We set out
in my State coach for the 3 Cranes, preceded by my
Company with their old men (44 in number, I being
so many years old) and their Streamers, etc. I was
238 LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
dressed in the Scarlet Gown and Velvet Hood, with
the Collar of SS, Pearl Sword, Cap of Maintenance,
and the Mace, Myself and Servants in deep mourning,
my State Coach not, but my Private Coach was in
mourning. We took water, and landed at West-
minster Bridge attended by the several Companies in
their Barges, and saluted from the several Wharf es
with Guns as We passed by. We were received at
landing by the City Grenadiers, who ushered us first
into a room, where we refreshed ourselves with W T ine
and Savoy Biscuits, and then to the Hall Gate,
where we saluted the several Courts. We were pre-
ceded by my Company and all the Officers of the
City, walking two abreast, according to their
N.B. Antiently within my memory all the Com-
panies landed at Westminster and lined the Hall for
the Mayor to walk through, but now only the Tallow
Chandlers' Company do it.
We proceeded up to the Exchequer Barr, which we
approached with three reverences ; then the Recorder,
Myself standing uncovered on his right hand, the late
Lord Mayor on his left, made his speech, which the
Chief Baron answered as usual.
After that I took the Oath of Office.
Proper Warrants of Attorney were filed. The late
Lord Mayor took two Oaths viz., One as Gauger,
and the other as Escheator to account with the Crown.
The Barons were invited to Dinner.
We proceeded down to the King's Bench and
Common Please Court, and filed Warrants of Attorney,
and invited the Judges to Dinner.
N.B. The Lord Chancellour usually sits in his
Court, to whom we pay the first Compliment, and give
BACK FROM WESTMINSTER 239
his Lordship an invitation, but this being the King's
Birthday he was absent.
From thence we returned in the same manner by
Water to Blackfryers. At our going off from
Westminster Bridge the Grenadiers discharged a volley,
and so again upon our landing at Black Fryers.
From thence we proceeded to Guildhall in pro-
cession, of which I can give no account but that my
own Company and the Artillery Company marched
all the way before me.
We dined in State.
N.B. Upon my coming to Guildhall I went into
the Old Council Chamber, put off the Scarlet Robe,
and put on the Entertaining Gown.
November 5th. Went to St. Paul's, preceded by
the City Trumpets and attended by the Sheriffs, in
Scarlet and Collar of SS.
14th. Went to Court of Aldermen as usual in
Violet. Prayers at Guildhall Chapel every Court
day throughout the year; as also Family Prayers
every Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday at 10 o'clock
in the morning.
N.B. The Sheriffs attend every day when I go
out, in their Gowns, and their Officers, and follow
me to Guildhall, when I salute them as they pass by
in their Chariots.
16th. Held a Court of Common Council. Violet.
19th. Went to St. Paul's.
21st. Held a Court of Aldermen.
26th. Went to St. Paul's.
28th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
30th. Entertained the Judges and Council.
Received them in the Entertaining Gown, and dined
2 4 o LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
December 1st. Held a Court of Aldermen and
Common Council. In Violet.
3rd. Went to St. Paul's.
4th. Went to Guildhall, and held a Sessions of
5th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
6th. Sessions at the Old Bayley, held till Saturday.
N.B. I never went to St. Paul's the Sunday after
llth. Adjourned Sessions of Peace. Not present,
being in the Country.
12th. Held a Court of Hustings at Guildhall.
N.B. A Court of this kind had not been held for
many years. I sat in the Court, with the Recorder
at my right hand, the Officers of the Court below,
the Council on each side. A Jury was empannelled,
and an Issue at law was tried, the particulars of which
I have directed to be entered in the Books of that
Court. Afterwards held a Court of Aldermen.
The Fruiterers' Company attended me this morning
with the usual present of Baskets of Fruit. I
entertained them with a cold breakfast.
13th. An Adjourned Sessions of Peace at Guild-
14th. The Elders and Ministers of the Dutch
and French Church attended me, and by one of their
Ministers paid me the usual Compliment, and desired
my Protection, which I returned. They presented
me with two silver Flagons, One from each Church.
I received them in the Entertaining Gown, and
dined in State.
N.B. This Custom has been disused ever since
Sir Peter Delme's time, but I revived it.
BEGGING IN THE MARKETS 241
December 17th. Went to St. Paul's. Violet.
18th. An Adjourned Sessions of the Peace and
21st. Held my own Wardmote in Scarlet. No
23rd. Went a begging with the Sheriffs through
the several Markets for the several Prisons. Violet.*
The House broke up till Wednesday.
January 3rd. Held a Wardmote in the Sheriff's
Court, Guildhall, for the Election of an Alderman
of the Ward of Cheap in the room of Sir Robert
Cater, deceased. They proceeded, at my desire, to
Poll directly without holding up of hands. Sir
Joseph Eyles and Richard Hoare, Esq., were Candi-
dates. The former was declared by the majority
of One Vote. A Scrutiny was demanded on behalf
of Mr. Hoare, which is to begin on Monday the 22nd
inst. The Sheriffs attend me.
N.B. The Scarlet Gown is worn during the 12
Held a Quarter Sessions of the Peace in Southwark.
4th. Held a Wardmote at Girdlers' Hall for the
Election of an Alderman of the Ward of Bassishaw,
in the room of Sir Thomas Lombe, deceased, when
Mr. Baker and Capt. Ellerton were Candidates.
Mr. Baker declared upon the Poll.
Entertained my Officers. At the second course
I went down to them and drank to them in a loving
Cup according to custom, and wished them a happy
* " The Newspapers of 1721 refer to the revival of an ancient
custom on the eve of great festivals of the Lord Mayors visiting
the Markets in person to solicit contributions of provisions for the
poor. It is said that his Lordship was very successful at this
period." Malcolm's "Manners and Customs," vol. ii., par. 17.
242 LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
new year. They all attend that day. They gave
me in a Bill for Winter Liveries to the following
persons: To the Sword Bearer, 4; Three Carvers,
each 2; Yeomen of the Waterside, 2 each; Sword
Bearer's young man, i i6s. 8d.
January 8th. Guildhall, to receive Inquest
Presentments, and afterwards to the Mayor's Court
and swore the several Constables and Scavangers.
9th. Held a Court of Aldermen. Violet.
14th. Went to St. Lawrence Church to receive
the Communion. Scarlet. The Minister and Church
Wardens dined with me as usual.
15th. Held a Quarter Sessions of the Peace.
16th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
17th. Sessions at the Old Bayley; held till
22nd. Begun the Scrutiny for Cheap Ward; held
till Thursday noon.
23rd. Held a Court of Aldermen.
28th. Went to St. Paul's. Met the Judges.
Scarlet, being first Sunday in Term.
N.B. 9 Judges and 8 Serjeants dined with me.
Dined in state.
29th. Went to Guildhall. Declared Sir Joseph
Eyles duly elected Alderman for Cheap Ward by a
majority of 9 votes upon the Scrutiny.
30th. Went to St. Paul's, in Black Gown without
February 4th. Went to St. Paul's. Violet.
6th. Held a Court of Aldermen and an Adjourned
Sessions of the Peace.
BIRTH OF A PRINCE 243
8th. Held a Common Council,
llth. Went to St. Paul's.
13th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
16th. Went to Bow Church; heard a Sermon
preached by the Bishop of Bristol before the Society
for Propagating the Gospel . After invited the Bishops
to dine with me. There were 9. Received them in
the Entertaining Gown and dined in State.
18th. Went to St. Paul's.
19th. W r ent to Guildhall. Held a Sessions of
20th. Held a Court of Aldermen and Common
Council and Court of Husting.
21st. Sessions at the Old Bayley ; held till Saturday
March 1st. Held a Court of Aldermen.
4th. W T ent to St. Paul's.
N.B. There was no Court of Aldermen this week
by my desire, I was so engaged in Parliament.
llth. Went to St. Paul's.
13th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
14th. Went to Guildhall, Licensed Victuallers.
15th. Summoned a Court of Aldermen ; acquainted
them with the Princess of Wales being delivered of
a Son. Resolved to address the King and Prince
upon the Occasion; desired the Recorder to make
the Compliment, and that it might be confined to
the particular occasion.
Ordered the Sheriffs, attended by Mr. Remem-
brancer, to wait upon the King and Prince, to know
when they will be attended by this Court.
Then held a Board of Lieutenancy.
The Sheriffs returned; told me the King would be
244 LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
attended by the Court of Aldermen to-morrow at
2 of the Clock at St. James's. The Prince would
send me word when the Princess was well enough to
16th. Summoned a Court of Aldermen to Guildhall
to attend the King. The Recorder made the com-
pliment. The Officers attended me on foot as far as
Temple Bar, and then went in Coaches to St. James's.
The Sword is elevated to the Palace, the Mace is
carried before to the Guard Room, and then both
Sword and Mace are left. The Lord Chamberlain
receives us at the Door of the Presence Chamber.
When he introduced us, I was in the middle, the Lord
Chamberlain on my right, and the Recorder on my
left. We approached the King after making three
Reverences, each of which the King returned by
pulling off his Hat. He was seated in a Chair of
State surrounded by the Great Officers. The Duke
stood on his left hand. The room was lined by the
Band of Pensioners, and we had all the honour to
kiss his hand. Scarlet.
18th. Went to St. Paul's. Violet.
20th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
21st. Held a Court of Common Council. Agreed
to address the King and Prince. The Sheriffs were
ordered up as before to know when the King would be
22nd. Went up to the King with the Common
Council, only two of the Aldermen attended.
Received as before. In Scarlet.
Went out of Town till Monday night.
27th. Held a Court of Aldermen. Violet.
28th. Went to Southwark. Held a Quarter
TO PUTNEY IN THE CITY BARGE 245
29th. Held a Common Council.
30th. Went to Putney in the City Barge, attended
by the Aldermen and Officers. Held a Court of
Conservancy there, then crossed the River to Fulham.
Held a Court and dined there.
April 1st. Went to St. Paul's.
3rd. Held a Court of Aldermen.
5th. Held a Board of Lieutenancy.
8th. Went to St. Paul's.
10th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
llth. Went to Stratford and Greenwich, and held
Courts of Conservancy.
15th. Went to St. Paul's.
17th. Held a Court of Aldermen and \Court of
Common Council to acquaint them with appointment
made for receiving address.
Nominated a Sheriff.
18th. Went up to Norfolk House, attended as
before. Introduced by the Marquis of Carnarvon,
the Lord of the Bed Chamber in waiting.
19th. Held a Court of Lieutenancy; chose Colonel
Phillips Muster Master.
20th. W 7 ent to St. Paul's at 3 o'clock in the after-
noon, in Black Gown without the Chain, being
Good Fry day.
21st. W T ent through the Markets a begging,
according to custom.
23rd. Went to St. Bride's Church the three days,
attended by several of the Aldermen, the Sheriffs,
and the Officers of Guildhall, preceded by the Gover-
nours and Charity Children of the several Hospitals;
on Monday and Tuesday in Scarlet, with the collar
of SS, Velvet hood and Regalia; on Wednesday,
in the Violet Gown. The Sermons were preached, on
246 LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
Monday by Dr. Herring, Bishop of Bangor; on
Tuesday, by Dr. Bolton, Dean of Carlisle; on
Wednesday, by Dr. Lavington, one of the Residen-
tiaries of St. Paul's. This last day the Children
came to my Hall, and it has been usual of late
to give them each a Role and a glass of White
On the Tuesday I named a Sheriff.
26th. Went out of Town till Sunday Evening,
being Easter week.
30th. Held a Quarter Sessions of the Peace. I
wore a silk Gown for the remainder of the Summer,
as did the Sheriffs.
May 1st. Held a Court of Aldermen, and named
This day the Churchwardens of St. Bride's attended
me, when I paid them 5 for the use of their Church,
according to custom.
2nd. Sessions at the Old Bayley ; held till Saturday
8th. Held an adjourned Sessions of the Peace and
Court of Aldermen.
Named a Sheriff.
13th. Went to St. Paul's. Met the Judges,
being the first Sunday in Easter Term. In Scarlet.
N.B. When the Judges dine with either Sheriff,
as they did this time with the Senior, The Mayor
stops his Coach at some convenient place and lets
the Chief Justices and the Chief Baron pass
him; he pays them a compliment, and then goes
15th. Held a Court of Aldermen. Named a
20th. Went to St. Paul's.
STURGEONS IN THE THAMES 247
22nd. Held an Adjourned Sessions of the Peace
and Court of Aldermen. Named a Sheriff.
This day the Water Bailiff brought me an account
that a Sturgeon of 7 feet 4 inches long and 3 feet
6 inches in circumference was taken near Chiswick,
which I ordered to be presented to the King.
24th. Another Sturgeon was taken near Lime-
house, of 7 feet long and 3 feet in circumference,
which I ordered to be presented to the Prince of Wales.
27th. Went to Saint Paul's.
28th. Held a Common Council.
29th. Went to St. Paul's, preceded by the City
Musick, in Scarlet and Collar of SS. Named a
June 1st. Held a Commission of Land Tax, and
swore in the Commissioners.
3rd. Went to St. Paul's.
5th. Held a Sessions of the Peace and Court of
Aldermen. Named a Sheriff.
6th. Held a Board of Lieutenancy.
7th. Sessions at the Old Bayley held till Saturday.
Went from thence and held a Common Council this
llth. Went to St. Paul's, preceded by the City
Musick, in Scarlet and Collar of SS.
The Artillery Company met me at St. Paul's, and
marched before me through Cheapside and down
King Street to my Hall. They were led by Col.
Deacon. They drew, up before the Hall and fired
three volleys One at the King's Health, One at the
Prince and Princess of Wales', and the other at mine.
I afterwards entertained the Officers with a cold
dinner. I received them in the Entertaining Gown,
and gave the Soldiers a Bottle of Wine between three.
248 LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
They after dinner drew up and saluted me as they
passed by the Hall Gate.
The House broke up till Monday, being Whitsun
19th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
24th. Went to St. Paul's. Met the Judges, being
the first Sunday in Trinity Term. Scarlet.
By Act of Common Council, made the i 5th of June,
1694, The Election of Sheriffs, Chamberlain, Bridge-
masters, Auditors of this City and Bridge house
accounts, and Ale Conners, in case Midsummer day-
happen to fall on the Lord's day, commonly called
Sunday, is appointed to be on the day next following ;
and Midsummer day happening this year to fall on the
Sunday, I issued Precepts to the Masters and Wardens
of the several Livery Companies of this City to cause
their respective Liveries to be summoned to meet at
the Guildhall on Monday, the 25th of June, at
9 o'clock in the morning, to make the said Elections;
and a Court of Aldermen was summoned for the
same time on that occasion.
Accordingly, on Monday the 25th, I went to Guild-
hall in my Violet Gown, attended by my Officers as
usual, where I was met by several Aldermen in their
Violet Gowns in the Council Chamber; and after a
short stay there, Myself, the Aldermen, and Recorder,
attended by the Guildhall Officers, went down into
the Great Hall, when, being seated on the Hustings,
the Common Hall was opened after the following
manner (that is to say) : The Common Cryer, with
his Mace, at the front of the Hustings, commanded
Silence and the people to be uncovered in the Hall.
Then the Common Cryer repeated the following
Proclamation after the Town Clerk: " You good men
of the Livery of the several Companies of this City,
summoned to appear here this day for the Election
of two fit and able persons to be Sheriffs of this City
and County of Middlesex and other Officers for the
year ensuing, draw near and give your attendance.
God save the King 1"
Then Mr. Recorder (according to custom) rose from
his seat on my right hand, and having first made his
obeysance to the Court, went to the front of the Hust-
ings, and after another obeysance to the Commons,
made a speech to them, wherein he declared the
occasion of their meeting, and after the obeysances
as before, returned to his seat. Then the Court of
Aldermen and Recorder, with the Sword, retired up
into the outer Court, commonly called the Mayor's
Court, where, after we were seated, the outer doors
were shut and kept by the 3 Serjeants of the Chamber.
After we were retired the two Sheriffs, with the
Common Serjeant between them, and attended by the
Common Cryer with his Mace, and the Chamberlain,
Town Clerk, and other of the Guildhall Officers,
advanced to the front of the Hustings, when, after
the youngest Attorney of the Mayor's Court (who is
Clerk of the Common Hall ex officio) had given Mr.
Common Serjeant a list of the names of the Aldermen
and Commoners who were in nomination for Sheriffs,
the Common Serjeant read them to the Commons,
and informed them that out of those they were to
choose two to be Sheriffs for the ensuing year.
Then they proceeded to the Election, the Common
Serjeant dictating to the Common Cryer, and he to
the Common Hall, thus : " So many of you as will have
George Heathcote, Esq., Alderman and Salter, to be
one of the Sheriffs of this City and County of Middle-
2$o LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
sex for the year ensuing, hold up your hands," and so
on through the list of those Aldermen and Commons
who were put in nomination.
Then the Common Serjeant, by direction of the
Sheriffs, declared their election for Sheriffs was fallen
upon Robert Grosvenor (the Elder), Leatherseller,
and William Townsend, Merchant Taylor.
After which they proceeded in like manner to the
Election of Chamberlain, Bridge masters, Ale Conners,
and Auditors of the Chamber and Bridge house
accounts. After all the Elections were declared to the
Commons, the two Sheriffs, with the Common Serjeant
between them, and attended by the Chamberlain,
Town Clerk, and other the Guildhall Officers (who
stayed on the Hustings), with the Common Cryer (his
Mace on his shoulder), descended the Hustings and
came up to the Mayor's Court, where I was sitting
with the Aldermen and Recorder. So soon as they
entered the doors were thrown open, and after three
obeysances to the Court, the first at the Arch, the
second in the middle, and the third at the barr
at the third obeysance I put off my hat the
Town Clerk went into Court and sat down, the
Common Serjeant, between the Sheriffs at the barr,
attended as above, reported the several Elections
of Sheriffs, Chamberlain, etc., and on whom each
After which the whole Court, attended as before,
went down again into the Common Hall in the Hust-
ings, and being seated as before, the Recorder soon
rose from his seat, and after the usual obeysances, as
before, went to the front of the Hustings, and declared
to the Commons the several Elections as reported to
the Court, which they confirmed.
THE SHERIFFS ELECT DECLINE 251
Then the Sheriffs elect were called out on the
Hustings by the Common Cryer, the Town Clerk
dictating to him as follows :
" Robert Grosvenor (the Elder), Citizen and
Leatherseller, and William Townsend, Citizen and
Merchant Taylor, lately elected by the Commons of
this City to be Sheriffs of this City and County
of Middlesex for the year ensuing, come forth
and declare your consent to take upon you the
said office upon pain and peril that shall fall
After that the Common Hall was dismissed in the
usual form, and I and the Aldermen departed severally
and went to our own homes.
26th. Held a Court of Aldermen, when Robert
Grosvenor and William Townsend, Esq., Sheriffs
Elect, attended, and Grosvenor refused to execute the
Bond or hold the Office, being a Protestant Dissenter,
and Townsend swore off. Whereupon the Court
ordered a Common Hall to be summoned for Tuesday,
the 3rd of July, for the Election of two persons to
be Sheriffs in their room.
29th. Went to Southwark and held a Quarter
Sessions of the Peace.
July 1st. Went to Saint Paul's.
3rd. -Went to Guildhall. Held a Court of Alder-
men, and also a Common Hall for the Election of
two fit and able persons to be Sheriffs in the room
of Grosvenor and Townsend, when Mr. Alderman
Heathcote and Sir John Lequeson were Elected and
called out, and the same ceremonies performed as at
the Election on the 2$th of June.
5th. Held a Common Council.
8th. Went to Saint Paul's.
252 LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
10th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
llth. Went in the City Barge up to Fulham,
held a Court oftonservancy .there and at the Bowling
Green House on Putney Heath, where we dined,
attended by several of the Aldermen.
13th. Entertained the Judges, being the first
Sittings at Guildhall after Trinity Term.
15th. Went to Saint Paul's.
16th. Held a Quarter Sessions of the Peace at
17th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
18th. Sessions at the Old Bayley held till Fryday
24th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
25th. \Vent to Stratford. Held a Court of Con-
servancy; thence went to Blackwall, and so in the
Barge to Greenwich. Held a Court, and dined at
Grace Van Courts on Blackheath. The Ladies
were there, and were carried in the City Barge
and landed at Greenwich, from whence it went
to Blackwall to meet us. Several Aldermen
27th. Entertained the Master, Wardens, and
Court of Assistants of the Haberdashers' Company.
Received them in the Entertaining Gown, and dined
The House broke up this day till the 23rd August.
August 23rd. Went to Guildhall, and thence to
Smithfield to proclaim Bartholomew Fair. We stopt
under Newgate, where the Keeper presented me with
a cold tankard, according to custom. The Pro-
clamation was read by the Attorney of the Mayor's
Court in waiting (who sate in the Coach with me)
in Cloth Fair, and repeated by one of the Sheriff's
THE FIRE OF LONDON 253
Officers. From thence we returned home by way of
The House adjourned till Monday, the 3rd of
September 3rd. Being the day appointed by Act
of Parliament to keep the Fire of London, when the
2nd happens on Sunday as it did this year. Went
to St. Paul's in Black Gown and no Chain, Black
4th. Went to Guildhall, held a Sessions of the
Peace and Court of Aldermen.
6th. Sessions at the Old Bayley held till
8th. Went from the Old Bayley to Guildhall-
put on the Scarlet Gown and Collar of SS attended
by all the Officers and City Trumpetts, and several
Aldermen, to proclaim Southwark Fair, and Dined
at the Bridge House.
N.B. The Sword Bearer wears the Embroidered
Cap, which is only worn on this day, and the Pearl
Sword, and the Common Crier the Mace.
llth. Held a Court of Aldermen.
16th. Went to Saint Paul's.
18th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
19th. Held a Board of Lieutenancy.
21st. This day I should have gone to Christ's
Hospital, but was taken ill, so that I did not go out.
The occasion is this :
The Lord Mayor goes there about 1 1 o'clock, into
the great Hall, where the Presidents and Governors
of the several Hospitals meet him. From thence they
go to Christ's Church, preceded by the Children in
their order, where, after a Sermon, they proceed
to the Grammer School, where two of the Boys
254 LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
make Orations, One in Latin, the Other in English,
in commemoration of their Benefactors; after which
the Clerk of each Hospital delivers unto the Mayor
a list of the several Governors nominated within the
preceding year which ought to be delivered into the
Court of Aldermen, and was antiently intended
for their approbation ; but this has been of late years
Then the several Beadles of each Hospital come in
and lay down their Staves. The Mayor enquires of
the City Marshalls after their conduct, and if they
have been found faithful in the discharge of their
respective offices he then directs them to take them
up again. Violet.
23rd. Did not go to Saint Paul's.
25th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
27th. Held a Board of Lieutenancy. Chose
Mr. Henry Smart, Clerk to the Commissioners in
his Father's Room.
28th. Went to Guildhall. Received the new
Sheriffs, who walked from Grocers' Hall, preceded
by 1 6 of the Court of Assistants of the Salters' and
Grocers' Companies, of which the Sheriffs are members.
The Salters took the right hand, as Mr. Alderman
Heathcote was the Senior Sheriff. They were each
introduced by two Aldermen above the Chair as
they were Aldermen; had they been Commoners
they would have been supported by Two Aldermen
below the Chair. We went down into the Hustings
Court, when they were sworn into their office in the
following manner :
Myself and Aldermen being seated in our places, the
Common Cryer first commanded Silence and the
people to be uncovered in the Hall.
NEW SHERIFFS ELECT 255
Then the new Sheriffs were called out by the
Common Cryer, the Town Clerk dictating to him as
follows: " George Heathcote, Esq., Alderman and
Salter, Sir John Lequesne, Knt., Alderman and
Grocer, lately elected by the Commons of this
City to be Sheriffs of the same City and County of
Middlesex for the year ensuing, come forth and take
upon you the said office on pain and peril that will
Then the new elected Sheriffs came forth, and the
Common Cryer with his Mace held the new Testament
to them while the Town Clerk administered the Oath
of Office to them (both he and they standing) ; then
the Oaths of Allegiance, Supremacy, and Abjuration,
with the declaration against transubstantiation, all
which they subscribed. Then they presented Mr.
Timothy Waldo to be their Under Sheriff of Middlesex,
and the Town Clerk, sitting, administered to him the
Oath of Office and the other Oaths and Declarations,
he kneeling, and the Common Cryer holding the
book to him. Then the Officers put the chains on
the new Sheriffs. That done, We all left the
The new Sheriffs, with the Aldermen and the
Companies, together with the Chamberlain, Common
Serjeant, Town Clerk, and as many of the Guildhall
Officers as attended, went to Grocers' Hall, where they
were all entertained at Dinner by the new Sheriffs, as
usual on the like occasions.
N.B. The Old Sheriffs attended me home, where
a mutual Compliment was paid. Violet.
This day I left off the Silk Gown.
29th.~ Went to Guildhall, in Scarlet. The cere-
mony of this day is already particularly set down,
256 LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
except that there was a Poll demanded for Sir George
Champion, which was given up that evening, so that
the Declaration was not made till the Tuesday
30th. Went to Saint Paul's.
October 1st. Went to Guildhall, in Scarlet, where
the Sheriffs met, attended by their respective Com-
We took water at the Three Cranes, and from thence
proceeded to Westminster by Water. The two
Companies landed first; then the Officers, after them
the Aldermen, the Juniors first, who placed themselves
in their rank upon the Bridge (and the same ceremony
in other respects was observed upon the Aldermen
landing as is mentioned at going up with the Sheriffs
at page 238). I landed with the Sword and Mace,
and walked thro' them; then they closed in according
to their seniority. We proceeded to the Exchequer
Chamber, from thence to the Exchequer Barr, the
Companies lining the way. I walked abreast between
the Sheriffs, the Recorder at my left hand, the Sword
on my right, and the Mace on my left. I was covered.
We made three reverences, at each of which the Baron
pulled off his Hat, and I returned it. The Recorder
then presented the Sheriffs to him in a short speech.
Proper Warrants of Attorney were filed, and the late
Sheriffs swore to account. Then the Senior Alderman
below the Chair that was present cut some Twiggs
for suit and service for some Lands, and the Officers
of the Court told some Nails and Horse Shoes.
The Baron was then invited to Dinner. I pulled off
my Hat and paid him my Compliment. We then
returned in the same order to Grocers' Hall to
The Sheriffs take place on this day of all the
Aldermen, and are in Scarlet, the Aldermen in
October 2nd. Went to Guildhall. Received the
report of the Sheriffs. Went into the Husting Court,
and declared Sir John Salter, Knight, Lord Mayor,
the particular manner before described.
Held a Court of Aldermen.
3rd. Held a Quarter Sessions of the Peace in
7th. Went to St. Paul's.
9th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
llth. The Bishop of London came to Haber-
dashers' Hall, when We distributed the King's Bounty
of i ,000, with other money collected by virtue of His
Majesty's Letter, dated the 2Oth February, 1738,
among the several Poor Parishes within the City of
London and Bills of Mortality.
The Bishop afterwards dined with me.
14th. Went to my own Parish Church (St. Mary
Ax), without the Sheriffs, and in the Entertaining
Gown. I was received at the Church Door by the
Church Wardens with their Wands, the Organ playing
and Bells ringing.
15th. Went to Guildhall. Held a Quarter Sessions.
16th. Held a Court of Aldermen.
17th. Sessions at the Old Bayley held till Fryday
23rd. Held a Court of Aldermen.
I received a letter from the Duke of Newcastle,
dated the ipth Inst., desiring my attendance, and
that of the Aldermen and Sheriffs, upon the Declara-
tion of War with .Spain. Upon enquiry I could not
find any mention of a Procession of this kind, either
258 LORD MAYOR PERRY'S DIARY
in the Repertories, the Herald's Office, or Secretary's
Office, but only in general that it was done, and that
the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs attended, for
which reason this Procession was not conducted in the
regular manner it ought to have been done. To
prevent, therefore, any such disorder in time to come
I have here set down the order in which it ought to
have been conducted.
The Mayor, attended by the Aldermen and Sheriffs,
in Scarlet, went from Guildhall to Temple Barr,
preceded by the Constables of the several Wards
through which the Procession was to pass. The Gate
is shut, but upon notice of the Heralds or being come
it is ordered to be opened; the procession then begins
in the following order :
A Party of the Horse Grenadiers.
Lord Mayor's Officers.
The Gentlemen of Guildhall, Juniors first.
The Aldermen, the Juniors going first.
The Lord Mayor immediately before the Heralds.
The Procession is closed by a party of Life Guards.
In this manner the Declaration was read at Chan-
cery Lane end, at Wood Street end, and at the Royal
N.B. As soon as the Gate was opened Blue
Mantle Pursuivant presented me the last Marshall's
Warrant for liberty of proclaiming War within the
25th. Went to Guildhall. Held an Adjourned
Quarter Sessions of the Peace. Violet.
I afterwards put on the Scarlet Gown and went to
FAREWELL TO OFFICE 259
Stocks Market, attended by several Gentlemen of
the Committee appointed to erect a Mansion
House for the Lord Mayor of this City, in their
Gowns, preceded by the City Musick and my Officers,
with the Sunday Sword and Mace, and laid the
chief corner stone of the said Mansion House, and
placed therein a copper plate with an inscrip-
tion engraved thereon, and afterwards returned
26th. Went to Guildhall. Held an Adjourned
Quarter Sessions of the Peace. Violet.
28th. The Aldermen above the Chair, with 16
of the Court of Assistants of the Haberdashers'
Company, attended me at Haberdashers' Hall, when
Roast Beef and Burnt Wine was provided accord-
ing to custom. We then went to Guildhall, where
we met the Lord Mayor Elect, and from thence
we proceeded to Guildhall Chappie, where (being
Sunday) a Sermon was preached by The Revd.
Mr. Abbot (appointed by me). We afterwards
went up into the Council Chamber. The further
ceremony of this day is already particularly set
This day being Sunday there were no Ladies
invited, and I only entertained the Aldermen above
the Chair, the Officers of Guildhall, and the Haber-
The Officers, with the Sword Bearer, came when
the Company were gone, and took their leave of me
in a Body. The Sword Bearer delivered the Com-
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